Loc. MONASTERACE MARINA RC, ITALIA - CALABRIA
19 Km from FORESTA DI FERDINANDEA
Area Caulonia, Stilo, Sant'Andrea Apostolo dello Ionio
On Kaulon have collected thousands of artifacts that are kept in the National Museum of Reggio Calabria and in the Archaeological Museum of Monasterace Marina near the Doric Temple. Among the finds a special note to the coins. Kaulon was the first in the world to mint coins in silver. The findings also confirm an excellent manufactory. The silver coinage was mined in the valley now called internal Stilaro, also known in modern times for the mines from which was extracted molybdenum. The temple of Passoliera, of which you can see by the findings, and a reconstruction in the National Museum of Reggio Calabria, was equipped with multiple tiles with recessed rack. On a graphic reconstruction of Paolo Orsi. Escaped the predators of art, given the neglect that has protracted the archaeological site of Kaulon, a series of vases, plates decorated with large and arule votive temple. Above un'arula with two sphinxes. In the archaeological Kaulon, demonstrating a culture that has lasted for centuries, was found a floor designed with a dragon of a later period than the Greek, now kept in the museums of Reggio Calabria. The work that DRAKON is of great archaeological and artistic interest. And 'the findings representative of the entire archaeological area of Monasterace.
L 'Oasi WWF Angitola Lake is a wetland of international importance , a fundamental step of a ' major migration route of birds.
The Oasis Angitola Lake is located in a Site of Community Importance in the towns of Monterosso Calabro and Maierato ( Vv ) .
The area covers approximately 875 acres and includes an artificial lake on the river Angitola that provides a safe haven to many species of birds. Despite the threats to natural environments , in this territory is born a WWF Oasis where the alternation of landscapes creates a wealth of unique biodiversity .
Artificial lake located about three kilometers from the sea, along an important migration route of birds.
E ' surrounded for the most part by riparian vegetation and pine reforestation .
Present olive groves and stretches to the Mediterranean. The extension of 875 hectares including 196 hectares of water).
Flora and fauna
Along the shores , white willow and alder blacks , followed by the implantation of artificial pine forest of Aleppo pine . The amphibious vegetation is represented soprattuttodal tifeto and reeds ( reeds ) Interesting strips of cork with essences of the Mediterranean .
Ducks and coots , along with cormorants, regularly winter in the reservoir. Among the first remember the mallard, teal, wigeon, pochard .
During periods of migration you can see different species of herons ( heron from that , more common , the little egret, great egret as rare ) , various shorebirds ( like the knight of Italy ) and, among birds of prey, the osprey . The great crested grebe , breeding and stationary , is the symbol of the oasis.
Loc. SANT'ANDREA APOSTOLO DELLO IONIO CATANZARO, ITALY - CALABRIA
18 Km from FORESTA DI FERDINANDEA
Area Sant'Andrea Apostolo dello Ionio, Serra San Bruno, Stilo
St. Andrew the Apostle of the Ionian Sea is a town of 2,111 inhabitants in the province of Catanzaro. The boundaries of the town are to the north by the river Alaca .
To the east by the Ionian Sea, on the south by the river Salu'bro and to the west by the foothills of the Apennines and the Calabrian mountains Lancina , Mancipa , Pecoraro .
The village lies in the hills of La Maddalena, Lipantana and Carasia .
It is said that the first nucleus of the town dates back around the year one thousand and would have been born around the modest home of a herdsman , a native of Badolato, named Adriano . News partly historical and partly altered combined with fantastic inventions popular report that the herdsman Adriano bring his flock to pasture toward the area of the country.
When winter was unable to return to Badolato for the floods of the river Salubro stopped at a hut that had been built .
The hut was to become , later, a modest home and around this house would arise other houses to form a small house , the first nucleus of today Andrew .
A group of high-mountainous landscape and natural value
Le Serre constitute a mountain range rather complex high-value natural landscape, which is welded to the south by the Aspromonte massif. It is on the floor geomorphology of two long and opposite mountain ranges (Monte Covello, Cucco and Monte Pecoraro) that run almost parallel along the chain of the Apennines. The geological nature of the Serre is essentially crystalline widespread presence of granite, porphyry, serpentine, quartz diorites, etc.., Clearly visible from the highest pinnacles down to the final stretches of the waterways. Geographical features of the Serre are also gullies that mainly affect northern and eastern sides of the mountain sub-bands.
One of the most picturesque beaches of the Ionian Reggino is to Bovalino, equipped tourist center and is easily accessible once they arrive in Reggio Calabria through the Jonica. Bovalino Navy has for years now a destination for tourists from various parts of Italy, but still resists the lure of mass tourism. Not that there are not beautiful scenery or equipment for adequate accommodation - as still happens in some places in Calabria - but it is a kind of natural ion of visitors: those looking for crowded beaches and rich facilities for guest's convenience, perhaps with animation, already has his goals in Calabria. Those who choose Bovalino, however, prefer the beautiful sea - a deep blue and the admirable transparency - and the white beaches that Calabria has to offer with citrus framed by delicate colors and intense perfumes. For some years there are bathing establishments with the beaches and private beaches. Most of the coast of Bovalino, however, is still free, ideal for those who love a place that knows how to provide entertainment but also an opportunity to find a quiet corner.
Area Monasterace Marina, Caulonia, Serra San Bruno
Stylus (Stilu in Calabria, Stylon in greek-Calabria) is an Italian town of 2,655 inhabitants in the province of Reggio Calabria, in Calabria, and ed in the circuit of The most beautiful villages in Italy. The origins of Stilo are related to the destruction during the greek by Dionysius of Syracuse City Kaulon. According to Apollinaris Agresta (Life of St. John Therestis, 1677), was built in less than 3 different places, including the first time in the promontory of Cocinto, now Punta Stilo, always in the middle ages in this area to the right of the river Assi and finally on the Mount Consoles. In the beginning it was a walled city, a Roman by the name of Magna Graecia Consilinum or greek Kosilinon. Stylus during the period of the Roman Empire was considered the low Kaulonia Italiot and subsequently changed its name to Stilida.
The name comes from the Stilida Stilaro river, the shape of the promontory stretched and column of the temple of Jupiter Omorio. Given the Itinerarium Antonianum a train traveling just 400 steps from Locri. The battle took place between the Saracen ships Nasar and in 880 Byzantine ships, off the coast of Calabria. This town was then called Columns in greek Steilai. Stilida became part of the Byzantine Empire in the sixth century. Stilida was located near Punta Stilo to the right of the river Assi. On July 15, the 982 suffered damage as a result of a battle between Otto II and the Arab-Byzantine, won by the latter. It will be along the course of the Middle Ages that the inhabitants of the coast will live ever more inward, creating the medieval cores of the current countries of the Valley of the Stilo; as the inhabitants of Stilida that will move on Mount Consoles and only a third time where he is today Stilo. In the ninth century was built the Cattolica of Stilo. Between 1065 and 1071 Stylus resisting the Norman invasion. At the time it was called oppidum, ie fortified town with city walls. There were five gates: Porta Stefanina, Porta Terra, Port Royal, Port Scanza them Gutti and Port Cacari. With the Norman period Stylus becomes Royal Property unlike other cities like Cotrone, Catanzaro and Gerace owned by feudal lords. Retain this privilege until the fourteenth century when Charles V of Spain revoke the privileges.
Loc. ANTONIMINA REGGIO CALABRIA, ITALY - CALABRIA
32 Km from FORESTA DI FERDINANDEA
Area Bovalino, San Luca, Casignana
The thermal baths of Antonimina - Locri were already known and appreciated in antiquity. The modern spa complex Antonimina - Locri was built in the late nineteenth century, and recently modernized and expanded.
The spa is located in a hilly area a few kilometers from the Ionian Sea and Aspromonte , in an area of great scenic beauty , rich in archaeological sites of great interest and beauty .
The thermal waters , also known as holy water Locrian are classified as thermo- , isotonic and slightly sulphurous , ideal for baths, mud baths , aerosol , mist , irrigation, insufflation and showers, beauty treatments, massages and whirlpools . Flow at 35 ° and are recommended for the treatment of female infertility , for diseases of the respiratory and circulatory tems.
The spa also includes tennis courts , soccer, bocce courts , basketball, volleyball, horse riding , dancing and nightclubs , to combine the search for the mental well-being to divertimento.Trattamenti terapici :
musculoskeletal disorders , chronic gynecological inflammatory forms and their sequelae that is infiltrative exudative chronic inflammatory diseases of the respiratory tract and ear , skin diseases
How to reach us :
By car : motorway A3 ( Salerno-Reggio Calabria ) exit Lamezia Terme Catanzaro lido and then follow SS 106 RC ionic direction , a few kilometers from Locri - Gerace.
Train: Taranto - Reggio Calabria , Locri Station .
By plane: Reggio Calabria Airport ( 99 Km ) and Lamezia Terme ( 132 Km )
Loc. MONASTERACE REGGIO CALABRIA, ITALY - CALABRIA
16 Km from FORESTA DI FERDINANDEA
Altitude: 134 mt. a.s.l. Area Monasterace Marina, Stilo, Serra San Bruno
Monasterace Archaeological Site Caulonia
The ancient name of Caulonia was Castrum Vetus . The city stood in a panoramic position along the valley of the river Allaro . Along with Gerace and Stilo , is one of the most beautiful historical centers of Ionian Calabria . The ancient Caulonia has been identified in the area between Punta Stilo and Monasterace Marina, where in 1890 the architect Paolo Orsi has found the remains of a Doric temple of the great fifth century . C. perhaps dedicated to Apollo Katharsios .
Outside the town walls , 200 m to the south -west , stood the sanctuary of Passoliera , of which Paolo Orsi unearthed only a few architectural terracotta , relevant to different stages , ranging from the late sixth and mid- fifth century BC ( now in the Museum of Reggio Calabria ) also come from this area some ceramic fragments , the end of the eighth BC, confirming the hypothesis of a high chronology for the origins of the city. Even the temple located on the hill of the lighthouse of the archaic age , there are only a few traces of the cover. Much more significant are the remains of a large Doric temple ( 450 BC) , peripteral in antis (6 x 14 columns) , whose base in sandstone is still clearly visible today on the beach ( 41.20 x 18.20 m ) ; Among the homes we report the House of the Dragon , investigated by De Franciscis in 1960 , named for the figurative polychrome mosaic with marine monster which decorated a room. Finally, remember that in 1982 , on the sea front , were spotted a few drums of columns , perhaps related to a moment of dispossession .
Between Tropea and Capo Vaticano, in the resort of Santa Sunday fall is the beautiful Bay of Statues. A charming beach surrounded by stacked walls of yellow sandstone, rich in fossils. To reach this paradise must pass following the signs to Tropea Capo Vaticano, and continuing on the road, be alert to indications Bay Riaci, we will be faced with an intersection, where there is precisely the sign Bay Riaci . Taking the road, we are a bit 'higher than sea level, go down past the houses, and you will reach the coast, where there is a magnificent view of the sea, reached after a few hundred meters.
Altitude: 463 mt. a.s.l. Area Vibo Marina, Monterosso Calabro, Tropea
The territory of the province of Vibo Valentia extends from the Tyrrhenian Sea to the mountains of Serre. Vibo Valentia is located in the southwestern portion of Calabria and enjoys a panoramic position, from Sila mountains to the north, the summit of Mount Etna and the plain of Gioia Tauro to the south and the Tyrrhenian coast with the tip of Tropea in the West. Vibo Valentia became the provincial capital in 1992. Originally it was called Vibo Valentia Veip (gulf) that inhabited by Italic Oscan and that the new conquerors of Locri turned into Hipponion in sec. VII BC In 389 BC the city was defeated by Syracuse and became a Roman municipium in 89 BC when it acquired its present name of Vibo Valentia. The city was torn apart by various invasions of the Saracens up to the looting of the 983 which marked a long period of decline. With the conquest by the Normans in the eleventh century began to flourish again becoming an important military center. In the following centuries it was conquered by the French and then by the Bourbons, who were finally driven out by the troops Garibaldine in 1860.
Area Faro Capo Vaticano, Vibo Marina, Vibo Valentia
Defined as ' the pearl of the Tyrrhenian Sea ' , Tropea is one of the most renowned centers of Calabria and the Coast of the Gods . It is one of the places most frequented by Italian and foreign tourists .
Discovered by famous travelers in the past centuries , he knew very well known around the world for its extraordinary natural and architectural beauty . The old part of the city is situated on a terrace overlooking the sea , in front of which lies the island with the ancient Benedictine sanctuary of S. Maria Island , which is the symbol of the city. Under the island opens up a passage - The cave of the Diver- connecting the beach with that of the Rotunda Linguata .
The beach of the Rotunda is one of the most beautiful beaches of Tropea and bounded from the rock of San Leonardo and boulders that separate it from another small beach .
The Beach ' to Linguata is one of the largest beaches of Tropea , bordered on the left with the island and to the right with the Reefs mixes . Very wide and long , it is the favorite beach boys and those who practice diving thanks to the proximity of the Island of Rocks . The beach consists of white sand and the sea bottom is covered, for the first 5 meters from a rock large and compact.
Left of the islet is the beach of the Island Marina whose size is quite small , it is recommended to circumnavigate the island and reach the Cave Diver . From this beach side, each on August 15 , a procession of the Madonna in the sea.
Another beautiful beach is the beach of the Convent , so named for the presence of a convent which partially overhangs creating a picturesque setting . The beach is composed of white sand.
At about 1 km from the town is the beach Step Knights , by far the largest, a favorite destination for foreign tourists and an ideal place for scuba diving . The beach is composed , also in this case , white sand.
The smallest of the beaches, but also the least crowded of the coast Tropeano , is the Cannon Beach .
Tropea has a modern marina equipped with every comfort , located a short distance from the historic center . From the harbor the boats expert sailors are available to tourists to allow him to visit the entire Coast of the Gods
Bovalino overlooks the Ionian coast and is one of the many landmarks of the tourists who choose Calabria. Remarkable development of the beach. In addition there is Bovalino Bovalino Superiore, at a height of about 150 meters. Bovalino Superior contains the castle built by Count Roger de Hauteville said Norman after the Norman conquest of southern Italy (1059); was once a majestic royal castle for the administration of the territory and was given to the family Conclubet, gentlemen d'Arena, Stilo and Gerace. The first lord was Fulcone Ruffo, these seguirno: Caracciolo, De Pol, Centelles, Pignatelli, Gagliardi, Marullo, Galeota, Loffredo, Orsini, Vitale, Del Negro, Spinelli, Caracciolo, and finally the Pescara Diano which kept up the feud the abolition of feudalism (1806). Today the castle remains only as a witness to some abandoned ruin.
Loc. CASTELLO NORMANNO, VIA, 0, STILO REGGIO DI CALABRIA, ITALIA - CALABRIA
8 Km from FORESTA DI FERDINANDEA
Area Monasterace Marina, Caulonia, Serra San Bruno
Castle stylus or simply by Norman Castle is a Norman castle built in Stilo in Calabria by Roger II of Sicily on Mount Consoles eleventh century. The castle has a triangular towers except those around the fort which have a circular shape and are provided with loopholes. A tower is called Hauteville. The central area of the castle was a church-chapel with an altar and 4 main altar adjacent to the walls of the room. The collection of rainwater occurred with pipes and earthenware tiles faced and with a tank positioned below the central building. You enter the castle through a path from the place where there is a Catholic, another monument that is famous Stilo; and following the path that leads to the 14 Stations of the Cross, after which you can see the castle, of which the side walls are now visible, and along a short stretch you arrive at your destination. An alternative route part of the cemetery nearby access to stylus, you walk down a wide path to the top asphalt and dirt which then makes several turns. Towards the end, the path narrows and you walk in single file until you come to a fork, take the right path which gradually widens until you reach the open space in front of the main gate of the castle. Before you arrive you see on the right (towards the sea) the remains of several towers. It is said of Charles of Anjou which is cut off the hands and feet to hundreds of Stilo, imprisoned after the uprising of the village and taken up after an escape attempt. The rebels die in horrible dungeons of the castle bled: as far as we know, the only prison in the world it would be useless to lock because it was dug just below the walls, in a dizzying wall of five hundred feet above the opposite side to that of the village. It came and it went out, so, through a single opening only when it was hoisted or lowered from a rope. Or you jumped into the void to die smashed, but having put an end to torture. Very few came back alive from the prison of the castle. But among these was a noble matron named Regina, who was said in the village that he had for a magic hen of gold, and able to make every day a golden egg yet. The rogue governor Coast Peloga encircles the woman who wants to tear the secret, but she does not speak and the bully is beaten bloody placing her in the castle. The grandson of her Condomicita Coast, is to know and to Croton, where the court of Duke returns to Stylus sending respectfully rich gifts to the governor as if nothing had happened. But after thirteen accords with friends, invited to the sumptuous feast: when they get up from the table, the plot is already hatched. At dawn, the conspirators are presented to the governor's palace and the guards have just opened the door burst into the bedroom of him raising his daggers. With a leap, the hapless reaches the window and throws up an embankment trying to save himself by fleeing but is reached, bound and presented to the people from the hands of death after which he received the worst outrages. Costa Condomicita is elected governor, the matron will be released. And the record does not say anything about the miraculous hen to the little people harbored the golden eggs, but for someone that can read symbols perhaps hiding some other secret and even more valuable.
In an area (Fosso Suvarella, Cotruzzo, Ditch Scorciacapre, Santoregno, Square and Rotondone) who had already seen the human presence in distant times (Paleolithic and Neolithic times, but especially during the Bronze Age), the Greek settlers, led the second tradition, Athenian hero Menesteo or, as Cassiodorus says, by Ulysses, who was returning from the Trojan War, they established the city of Skylletion currently known only from a few archaeological data sicuri.Mentre historical sources refer at least the eighth century BC ), the archaeological remains recovered so far in Roccelletta (a fragment of black-figure pottery, Attic rims of bowls and cups ion) testify to the existence of the settlement at the greek river Corax (where was the port?) at least the sixth century BC Of Skylletion when you do not know the extent and character planning, as there was superimposed later Roman colony, but it was certainly important for the control of the short street isthmus between the Ionian and Tyrrhenian seas and for the control of maritime traffic routes. Its vitality to the IV-III century. B.C. is documented by ceramic fragments recovered in the city and the territory, as well as from coins (from the sixth to the third sec.a .C.), a sign of the vitality of the daily trading even during the Italian occupation (Brettii). After a period of crisis (Flavian era), between 96 and 98 AD Emperor Nerva (Nerva photo) decided to strengthen the city ricolonizzandola. It took the name of Colonia Augusta Minervia Nervia Scolacium (only used in official documents and in public inions) and with careful planning policy and public housing was brought about the restructuring of the existing monuments and created new public works, with a program of comprehensive lasted until the second century, under the Emperor Antoninus Pius. After attending a discontinuous between eighth and eleventh century, on the site formerly occupied by the city, the Normans tried to build a magnificent abbey, Santa Maria della Roccella. But the time was not right and the building was not completed, so that in the following century it served as a fortress and, in the sixteenth century, placed under the floor of the towers of the coastal defense of the Spanish viceroy.
Excursions and attractions in CALABRIA close to FERDINANDEA, STILO REGGIO DI CALABRIA, ITALY Serra San Bruno Caulonia Sant'Andrea Apostolo dello Ionio:
'AREA ARCHEOLOGICA DI MONASTERACE MARINA'
'WWF: OASI LAGO DELL'ANGITOLA'
'SANT'ANDREA APOSTOLO DELLO IONIO'
'PARCO NATURALE REGIONALE DELLE SERRE'
'SPIAGGIA DI BOVALINO'
'MONASTERACE SITO ARCHEOLOGICO DI CAULONIA'
'BAIA DI RIACI'
'PARCO ARCHEOLOGICO DI SCOLACIUM'
Calabria is on the tip of the boot, the extreme south of Italy, lapped by the splendid crystal blue Ionian and Tyrrhenian Seas and separated from Sicily by the Strait of Messina. The warm climate, the beautiful colours of the sea, rocky coasts alternated to sandy beaches, the wild and mysterious nature, the strong and genuine flavours of local food and the vestiges of its ancient origins make Calabria a unique place to admire both in winter and summer.
Any wish can be fulfilled. Those who love nature, its scents and mysteries, can explore the Calabrian hinterland, discovering pure and unpolluted sceneries, where huge green belts alternate with blue lakes and falls.
On the other hand, those who prefer basking in the warm rays of the sun and dive into a crystal-clear sea can choose from the many charming towns along the long Tyrrhenian and Ionian coasts. Instead those who prefer to learn about the past of this region, Calabria, the cradle of Magna Graecia and land of ancient settlements, offers a wide choice of churches, monasteries, castles, palaces and places where age-long traditions still survive.
The provinces of Calabria are: Catanzaro (regional capital), Reggio Calabria, Cosenza, Crotone and Vibo Valentia.
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Point of Interest: PARK NATURALISTIC SITE
FORESTA DI FERDINANDEA
FERDINANDEA, STILO REGGIO DI CALABRIA, ITALY - CALABRIA - ITALIA
Area Serra San Bruno Caulonia Sant'Andrea Apostolo dello Ionio
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