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 archaeological site AREA ARCHEOLOGICA DI CASIGNANA

archaeological site
AREA ARCHEOLOGICA DI CASIGNANA

Excursions, points of interest and attractions close to CASIGNANA San Luca Bovalino Bova

SANTO STEFANO IN APROMONTE

SANTO STEFANO IN APROMONTE  Apri
Loc. SANTO STEFANO IN ASPROMONTE REGGIO CALABRIA, ITALY - CALABRIA  Navigatore
27 Km from AREA ARCHEOLOGICA DI CASIGNANA
Altitude: 864 mt. a.s.l.  Area Reggio Calabria, Messina, Bova
Santo Stefano in Aspromonte is a nice mountain village perched on a rocky outcrop of the broad stream of Gaul, on the Tyrrhenian side of the harsh mountainous province of Reggio Calabria. The territory, a distinctly tourist vocation, is particularly interesting from the point of view of landscape and environment, both at lower altitudes, predominantly rural, both at the higher ones, the most populated and particularly suited to the summer and winter holidays. The vegetation consists mainly of olive trees and chestnut trees, up to a thousand meters above sea level, above which prevail beech, pine and fir trees. At an altitude of 1300 meters there is a winter and summer resort of Gambarie, part of the municipality of Santo Stefano. The country shows the typical features of the mountain villages: neat and clean streets, many ladders, crisp air, wood sheds. The old town is full of interesting corners: steep steps, noble buildings well preserved, features fountains, terraced houses built and narrow alleys from which you can admire landscapes of great charm. The town, which lies in the area of Aspromonte National Park is renowned for its natural beauty and is visited by many tourists throughout the year. In Santo Stefano in Aspromonte you can also visit the remains of the ancient abbey of St. Basilian John and Castaneto in the cave of S. Sylvester. The center is renowned for the production of oil, grains and fruits, among its dense forests, you can finally pick up, in autumn, excellent mushrooms and tasty chestnuts.

BOVALINO

BOVALINO  Apri
Loc. BOVALINO - CALABRIA  Navigatore
9 Km from AREA ARCHEOLOGICA DI CASIGNANA
  Area San Luca, Casignana, Antonimina
Bovalino overlooks the Ionian coast and is one of the many landmarks of the tourists who choose Calabria. Remarkable development of the beach. In addition there is Bovalino Bovalino Superiore, at a height of about 150 meters. Bovalino Superior contains the castle built by Count Roger de Hauteville said Norman after the Norman conquest of southern Italy (1059); was once a majestic royal castle for the administration of the territory and was given to the family Conclubet, gentlemen d'Arena, Stilo and Gerace. The first lord was Fulcone Ruffo, these seguirno: Caracciolo, De Pol, Centelles, Pignatelli, Gagliardi, Marullo, Galeota, Loffredo, Orsini, Vitale, Del Negro, Spinelli, Caracciolo, and finally the Pescara Diano which kept up the feud the abolition of feudalism (1806). Today the castle remains only as a witness to some abandoned ruin.

SPIAGGIA DI BOVA MARINA

SPIAGGIA DI BOVA MARINA  Apri
Loc. BOVA MARINA RC, ITALIA - CALABRIA  Navigatore
24 Km from AREA ARCHEOLOGICA DI CASIGNANA
  Area Bova, Casignana, San Luca
The Beach of Bova Marina, located about 45 km from Reggio Calabria, is easily accessible along the SS 106 Ionian. It is a beautiful pebble beach clear mixed with sand, bathed by a beautiful crystal clear sea, thanks to the extraordinary transparency of a gravelly bottoms. The promontory of San Pasquale, near Bova Marina, makes the area even more attractive. Two sharp indentations carved into the rock close and reopen the spectacle of the sea and the landscape in the background is dominated by Bova Superiore, the capital of the perfect Greece Calabria, that even 14 kilometers away stands for the majesty of his medieval castle.

LAGO COSTANTINO

LAGO COSTANTINO  Apri
Loc. LAGO COSTANTINO, ASPROMONTE NATIONAL PARK, SAN LUCA, REGGIO CALABRIA, ITALY - CALABRIA  Navigatore
6 Km from AREA ARCHEOLOGICA DI CASIGNANA
Altitude: 247 mt. a.s.l.  Area Bovalino, Casignana, Antonimina
Lake Constantine, also known as Lake Oleander was formed in 1973 during a flood . After days of heavy rain , January 1, 1973 , a landslide of huge dimensions spilled on the bed of the stream Bonamico , in a stretch of the area between Wrists and St. Luke , settling perfectly from one bank to another. It was formed as a natural dam and in the space of a few days, a huge amount of water and mud filled the reservoir. The lake was officially named Lake Constantine , named after the ancient monastery of St. Constantine the tenth century. those that stood in the vicinity . It grows to about 2.4 km in length on the river bed , for a total perimeter of approximately 5 km and a maximum depth of about 18 meters. The depth decreases from year to year because of the alluvial deposit carried by the waters of the stream that flows into the lake by raising the bottom. Over time the lake will , therefore, destined to disappear , giving way to an expanse of sand. Plant Deion : The lake area is full of oleanders and has seen the proliferation of dense vegetation on the banks and a purely lacustrine fauna , facilitated settlement in its clear waters . How to reach us : From the SS 106 exit to St. Luke. From here you climb and then descend towards the F.ra Buonamico and follow the dirt road that runs alongside . You leave the car in a clearing and continue on foot following the course of the Fiumara . The path is quite easy but it is better to walk early in the morning to avoid the hottest hours of the day , given the few shady shelters .

REGGIO CALABRIA

REGGIO CALABRIA  Apri
Loc. REGGIO CALABRIA, PROVINCE OF REGGIO CALABRIA, ITALY - CALABRIA  Navigatore
39 Km from AREA ARCHEOLOGICA DI CASIGNANA
  Area Messina, Santo Stefano in Aspromonte, Fiumedinisi
Reggio di Calabria, commonly known as Reggio Calabria or Reggio simply, in the South and before the unification of Italy, is an Italian town of 180728 inhabitants, capital of the province. It is the first town in the region in terms of population and the second surface. Unique City metropolitan rank in the region, being one of the 14 Italian metropolitan cities, the leader of an agglomeration of more than 260,000 inhabitants, is the largest functional pole of a polycentric metropolitan area has about 400,000 inhabitants and is part of the extensive and populous conurbation Sicilian and Calabrian Arc called Etna. There are strong historical, cultural and economic relations with the neighbor across the city of Messina. Reggio, along with Naples and Taranto, is home to one of the most important archaeological museums dedicated to Ancient Greece (which houses the famous Riace bronzes, rare example of Greek bronze sculpture, which became one of the symbols of the city), two young universities (the Mediterranean and Dante Alighieri) and the Regional Council of Calabria. It is the first city in the region despite its antiquity and ancient foundation - was an important and thriving colony of Magna Graecia - shows a modern urban layout, due to the catastrophic earthquake that December 28, 1908 destroyed most of the town. Its urban tem, forced to the east by the Strait of Messina and crowned from behind by the foothills of the Apennines, is one of the main economic and regional service but also one of the highest concentrations of nodes and equipment for transport and logistics natural structure the region to the southern coasts of the Mediterranean. The old town, mainly consisting of palaces lines liberty, has a linear development along the Calabrian coast of the strait with parallel streets to the waterfront dotted with magnolias, palms and rare or exotic

BOVA

BOVA  Apri
Loc. BOVA - CALABRIA  Navigatore
18 Km from AREA ARCHEOLOGICA DI CASIGNANA
Altitude: 772 mt. a.s.l.  Area Bova Marina, Casignana, San Luca
The town of Bova (in greek Vu'a) has ancient origins. According to legend, an Armenian queen would have led his people on Mount Vu'a, whose name appears in a clear reference to the presence of the ox, in a land that is used for the grazing of cattle. Things to see From Bova, in a panoramic position 850 meters above sea level, it is possible to embrace with his eyes the whole coast. The village is one of the most important centers of Hellenistic island province of Reggio Calabria and has a long history of which there are many traces in the town. Ancient bishopric, has a cathedral whose original building dates back to the early centuries AD, certainly existed in the fifth, as documented by the signing of Lorenzo Bishop of Bova. Dedicated to Our Lady of the Presentation or Isodi'a, and the result of successive reconstructions and renovations, has a nave and two aisles of a basilica. The most notable works are the Chapel of the Sacrament, built by Sicilian craftsmen specialized in the manufacture of colored marbles inlaid, and the statue of the Madonna Isodi'a and Child, attributed to Rinaldo Bonanno (1584), placed on a marble bench that reproduces the coat of arms of Bova. The excavations have brought to light numerous tombs and the ancient Norman church. The Norman Castle (X-XI century), in ruins, stands on top of a rocky spur. The Norman Tower (XI) was guarding one of the four doors that allowed access to the city. The Church of St. Leo (XVII) has a single nave with side chapels, precious nineteenth-century stucco walls and a sumptuous high altar of the Baroque style polychrome niche in which is a statue of St. Leo the white marble, the work of Peter Bernini (1582). The saint holds an ax in his left hand resting on a route and rump octagonal marble on which is shown - even here - the coat of arms with the ox. Other baroque splendor in the Chapel of the Relics (1722). The Church of the Carmine (XVII) is a pretty chapel belonged to the family Mesiani. The main facade in late-Renaissance style is defined by tall pilasters supporting a cornice with triangular pediments. The stone portal built by local craftsmen place in line to the facade is surmounted by the coat of arms of the family of marble Mesiani. Inside is a fine marble altar.

RIACE BRONZES

RIACE BRONZES  Apri
Loc. REGGIO CALABRIA - CALABRIA  Navigatore
38 Km from AREA ARCHEOLOGICA DI CASIGNANA
Altitude: 25 mt. a.s.l.  Area Messina, Santo Stefano in Aspromonte, Fiumedinisi

The Bronzi di Riace (Italian for Riace bronzes) are two famous full-size Greek bronzes of nude bearded warriors, about 460&430 BCE and currently housed by the Museo Nazionale della Magna Grecia in Reggio Calabria, Italy. The Riace Warriors are respectively termed A and B, where Riace Warrior A is thought to be a depiction of a younger man than that of Riace Warrior B. They were found by Stefano Mariottini, a chemist from Rome, Italy on a scuba diving vacation at Monasterace, on August 16, 1972, perhaps at the site of a shipwreck, off the coast of Riace, near Reggio Calabria. They are major additions to the surviving examples of ancient Greek sculpture (most Greek sculpture is known through later Roman copies in marble). The statues' eyes are inlaid with bone and glass, while the teeth are in silver and lips and nipples are in copper. Formerly they held spears and shields.

ANTONIMINA TERME

ANTONIMINA TERME  Apri
Loc. ANTONIMINA REGGIO CALABRIA, ITALY - CALABRIA  Navigatore
21 Km from AREA ARCHEOLOGICA DI CASIGNANA
  Area Bovalino, San Luca, Casignana
The thermal baths of Antonimina - Locri were already known and appreciated in antiquity. The modern spa complex Antonimina - Locri was built in the late nineteenth century, and recently modernized and expanded. The spa is located in a hilly area a few kilometers from the Ionian Sea and Aspromonte , in an area of great scenic beauty , rich in archaeological sites of great interest and beauty . The thermal waters , also known as holy water Locrian are classified as thermo- , isotonic and slightly sulphurous , ideal for baths, mud baths , aerosol , mist , irrigation, insufflation and showers, beauty treatments, massages and whirlpools . Flow at 35 and are recommended for the treatment of female infertility , for diseases of the respiratory and circulatory tems. The spa also includes tennis courts , soccer, bocce courts , basketball, volleyball, horse riding , dancing and nightclubs , to combine the search for the mental well-being to divertimento.Trattamenti terapici : musculoskeletal disorders , chronic gynecological inflammatory forms and their sequelae that is infiltrative exudative chronic inflammatory diseases of the respiratory tract and ear , skin diseases How to reach us : By car : motorway A3 ( Salerno-Reggio Calabria ) exit Lamezia Terme Catanzaro lido and then follow SS 106 RC ionic direction , a few kilometers from Locri - Gerace. Train: Taranto - Reggio Calabria , Locri Station . By plane: Reggio Calabria Airport ( 99 Km ) and Lamezia Terme ( 132 Km )

BOVA MARINA

BOVA MARINA  Apri
Loc. BOVA MARINA - CALABRIA  Navigatore
24 Km from AREA ARCHEOLOGICA DI CASIGNANA
  Area Bova, Casignana, San Luca
Bova Marina was founded by Monsignor Dalmatius D'Andrea, bishop of Reggio-Bova, when in 1870, bought by the Royal Property, a strip of land Siderone coasting the river and in the middle of the deserted countryside. D'Andrea divided the land acquired by the state, and gave it to the peasants who wanted to get down the mountain, forming a small conurbation. Bova Marina, located on ancient Jewish settlements, Byzantine and grecanici, whose remains are still visible in surrounding areas. In 1908, a Royal Decree was d an independent municipality. In those same years, the railway came. Since the early years of its history, Bova Marina was an attractive business: every month held a big and important trade show of livestock and products made by artisans. During the Second World War Bova Marina was heavily bombed by the Americans in search of Germans fleeing to the mountains. In the postwar period, with the flood that struck the area Bovesia many, especially the residents of Old Roghudi, Bova and other centers in the area, they left their countries and came down to settle in Bova Marina, which saw a significant population increase. In the sixties, was placed on the promontory of Capo San Giovanni d'Avalos, the statue of Our Lady of the Sea, by the sculptor Celestino Petrone (which counts among his works the high altar of the Church of Santa Maria delle Grazie in San Giovanni Rotondo) statue that is highly revered by the people. In 2008, in Bova Marina marks the centenary of the declaration of Common autonomo.Di particular importance, because of its rarity, it is a Jewish settlement, located in the valley of San Pasquale, where there are the remains of an ancient synagogue with a mosaic important ( fourth century AD). In the same area found a large Roman structure (I-IV century AD) and the Byzantine church of the Panagia (called the All-Holy). In places Apa'mbelo, on a hill accessible only by foot, insist the perimeter walls and the apse of the church, which is also the Byzantine St. Niceto the tenth century, with the remains of the Bronze Age and medieval monastic houses. In more recent times, from the Norman Conquest to the front (X-XII century AD), the most important center of the territory became Bova - Chora, perched on a massive cliff 900 meters above sea level, from which the current town in the Navy then again originated. The oldest part of Bova Marina, situated around the present village street, was developed in the nineteenth century, when the Bishop. Dalmazio D'Andrea bought by the state of the land in the vicinity of the River Siderone and granted them free of charge to farmers who agreed to move there.

PEPERONCINO DI CALABRIA

PEPERONCINO DI CALABRIA  Apri
Loc. REGGIO CALABRIA RC, ITALIA - CALABRIA  Navigatore
38 Km from AREA ARCHEOLOGICA DI CASIGNANA
  Area Messina, Santo Stefano in Aspromonte, Fiumedinisi
Hot pepper is a plant (and fruit) belonging to the genus Capsicum (the same bell peppers) of the family Solanaceae. According to some, the Latin name Capsicum is derived from capsa, which means box, and owes its name to the particular shape of the fruit that resembles just a box with the seeds. Others, however, it derives from the greek meaning kapto bite, with clear reference to the spicy bite the tongue when you eat. history The hot pepper was used as food since ancient times. From the testimony of archeology we know that as early as 5500 BC was known in Mexico, present in those areas as a cultivated plant, and it was the only spice used by Indians of Chile and Mexico. In Europe, the chili pepper arrived with Christopher Columbus who brought the Americas with his second voyage in 1493. Then introduced to Europe by the Spanish, was an instant success, but the gains that Spain was expected by the market of the product (such as that of other oriental spices) were disappointing, because the chili is well acclimated to the old continent, spreading in all southern regions in Africa and Asia, and was thus adopted as a spice as well as that part of the population that could not afford to buy cinnamon, nutmeg etc. The fruit was so named because of the similarity in taste (though not in appearance) with pepper. The name by which he was known throughout the New World was chili and so it has remained. species The most common species of chili peppers are: - Capsicum annuum, which includes many common varieties, including red pepper common in Italy, cayenne pepper, and the Mexican jalapeno - Capsicum frutescens, which includes among others the tabasco - Capsicum chinense, which includes the habanero, by the Guinness Book of Records as the hottest chilli in the world - Capsicum pubescens, which includes the South American rocoto - Aji pepper, which includes the so-called bishop's hat Although few species of chili pepper commonly used in Italy, there are many kinds of cultivated plants and many methods to prepare the peppers. Green and red bell, for example, are the same plant, but the greens are immature. The piantapeperoncino Calabria The Capsicum annuum is a perennial shrub that, in terms of climate, is grown as an annual. The plants are in the form of high bush 40 to 80 cm (depending on the species) leaves with light green color. The flowers are white star-shaped with 5-6 petals with pale yellow stamens. The peppers can be grown on a balcony, and is sown to February, while the fruit can be harvested in summer and autumn. Should be used immediately after harvest so that they do not lose their property, but they can also preserve oil or powder (after being dried in the sun). spiciness The main architect of the substance spiciness is the alkaloid capsaicin (8-methyl-N-vanillyl-6-nonenamide or C18H27NO3), together with 4 other related compounds, collectively called capsaicinoids. Capsacinoide Each has a different effect in the mouth, and a change in the proportions of these substances determines the different sensations produced by different varieties, as well as to their content. Capsaicin causes pain and inflammation if consumed in excess, and can even burn your skin if in contact with high concentrations (habanero chilies, for example, are collected with gloves). It is also the main ingredient in pepper spray, used as a non-lethal weapon The hotness of the chillies is measured empirically by the Scoville scale, in degrees from 0 to 10, and quantitatively in Scoville units, based in ppm weight / weight of capsaicin and diidrocapsaicina. The sweet peppers have zero Scoville units, for example, the jalapenos are about 3,000-6,000 Scoville, while the habanero arrive at 300,000 Scoville units. The record for the highest number of Scoville units in a chili pepper was assigned by Guinness Book of Records to 'Red Savina Habanero, measuring 577,000 units. But India came the news of a chili pepper called Naga jolokia should get to 855,000 Scoville units, even though they lack independent verification. The Pure capsaicin is about 16 million units. One of the best ways to relieve the burning sensation is to drink milk, eat yogurt or any dairy product. A substance found in dairy products known as casein acts as a detergent and remove capsaicin from nerve receptors. Capsaicin dissolves very well in fats and alcohol, and also fatty foods or alcoholic beverages help to remove the sensation of pain. At high concentrations, as nell'habanero Red Savina or various extracts, the most effective way is to use ice as an anesthetic.

SPIAGGIA DI BOVALINO

SPIAGGIA DI BOVALINO  Apri
Loc. BOVALINO RC, ITALIA - CALABRIA  Navigatore
9 Km from AREA ARCHEOLOGICA DI CASIGNANA
  Area San Luca, Casignana, Antonimina
One of the most picturesque beaches of the Ionian Reggino is to Bovalino, equipped tourist center and is easily accessible once they arrive in Reggio Calabria through the Jonica. Bovalino Navy has for years now a destination for tourists from various parts of Italy, but still resists the lure of mass tourism. Not that there are not beautiful scenery or equipment for adequate accommodation - as still happens in some places in Calabria - but it is a kind of natural ion of visitors: those looking for crowded beaches and rich facilities for guest's convenience, perhaps with animation, already has his goals in Calabria. Those who choose Bovalino, however, prefer the beautiful sea - a deep blue and the admirable transparency - and the white beaches that Calabria has to offer with citrus framed by delicate colors and intense perfumes. For some years there are bathing establishments with the beaches and private beaches. Most of the coast of Bovalino, however, is still free, ideal for those who love a place that knows how to provide entertainment but also an opportunity to find a quiet corner.

MONASTERACE SITO ARCHEOLOGICO DI CAULONIA

MONASTERACE SITO ARCHEOLOGICO DI CAULONIA  Apri
Loc. CAULONIA - CALABRIA  Navigatore
44 Km from AREA ARCHEOLOGICA DI CASIGNANA
Altitude: 134 mt. a.s.l.  Area Monasterace Marina, Stilo, Serra San Bruno
Monasterace Archaeological Site Caulonia HISTORY The ancient name of Caulonia was Castrum Vetus . The city stood in a panoramic position along the valley of the river Allaro . Along with Gerace and Stilo , is one of the most beautiful historical centers of Ionian Calabria . The ancient Caulonia has been identified in the area between Punta Stilo and Monasterace Marina, where in 1890 the architect Paolo Orsi has found the remains of a Doric temple of the great fifth century . C. perhaps dedicated to Apollo Katharsios . ARCHAEOLOGICAL FINDS Outside the town walls , 200 m to the south -west , stood the sanctuary of Passoliera , of which Paolo Orsi unearthed only a few architectural terracotta , relevant to different stages , ranging from the late sixth and mid- fifth century BC ( now in the Museum of Reggio Calabria ) also come from this area some ceramic fragments , the end of the eighth BC, confirming the hypothesis of a high chronology for the origins of the city. Even the temple located on the hill of the lighthouse of the archaic age , there are only a few traces of the cover. Much more significant are the remains of a large Doric temple ( 450 BC) , peripteral in antis (6 x 14 columns) , whose base in sandstone is still clearly visible today on the beach ( 41.20 x 18.20 m ) ; Among the homes we report the House of the Dragon , investigated by De Franciscis in 1960 , named for the figurative polychrome mosaic with marine monster which decorated a room. Finally, remember that in 1982 , on the sea front , were spotted a few drums of columns , perhaps related to a moment of dispossession .

Excursions and attractions in CALABRIA close to CASIGNANA San Luca Bovalino Bova: 'SANTO STEFANO IN APROMONTE'   'BOVALINO'   'SPIAGGIA DI BOVA MARINA'   'LAGO COSTANTINO'   'REGGIO CALABRIA'   'BOVA'   'RIACE BRONZES'   'ANTONIMINA TERME'   'BOVA MARINA'   'PEPERONCINO DI CALABRIA'   'SPIAGGIA DI BOVALINO'   'MONASTERACE SITO ARCHEOLOGICO DI CAULONIA'  

CALABRIA


Calabria is on the tip of the boot, the extreme south of Italy, lapped by the splendid crystal blue Ionian and Tyrrhenian Seas and separated from Sicily by the Strait of Messina. The warm climate, the beautiful colours of the sea, rocky coasts alternated to sandy beaches, the wild and mysterious nature, the strong and genuine flavours of local food and the vestiges of its ancient origins make Calabria a unique place to admire both in winter and summer. Any wish can be fulfilled. Those who love nature, its scents and mysteries, can explore the Calabrian hinterland, discovering pure and unpolluted sceneries, where huge green belts alternate with blue lakes and falls. On the other hand, those who prefer basking in the warm rays of the sun and dive into a crystal-clear sea can choose from the many charming towns along the long Tyrrhenian and Ionian coasts. Instead those who prefer to learn about the past of this region, Calabria, the cradle of Magna Graecia and land of ancient settlements, offers a wide choice of churches, monasteries, castles, palaces and places where age-long traditions still survive. The provinces of Calabria are: Catanzaro (regional capital), Reggio Calabria, Cosenza, Crotone and Vibo Valentia.