Loc. SPERLINGA EN, ITALIA - SICILIA
29 Km from B&B DONJON
Area Nicosia, Agira, Enna
Sperlinga (Sperrenga in Gallo-Italic Spillinga in Sicilian) is an Italian town of 896 inhabitants of the province of Enna in Sicily. The town is part of the circuit of the most beautiful towns in Italy. It is located between the Nebrodi and the Madonie, in the heart of central Sicily, 47 kilometers from Enna. Already defined as a royal residence rock carved into a giant mass of sandstone, Sperlinga etymologically derives from the greek and means cavern cave. The district is characterized by numerous caves carved into the sandstone. Sperlinga is attested as a castrum (and therefore village with castle structures) in a document of 1239. The history of Sperlinga is identified with the history of the families who owned the castle and outbuildings feuds, the Ventimiglia, the Natoli and Oneto. The town, originally a feudal village at the foot of the medieval castle Norman, has expanded from 1597 onwards, when King Philip II granted to John Natoli, the title of prince of Sperlinga, and the privilege to be able to fabricate lands. The Natoli he built the church dedicated to St. John the Baptist outside the walls of the Castle, whose first parish records are dated 1612. The son Francis gave the castle and property to Oneto, Dukes of Sperlinga, in 1658. In the district Capostra' in July 1943, was the famous photo taken by Robert Capa that has become a world-wide symbol of the Allied landings. Included those of Contrada Rossa, Cicera, Perciata, Grotta Vecchia, and within the town that the Dodge dug in front row and overlaid with picturesque streets that together form a rock town, where, every year, the August 16, we celebrate the Festival of Tortone. This folk event is the distribution and tasting local foods typical expression of the best and most genuine culinary tradition of the place. At the center of the proposed food richly laid the delicious Tortone. In the earlier days, the various districts of the country, each represented by a Lady, will compete in various games. The lady in the ward who obtained the highest score is elected Castellana Sperlinga. On August 16, the Castellana, along with other countries Gallo-Italic, participates in the parade, made up of many characters, in period costume, parade along the streets of the country. A jury will elect the Lady countries Gallo-Italic. The evening in the Piazza Castello is cheered by representations of historical events, fireworks, singing and dancing. The castle of Sperlinga is a rare example of castle rock, partly dug into the rock and dating back to the period prior to the Sicilians pre-Greek (XII-VIII century BC), partly built on the same rock, around the year 1080. It is was home to the principles of Ventimiglia until 1597, then the principles of Sperlinga Natoli (1598 to 1658) and then the Duke of Sperlinga Oneto (1658-1861), the last of which gave it in perpetual lease to Baron Nunzio Nicosia, whose descendants donated it to the town of Sperlinga in 1973. it is famous the written posthumously in Latin carved arch pointed arch in the entrance hall of the castle, the Prince's Castle John Natoli: QUOD Siculis placuit SOLA SPERLINGA negavit, that is written posthumously linked to the events of the Sicilian Vespers (1282) when a French garrison of Anjou barricaded himself inside the castle and withstood the siege for over a year.