Roussillon is famous for the rich deposits of ochre pigments found in the clay near the village. The large quarries of Roussillon were mined from the end of the eighteenth century until 1930. Thousands of people found work in the quarries and factories. Nowadays the mining of ochre is prohibited here, in order to protect the sites from degradation or even complete destruction. Because during the 18th century the demand rose for pigments to be used in the textile industry, the mining of ochres in Roussillon intensified. Numerous quarries and ochre factories, some of which can still be seen today, were situated near the village. An example of an ochre factory, named Mathieu, has been formed into a 'Conservatoire': a workshop serving as a museum. The quarries and factories were established in the villages of Roussillon, Villars, Gargas, Rustrel (with its Colorado provencal) and Gignac.
Escursioni e attrazioni in PROVENCE-ALPES-COTE D AZUR vicino a AIX-EN PROVENCE Roussillon:
'LE COLORADO PROVENCAL'
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BED AND BREAKFAST
1902 CHEMIN DU PONT ROUT
13100 - AIX-EN PROVENCE - PROVENCE-ALPES-COTE D AZUR - FRANCE
Altitudine: 254 metri sul livello del mare
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