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il piccolo attico - excursions points of interest attractions in caltagirone

 BED AND BREAKFAST IL PICCOLO ATTICO

BED AND BREAKFAST
IL PICCOLO ATTICO

Excursions, points of interest and attractions close to CALTAGIRONE San Cono Niscemi Mazzarrone

VILLA DEL CASALE

VILLA DEL CASALE  Apri
Loc. STRADA PROVINCIALE 90, PIAZZA ARMERINA, ENNA, ITALY - SICILIA  Navigatore
22 Km from IL PICCOLO ATTICO
Altitude: 573 mt. a.s.l.  Area San Cono, Aidone, Pietraperzia
  Brochure PDF
The Villa del Casale is a rural estate of the late Roman ruins of which are situated on the outskirts of Piazza Armerina (EN) , in Sicily. Since 1997 is part of the UNESCO World Heritage Site . In the famous mosaics of the villa worked African craftsmen (and possibly Roman , as evidenced by some reasons derivation definitely urban) for a set of about 3500 mē . Each of the four cores of the villa is arranged according to its own axis directional . However all axes converge at the center of the basin of the quadrangular peristyle . Despite the apparent asymmetry planimetric , the villa is therefore the result of a project and organic unit that builds on the current models of the time in private villa (villa with peristyle with apsidal hall and dining tricora ) , we introduced a series of changes that can to confer originality and extraordinary monumentality whole complex. The unit of the building is also evidenced by the functionality of the inside and the division between public and private parties . The timing of construction, were initially evaluated in a period of fifty to eighty years, and then reduced to about five to ten years. Today we tend to believe in a short duration of the work. The function of the salt is almost always suggested by allusions in the floor mosaics . The division into three distinct nuclei , also from the point of view of the axes , and materially divided permitted uses separated , without the risk of confusion or rumors . The great feature of the research was linked to an exaggerated perspective effects and floor plans with curved lines (especially in the spa and in the triclinium south). The succession vestibulo- court - narthex - apse , already in use during the Late Roman Empire courtly architecture ( such as the Basilica of Constantine in Trier ) , with a significant interchangeability of the tem will be resumed as Christian basilicas (ancient basilica of St. Peter in Vatican ) and, later , the Arab mosques . The villa pavilions or core is not an isolated type in Piazza Armerina , but as well as being documented in another Sicilian villa in Noto, has precise correspondences villas in African and owes its original model to the Villa Adriana Tivoli .

FICODINDIA DI SAN CONO D.O.P.

FICODINDIA DI SAN CONO D.O.P.  Apri
Loc. SAN CONO - SICILIA  Navigatore
14 Km from IL PICCOLO ATTICO
  Area Piazza Armerina, Caltagirone, Aidone
Among the distinctive features of the 'Ficodindia di San Cono' remember the large size of the fruit, the peel from the intense and deep colors, a very delicate scent and taste very sweet. The sweetness and size of the fruit, compared to other production areas of Sicily, appear to be distinctive because of the important parameters related to the peculiarity of the geographical area. The production area of 'Ficodindia di San Cono' includes the territory located at an altitude of between 200 and 600 meters above sea level, in the municipalities of San Cono (CT), San Michele di Ganzaria (CT), Piazza Armerina (EN and Mazzarino (CL ). The particular characteristics of 'Ficodindia di San Cono' develop thanks to the perfect combination of environmental and human factors that characterize the area of production. In fact, the area is equipped with special features, such as altitude and orographic that are essential elements in determining the particular conditions of intensity and quality of light radiation, of alternating cycles of wetting-drying epicarp fruit and the daily temperature, especially during fruit ripening.

PIAZZA ARMERINA

PIAZZA ARMERINA  Apri
Loc. PIAZZA ARMERINA - SICILIA  Navigatore
21 Km from IL PICCOLO ATTICO
Altitude: 687 mt. a.s.l.  Area Aidone, San Cono, Caltagirone
Piazza Armerina is located on a hill south of the mountains Erei , in central Sicily , almost 700 meters above sea level and within walking distance from Enna . E ' in the middle of a vast archaeological area classic , has been inhabited since prehistoric times, at least the seventh century . B.C. onwards. We have no available documents of the time of the Norman conquest in Sicily that we can illuminate the Square Byzantine and Arab possibly pre-existing . Its history is linked to that of the Norman conquest from 1061 when the blond Nordic warriors , besieged Messina after Enna ( not being able to take ) and facing harsh battles on the river Ditta'ino and Cerami . Gaufredus Malaterra , monaco at St. Agatha of Catania and Norman chronicler , in the work of Roger De rebus gestis Calabriae et Siciliae Comitis , described in detail the route of the army in the company of Norman Sicily , and appointed some areas of our territory which probably passed the Count, as Anaor and Naurcium (probably Naone and Mountain of March ), but no document that shows the name of Piazza , however, begins to appear, such as the Latin name platia or Placia or the greek Platza in diplomatic around 1122, while the Arabic name Iblatasah appears in two of Simon Aleramico diplomas , one in 1141 and the other 1148 . The Aragonese Castle was built at the end of 1300, the days of King Martin I of Aragon, who lived there for a long time , while the old castle , which was located on the opposite end of the hill, was dismantled and sold to the Franciscans to build an convent . Of the original building , elevated significantly in height in order to triple rooms, there remain only two rooms . The monuments, churches, ancient buildings, the Sicilian Baroque style that adorns them , makes a splendid city of Piazza Armerina Art . Walking through the streets of the historic center , you have the feeling of reliving the ancient splendor . Among the archaeological sites of interest, the Villa Romana del Casale, a UNESCO World Heritage site that dates back to the late third century AD Beautifully decorated with beautiful mosaics , was discovered in the late 1800s before being fully brought to light in the mid- 900.

RAGUSANO DOP

RAGUSANO DOP  Apri
Loc. RAGUSA - SICILIA  Navigatore
39 Km from IL PICCOLO ATTICO
  Area Modica, Giarratana, Zappulla
  Brochure PDF
Ragusano, historically called caciocavallo (in Sicilian Cosacavaddu), is an Italian cheese PDO (Protected Designation of Origin). This dairy excellence, in 1955, was recognized as a typical product from DPR n. Of 30 October 1269, in 1995 he obtained the designation of origin (Decree of May 2) and, the following year, it acquired the Community recognition of the PDO, losing the historic designation of Caciocavallo. The name apparently derives from the ancient habit of hanging forms riding a stick placed horizontally. Is produced in the province of Ragusa and in the province of Syracuse with the towns of Rosolini, Noto and Palazzolo Acreide, with milk from cows of the breed Modica. Ragusano is a semi-hard cheese made of spun paste made exclusively with milk from cows. Manufactured in compliance with the rules of production (measure of 29 July 2003 of the Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry). The cheese is shaped like a parallelepiped with a square section with rounded corners. The weight of each shape is between 10 and 16 kilograms. The crust is thin, smooth, sharp straw color. The forms can be surface treated with substances transparent, free of dyes. The paste is homogeneous compact with slight holes, white or pale yellow load outside and less load inside. The taste is aromatic, pleasant, fuse in the mouth, usually mild and sweet when the cheese is young, becoming spicy advanced maturity. The content of fat in the dry matter is not less than 38%

SITO ARCHEOLOGICO DI GELA

SITO ARCHEOLOGICO DI GELA  Apri
Loc. GELA - SICILIA  Navigatore
30 Km from IL PICCOLO ATTICO
  Area Niscemi, Licata, San Cono
According to Thucydides, the foundation of Gela (ancient Lindioi) was the work of Rhodium-Cretans led by Antifemo and Entimo we are in the year 689 BC The first inhabitants, after fierce battles with pre-existing populations, began to penetrate into the interior. Going across the river Gela began the process of Hellenization who later involved other nearby villages (Ariaiton, Maktorion and Omphake, the current Butera). Gela reached its peak between the sixth and fifth centuries BC emerged as a dominant center greek. Under the tyrants Cleander, Hippocrates and Gelon assuming an important political and military, in opposition to block the Carthaginian who ruled western Sicily. With the revolt of 450 BC for autonomy from Greece, Gela began to take the road of decline. After a period of stagnation, was finally destroyed by the Carthaginians and the Agrigentini around 280 BC Gela in the neighborhood are many archaeological sites, evidence of a long period of time from the Age of the copper comes to the Middle Ages. The Hill Molino a Vento is a Neolithic necropolis with graves round. Of particular interest is the acropolis of the Greek city, with its sacred buildings, the walls of the sixth century BC, the dwellings. Return Sopranos you can see the walls of the fort, built by Timoleon in the fourth century BC To the outside world, outside the city walls, shrines dedicated to the gods Demeter and Kore and the Hellenistic quarter of the fourth century BC with public toilets. Bitalemi and Piano Notaro buildings are tombs and the ruins of suburban sanctuaries. Finally, we must mention Manfria, presenting evidence of the Bronze Age, stages of rhodium-Cretans and the Middle Ages (the same name is famous lookout tower). The specimens collected during this century in the various archaeological sites mentioned above, are kept in the Archaeological Museum of Molino a Vento. Very well known are the Corinthian vases of the seventh and sixth centuries BC, the antefixes mask sileniche and Gorgon, the sacred statues depicting Demeter and Kore, the fragments of Attic pottery. Very interesting is the Horsehead fifth century BC, forming a decorative acroterial. Several are also objects of gold and silver, as a fan earrings and other jewelry found in large quantities in various buildings tomb.

RISERVA NATURALE ORIENTATA PANTALICA, VALLE DELL'ANAPO, TORRENTE CAVA GRANDE

RISERVA NATURALE ORIENTATA PANTALICA, VALLE DELL'ANAPO, TORRENTE CAVA GRANDE  Apri
Loc. RISERVA NATURALE ORIENTATA PANTALICA, VALLE DELL'ANAPO, TORRENTE CAVA GRANDE, SR, ITALIA - SICILIA  Navigatore
43 Km from IL PICCOLO ATTICO
  Area Palazzolo Acreide, Buccheri, Augusta
The site is diversified and offers diverse ecological environments that allow the expression of a very significant biodiversity. In addition to the aquatic biotope, we can distinguish the riparian environment, one of the walls of the valley, the plains and caves. In the crystal clear waters of the river, thanks to the torrential nature, are ideal dwelling trout and brown trout in Sicily. On the bottom is around tench. You can also find eels and crayfish.

RISERVA NATURALE ORIENTATA SUGHERETA DI NISCEMI

RISERVA NATURALE ORIENTATA SUGHERETA DI NISCEMI  Apri
Loc. RISERVA NATURALE ORIENTATA SUGHERETA DI NISCEMI, CONTRADA PISCIOTTO, NISCEMI CL, ITALIA - SICILIA  Navigatore
17 Km from IL PICCOLO ATTICO
  Area Mazzarrone, Gela, Caltagirone
In the cork Niscemi, along with holm oaks, are represented evergreen shrubs typically Mediterranean scrub-forest. The magnificent forest is now a thing of the past, but are still interesting environments where there are mastic trees, carob, wild olive, myrtle, arbutus, phillyrea and the dwarf palm. The undergrowth is rich and bright populated by a diverse fauna that includes wild cats and foxes; mice and dormice dormouse. Small warblers nest in the woods, the great spotted woodpecker and the hoopoe.

MONTI IBLEI DOP

MONTI IBLEI DOP  Apri
Loc. BUCCHERI - SICILIA  Navigatore
30 Km from IL PICCOLO ATTICO
Altitude: 982 mt. a.s.l.  Area Giarratana, Palazzolo Acreide, Sortino
  Brochure PDF
The Consortium D.O.P. Monti Iblei was created to protect and disseminate quality Extra Virgin Olive Oil produced in the Monti Iblei, limited to the provinces of Ragusa, Siracusa and Catania, or in the eastern part of Sicily, the southernmost known as Val di Noto: from this ancient land come oils characteristic for their harmonious taste fruity medium-intense, the green-gold color, fruity with hints of herbs, green tomato and artichoke, with notes of bitter and spicy harmoniously balanced between them. The PDO MONTI IBLEI, is the official recognition of the valuable characteristics of the oil obtained in the homogeneous area of the Iblei Mountains. The initials PDO, protected designation of origin, in fact means that the quality and characteristics of these precious oils are derived essentially from the geographical environment in which they are grown and processed olives. The Consortium has established itself immediately as an operational tool essential for the enhancement of extra virgin olive oil. It is a living organism for the oil sector, which operates in the service of olive eastern Sicily, and in particular the three provinces with strong rural, Ragusa, Siracusa and Catania. The Consortium is the primary interface to the consumer of olive oil. It is the body that protects the quality and genuineness of the product, and therefore, protect the health of consumers, ensuring ongoing compliance by the producers, the rules laid down in the product specification, quality requirements and parameters of organoleptic and qualitative covered in the production standards. The Consortium represents and protects producers that adhere to the specification, promoting and enhancing the product, making it recognizable and distinguishable territory of origin through operations targeted promotion and sponsoring the marketing of the product in new domestic and international markets.

PARCO FLUVIALE DELL'ALCANTARA

PARCO FLUVIALE DELL'ALCANTARA  Apri
Loc. GRAVA' CATANIA, ITALY - SICILIA  Navigatore
43 Km from IL PICCOLO ATTICO
Altitude: 43 mt. a.s.l.  Area Catania, Aci Castello, Bronte
  Brochure PDF
The Alcantara River Park is a regional park of Sicily which was established in 2001 in place of the existing reserve and includes that part of the territory of the provinces of Messina and Catania, which form the river basin of the river Alcantara , and is located in the side north of Etna, in order to protect and promote the natural tem exists. The Park headquarters is located in Francavilla di Sicilia , in the structure built in the late nineties to accommodate a nursery and never used . The territory is crossed by the river Alcantara is of particular importance because of its morphology created by the flow of its waters that have shaped and etched by creating , crossing an impressive series of lava flows, in the Fondaco Motta ( common Camastra ) suggestive of deep gorges and cliffs, known as the Alcantara Gorges. Together with a succession of spectacular lakes and waterfalls, very cold water , you can see the amazing lava columnar structures with prismatic base . Arranged Organ Pipe decorate them for long stretches the walls of basaltic rock . Thanks to the study of these structures, geologists were able to draw precise studies on the evolution of the Etna volcano and its lava succession in time of the most imponenti.Nel 1493 Bembo described as the valley of dense forests of plane trees , oaks , oaks and elms. Today they survive only rare traces of Platanus orientalis , while dominated by typical Mediterranean vegetation with different species of broom and Peony mascula with its red inflorescence . As you descend in altitude dense forests of stone alternating with citrus groves and vineyards which produce a dark and full-bodied wine known since antiquity. Still oak groves and pastures. In spring, the banks are an explosion of color : purple blooms , poppy, anemone, myrtle , rose hips, prickly pear , oak , oleander , and various species of orchids

RAGUSA

RAGUSA  Apri
Loc. RAGUSA, ITALY - SICILIA  Navigatore
40 Km from IL PICCOLO ATTICO
  Area Modica, Giarratana, Zappulla

Ragusa e' una delle province della regione Sicilia e si trova sul versante meridionale dei Monti Iblei costeggiata dai fiumi Irminio e Ippari. Storicamente Ragusa ha delle origini antichissime in quanto si attesta la presenza umana gia dal III millennio a.c. Divenne nucleo cittadino con la conquista dei Siculi e successivamente dei Greci, dei Cartaginesi, dei Romani e dei Bizantini. Divento nel IX secolo un''importamnte centro economico saraceno e tra l''XI ed il XII secolo fu sotto il dominio dei Normanni ed in seguito dei signori locali Chiromonte grazie ai quali si strutturo come citta medievale. Nel 1693 vi fu un terribile terremoto che distrusse completamente la citta (Ibla) che venne interamente ricostruita parallelamente alla nuova citta (Ragusa) posta su un rilievo adiacente alla vecchia. Il XVIII secolo fu caratterizzato da duri contrasti tra i due nucle urbani: dopo l''Unita d''Italia vennero costituiti due comuni distinti che poi vennero unificati nel 1926. Da vedere: Il Palazzo Zacco: si tratta di un bellissimo palazzo gentilizio in stile barocco che sulla facciata presenta un enorme stemma della famiglia ed uno splendido portale d''ingresso con colonne adornate con capitelli corinzi. Queste colonne sostengono un balcone chiuso da una ringhiera decorata con fiori in ferro. Gli altri balconi del palazzo sono molto eleganti in quanto decorati da maschere che rappresentano scene di vita quotidiana. Uno di questi balconi e' decorato da una sirena accompagnata da suonatori a ricordare le sfarzose feste e banchettiche venivano tenuti nel palazzo. Modica: questa cittadina dista circa 15 km da Ragusa ed e' una delle citta piu pittoresche di tutta la Sicilia. Modica si trova nella parte meridionale dei Monti Iblei ed e' divisa in Modica Alta e Modica Bassa. L''aspetto di questa citta e' tardo barocco e risale quasi interamente a dopo il terremoto del 1693: della citta precedente il terremoto rimane ben poco. Modica e' ua citta pittoresca ed affscinante per il suo aspetto tipicamente barocco, per le sue stradine e vecchie botteghe. Di particolare da vedere c''e' il Museo Ibleo delle Arti e delle Tradizioni Popolari in cui sono conservate strumenti, attrezzature delle botteghe antiche e degli artigiani. Cattedrale di Ragusa: questa chiesa e' stata costruita nel XVIII secolo si trova in una bellissima terrazza pensile sostenuta da un loggiato, nella piazza centrale della citta. Possiede un''elegante e raffinata facciata ed una bellissima cupola in stile neoclassico. All''interno e' strutturata su una base a croce latina con tre navate con bellissime vetrate con cui si raffigura il martirio di San Giorgio. All''interno sono conservate alcune tele di Vito d''Anna, un reliquario d''argento.

PIETRAPERZIA

PIETRAPERZIA  Apri
Loc. PIETRAPERZIA ENNA, ITALY - SICILIA  Navigatore
38 Km from IL PICCOLO ATTICO
Altitude: 462 mt. a.s.l.  Area Caltanissetta, Piazza Armerina, Enna
Based on the indications of historians and geographers Pietraperzia seems to have originated from an ancient Greek colony in Sicily called Caulonia . Pietraperzia due to the Saracen domination both the name and its prosperity . Golden age for Pietraperzia can be considered the sixteenth century when Barresi , barons of the city, were promoted prior to the dignity of Marquis Matthew Barresi III , the founder of Barry (1529), and then with the principles of Peter Barresi (1564 ) . The Castle of Pietraperzia their house then became coveted hangout of the lover of culture and politics. Was the serious social crisis that swept through the city , culminating in the tragic establishment of an armed by Antonino Di Blasi, understood Testalonga , which he created , in little more than two years of banditry (1765-1767) , un'esteso climate of terror in Sicily . Since 1926 Pietraperzia joined the new province of Enna. Among the buildings include: the Mother Church , the Sanctuary of the Madonna della Cava , the Governor's Palace ( XVI century). The Pyramid of Pietraperzia On the plateau of Cirummeddi ( Cerumbelle ) are a series of natural acrocori including that of the pyramid. It consists of a set of probable Neolithic megalithic structures , which are ed later buildings until the late Middle Ages . The appearance is hilly and pyramidal height of about 12 meters. The base of the structure, 55 meters long and 30 wide , is composed of three tiers of terraces cut off vertically by four stairways carved through which you access the overlying terraces connected by ramps inclined planes . The steps correspond to the four cardinal points. The monument has two constructive ideas by the strong symbolic connotation : that of the circle (its circumference) and that of the square (the plant construction on the upper floors engaged in it ) . Feast of the patron Maria SS. Cava August 14 and 15 , August 16 Feast of the patron St. Rocco

ENNA

ENNA  Apri
Loc. ENNA - SICILIA  Navigatore
42 Km from IL PICCOLO ATTICO
  Area Pietraperzia, Caltanissetta, Piazza Armerina

Enna e' uno dei capoluoghi di provincia della regione Sicilia e si trova posizionata al centro dell''isola su un altopiano dei Monti Erei a mille metri di altezza. E'' un famoso centro agricolo ed archeologico conosciuto in tutta Italia. Storicamente Enna possiede un''origine molto antica: venne colonizzata dai Greci (la chiamarono Henna) tra il VII ed il Vi secolo a.c. Successivamente venne dominata dai Siracusani, dai Cartaginesi e dai Romani. Divenne poi una fortezza bizantina ed in seguito colonizzata dagli Arabi. Enna raggiunse il suo massimo splendore nel XVII secolo e dopo un lungo periodo di decadenza successiva riprese vigore nel 1860 con l''annessione al Regno d''Italia. Da vedere: Chiesa di San Francesco: questa chiesa risale al XIV secolo ma e' stata successivamente rimaneggiata. Possiede un bellissimo campanile del 1500 sito su di una scarpata e strutturato a tre ordini sovrapposti. L''interno e' composto da un''unica navata e vi si puo accedre mediante una grande scalinata. Vi sono conservate alcune opere degne di nota come ad esempio la croce lignea dipinta su entrambi i lati, una tavola del XVI secolo che raffigura l''Epifania ed i bellissimi affreschi di Giovan Battista Bruno (del XVII secolo). Castello Normanno di Sperlinga: Sperlinga e' una cittadina in provincia di Enna che dista circa 50 km. Il suo nome deriva dal latino ''spelunca'' che significa grotta dato che nelle zone limistrofe sono presenti molte caverne trogloditiche. Nella piazza principale di questo paese si trova un bellissimo castello Normanno edificato nel Medioevo. Si puo accedere a questo maniero tramite una grande gradinata scavata nella roccia. All''interno del castello vi sono svariate camere di cui alcune scavate nella roccia. Nel piazzale occidentale del castello sono presenti i resti della Chiesa di San Luca. Dall''uscita settentrionale del Castello si puo accedere al ''giardino del Duca'', un campo alberato. Aree archeologiche di Centuripe: Centuripe e' un paese in provincia di Enna che dista dalla citta circa 60 km. Si tratta di un bel borgo di montagna famoso per la produzione di grano, agrumi, olive e frutta. Nella parte orientale di questo paese sono stati trovati dei resti molto importanti tra cui il Castello di Corradino, resti di un mausoleo romano di eta imperiale e resti di Bagni Termali. Vi sono poi resti di un''abitazione greca con mosaici e pitture parietali. E'' presente il Museo Archeologico dove e' possibile ammirare reperti quali i resti di un sarcofago, vasi, sculture e pitture.

UVA DA TAVOLA DI MAZZARRONE IGP

UVA DA TAVOLA DI MAZZARRONE IGP  Apri
Loc. MAZZARRONE CT, ITALIA - SICILIA  Navigatore
18 Km from IL PICCOLO ATTICO
Altitude: 278 mt. a.s.l.  Area Niscemi, Caltagirone, Giarratana
  Brochure PDF
Mazzarrone is a horticultural product in Italian Protected Geographical Indication. It means the grapes produced in the area between the municipalities of Mazzarrone, Caltagirone, Licodia Euboea (in the province of Catania) and Achates, Chiaramonte Gulfi and Comiso (in the province of Ragusa). The grapes produced in the types white, red and black, and for each, the production regulations shall determine the quality requirements must possess: bunch, berry, color, maturity, amount per hectare. The Consortium is based in Mazzarrone. The Mazzarrone PGI berries spherical-ellipsoidal peel black, red or white, from the firm flesh of sweet and tasty. The size of the cluster must be a minimum of 350-400 grams depending on the variety. The production area of the relevant geographic area includes several municipalities between the provinces of Catania and Ragusa. You have the first traces of vineyards nell'areale Mazzarrone between late 1800 and early 1900, thanks to the discovery of some public acts of sale entered into at that time. Another testimony of us is from the book The civilization of the vine in Sicily by Bruno Pastena, which shows that at the end of the nineteenth century the production of table grapes represent 5% of the wine production of District of Caltagirone. Today, the Mazzarrone plays a leading role in the local agricultural economy, being able to cross national borders to reach not only the most important markets in Europe, but also those of some countries outside Europe. In addition to the eye-catching, the bunches of these are also particularly resistant: Uva di Mazzarrone may in fact be stored for more than a month in the environment at very low temperature and with a high rate of humidity. In addition to fresh consumption, enters as an ingredient in desserts, jams and juices. Off the table, is used in cosmetics: its juice has power to soften and lighten the skin. Disinfectant and antiviral, diuretic and laxative, grapes fully expresses its beneficial properties for the body if consumed in the morning on an empty stomach.

CALAFORNO

CALAFORNO  Apri
Loc. GIARRATANA - SICILIA  Navigatore
32 Km from IL PICCOLO ATTICO
Altitude: 532 mt. a.s.l.  Area Buccheri, Palazzolo Acreide, Ragusa
In the district Calaforno between Monterosso Almo and Ragusa, has been ongoing for some years an intensive reforestation project that has transformed the barren hilly landscape in a fresh and welcoming pine forest. In an area about 600 meters above sea level, extends, therefore, the Calaforno Forest Park, a wooded area that takes its name from a series of caves that are located further downstream: the cave Calaforno, a series of 35 small rooms, originally used as graves, then transformed over the centuries into homes. The park consists of a green hillside sloping down to the sea, which has a tree cover represented basically by Aleppo pines and along the trails, some oriental plane trees reminiscent of the old riparian vegetation cover and give the area a striking appearance. The area, as mentioned above, has been the subject of a major reforestation plan, which has turned into a real green lung, but surrounded by rocky terrain and arid. For the beauty of the area it is hoped that the park would soon become a protected region, even if the process for this to happen, has not yet been completed. Starting from Giarratana, you can reach the forest and follow the signs for the restaurant 'Two Palms', and along a dirt road that begins at the end of the village. After several twists and turns, running through farmland, forest encounter a gate marked 'Area equipped Calaforno'. Passing through the gate and continue for two miles, through the woods, you begin to see the infrastructure of the typical picnic areas, located first on the right of the road, over a stream, and then to the left, near an old mill water. The building, abandoned but fully functional, was acquired by the forest and partly restored so that it can be visited. In Equipped With several facilities that are well integrated into the environment because all made of wood. Tables and benches for more than 250 seats, many litter bins and a small playground for children, who can spend a leisurely day in a pristine environment. Beware, though: here it is forbidden to light fires so that the area is not equipped with hotplates. Adjacent to the area was made a wildlife area with deer and wild boar, bred for experimental purposes

SCALA DI S. MARIA DEL MONTE

SCALA DI S. MARIA DEL MONTE  Apri
Loc. SAINT MARIA OF MONTE, SCALA S. MARIA DEL MONTE, CALTAGIRONE CATANIA, ITALY - SICILIA  Navigatore
<1 Km from IL PICCOLO ATTICO
Altitude: 603 mt. a.s.l.  Area San Cono, Niscemi, Mazzarrone
  Brochure PDF
The Staircase of Santa Maria del Monte was built in 1606 to connect the old part of Caltagirone , a town in the province of Catania, the new city built on the top . The staircase , over 130 meters long , is lined with buildings balconati and has become the emblem of the city and one of its meraviglie.Era was originally built to changes that interrupted the slope by workers coordinated by the gigantic royal master builder Joseph Giacalone . In 1844 it amalgamated the various ramps, designed by the architect Salvatore Marino. Thus were born the hundred and forty steps of the steps of Santa Maria del Monte, who since 1954 is entirely decorated in the risers of the steps, with ceramic tile polychrome majolica produced by Artisan Caltagirone . In a show of every step we applied a coating of polychrome majolica , of the same type as that over the centuries has made the city famous . The tiles are decorated with island ranging from the tenth to the twentieth century, collected and adapted - is written at the bottom of the scale - by Antonino Ragona . The effect is marvelous and spectacular glance . The scale of the hundred and forty steps is lit annually on 24 and 25 July ( for the feast of St. James, patron saint of the city) , from thousands of candles to flame alive. Because on this occasion is interrupted every form of electric lighting, the visual result that comes out is a kind of lava flow, a river of fire that in his throbbing brightness draws elegant decorative figures , the result of the ability of a master builder , under the orders of which employs dozens of workers to the arrangement of the lamps . To form the singular tapestry of fire is a set of four thousand lanterns called lumere . The scale illumination has an ancient history . The first to have thought , towards the end of 1700, a bright design , was the architect Bonaiuto . But it must be a monk, Benedetto Papale , the phantasmagoric scene of the illuminated staircase . For forty years the Monaco designed motifs , mainly flowers, to great effect . The accommodation at predetermined pattern of illumination requires a month of preparation. The employees if they handed down the art from father to son .

LA MORGANTINA

LA MORGANTINA  Apri
Loc. AIDONE - SICILIA  Navigatore
22 Km from IL PICCOLO ATTICO
  Area Piazza Armerina, San Cono, Caltagirone
The Archaeological Museum of Aidone, built in the seventeenth-century Capuchin monastery and opened a little over twenty years ago, is the ideal connection between the town and the ancient past of this territory. When we wrote Lombard settlers settled here, had no idea that they were not the first to choose residence as this area of Sicily. They believed that the scattered stones that emerged in the countryside, a few kilometers east of Aydon, belonged to the town of Herbita and Morgantina. Only in 1955, an expedition of archaeologists from the University of Princeton was able to identify Morgantina, highlighting what was left after the destruction ordered by Octavian in 36 BC The importance of Morgantina is mainly linked to the fact that his discovery has allowed archaeologists to investigate - through the direct vision of precious relics and architectural structures - the relationship between the indigenous communities of Sicily and the Greeks, from the sixth century BC, undertook the colonization of the inland areas of the island. Finds that today are largely held by the Museum of Aidone, arranged by theme and chronology, to show visitors the various events of the town. What we call indigenous, to tell the truth were in turn came from outside: the Sicilians - and in this case the tribe Morgeti - came from the Italian peninsula, from which it had come about a thousand years before Christ. They drove back to the west and south Sicanians and settled in various places on the island, including the just plain between the hills where they founded Morgantina. A place that, even today, still retains its wild and lonely beauty. Around 560 BC, colonists from the coast took possession of the city. At first it was peaceful cohabitation, following instead the Greeks began a tematic abuse of the natives, seizing, for example, their cults and ellenizzandoli. In 459, Morgantina was conquered and destroyed by the army of Ducetius, the head of synteleia (alloy of Sicily), violently repressed by the Greeks. The town moved so close by, in the district of Serra Orlando. Within a short time, thanks to its favorable position on the road connecting the northern coast of Sicily to its southern part, became one of the most important agricultural hinterland, reaching great prosperity and wealth, especially during the period of Timoleon and Agathocles (fourth century) and especially in the long reign of Hiero II (275-215 BC).

RISERVA NATURALE ORIENTATA BOSCO DI SANTO PIETRO

RISERVA NATURALE ORIENTATA BOSCO DI SANTO PIETRO  Apri
Loc. CALTAGIRONE - SICILIA  Navigatore
12 Km from IL PICCOLO ATTICO
  Area Mazzarrone, Niscemi, San Cono
The Natural Reserve of Bosco di Santo Pietro, about 20 km from Caltagirone, is one of the most lush and extensive green areas Calatino. The vegetation of the Bosco di Santo Pietro is extremely diverse, thanks to the vast expanse of the reserve, which includes landscapes and environments very different from each other. The fauna of the Bosco di Santo Pietro is rich in species belonging to both invertebrates to vertebrates.

PANTALICA, SIRACUSA

PANTALICA, SIRACUSA  Apri
Loc. PANTALICA SR, ITALIA - SICILIA  Navigatore
45 Km from IL PICCOLO ATTICO
  Area Palazzolo Acreide, Augusta, Belvedere
Pantalica, or rather the ancient center of Syracuse, is a place archeological nature of the province of Syracuse. It is one of the most important prehistoric sites in Sicily, useful to understand the moment of transition from the Bronze Age to the Iron Age in the island. In 2005 the site was awarded, along with the city of Syracuse, as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO for its high historical, archaeological, caving and landscape. The location of Pantalica gave its name to a famous story by Vincenzo Consolo, stones Pantalica, where the plateau becomes a metaphor for the human journey. Giarranauti is a large wood at the top of the plateau Pantalica. This area as well as being suggestive of the presence of a forest is also rich in the past, especially in the Byzantine period. Following the paths in the park are the remains of a Byzantine village (we are talking about the sixth and eighth centuries AD), tanneries and mills carved into the rock.

CALTAGIRONE

CALTAGIRONE  Apri
Loc. CALTAGIRONE - SICILIA  Navigatore
<1 Km from IL PICCOLO ATTICO
Altitude: 553 mt. a.s.l.  Area San Cono, Niscemi, Mazzarrone
rich clay earth, Caltagirone is known worldwide for its handmade pottery that still employs hundreds of artisans. The art of tiles has very ancient origins: the first ovens date back, in fact, the Muslim period and the Normans and testify of an activity which has never been extinguished over the centuries. Over time, the craftsmen, such cannatari, have perfected the techniques and decorative showing great originality, preserving, however, the Moorish motifs and colors of the tradition (blue, copper green, yellow gold, manganese). A myriad of shops soul the narrow streets of the city by exposing typical of this ancient art products: tiles, chandeliers, whistles, plates, jars, vases. The production of the latter was particularly thriving because it used for storage of honey, a typical product of the area. The jars were rather traditionally used by apothecaries for their pharmacies. Among the ocher-colored buildings rising churches, baroque bell towers and the beautiful Town Park, public garden among the finest in Italy, built in 800 by Giovanni Battista Filippo Basile (Ernesto's father, master of the Sicilian Liberty). The historic center of Caltagirone extends along two main arteries: Corso Vittorio Emanuele and Via Roma. The first overlook beautiful baroque palaces, among which Palazzo Gravina, and the Norman church of San Giacomo that houses precious works of art inside. At the beginning of Via Roma, which leads from the old town to the new town, it lies the 'Tondo Vecchio', scenic shaped building portico, designed by Francesco Battaglia to celebrate the opening of the road. Along the way they meet various churches and polychrome ceramic balcony of Palazzo Ventimiglia. The Town Hall Square is the point of intersection of two main roads and on it faces, in addition to the Municipality Palace, the Senate Palace, the current seat of the Municipal Theatre and Don Sturzo Gallery. In nearby Piazza Umberto I stands the Cathedral of San Giuliano, construction of beginning of the eighteenth century (although the facade of the early twentieth century). Next to the Duomo is the Court Capitaniale, the most original building in the city, built on one floor and refined by a series of windows and portals built in the XVI - XVII century by Domenico and Antonuzzo Gagini. Traditionally the element of tourist attraction for the city is the impressive staircase: hundred and forty steps linking the upper town to the lower town. The staircase was built by Giuseppe Giacalone at the beginning of '600 and in 1954 the risers for each step were coated with majolica tiles, in a riot of geometric motifs, anthropomorphic and phytomorphic. From the square the nineteenth-century Town Hall is therefore arrives at the Santa Maria del Monte church, founded in 1100 and redesigned by Francesco Battaglia in the eighteenth century, it has a basilica plan and houses inside the precious Madonna of Condominiums, interesting work of the thirteenth century Byzantine.

AKRAI

AKRAI  Apri
Loc. PALAZZOLO ACREIDE - SICILIA  Navigatore
39 Km from IL PICCOLO ATTICO
  Area Buccheri, Giarratana, Sortino
Akrai was among the first colonies of Syracuse founded by the Corinthians arrived in the Sicilian regions: Akrai near Pantalica Casmene (military outpost on Mount Laurel, in 643), Akrillai on the way to Gela and Kamarina, the most distant colonies, in 598. Built on top of a hill, Akrai was difficult to attack, and at the same time was an ideal spot to watch over the surrounding territories. Due to the importance of its strategic location, the city grew to reach its peak during the reign of Hiero II (275 BC-215 BC). Faithful in Syracuse, however, had political, administrative and military self, to the point that his army intercepted one of Nicias (421 BC) in the Noto Valley or Valley dell'Anapo and contributed to his defeat. In 211 BC, after the fall of Syracuse, became part of the Roman province taking the Latin name of Acre. The city then passed under Byzantine rule until the Arab invasion. The town was completely destroyed by the Arabs in 827, and the site was abandoned, was slowly covered with soil and vegetation out of sight and being forgotten for nearly eight centuries. One of the first scholars who chose the site of the lost city was the Sicilian scholar Thomas Fazello; later others will be interested and in particular Palazzolo, Gabriel Baron Judica, which in the early part of the nineteenth century undertook the first archaeological excavations at the site of Akrai and described his research in his book Antiquities of Acre published in 1819. The subsequent excavations of the ancient city unearthed the theater, small but in excellent condition. On the back there are two quarries, stone quarries, called Carved and Intagliatella the mid-fourth century BC On the plateau above the latomia Intagliata are the basic building blocks dell'Aphrodision, the Temple of Aphrodite built in the sixth century BC On the western side lies the Bouleuterion where the city council met. To the east of the hill there are the Ferali temples dedicated to the worship of the dead.

SITO ARCHEOLOGICO DI KAMARINA

SITO ARCHEOLOGICO DI KAMARINA  Apri
Loc. RAGUSA - SICILIA  Navigatore
41 Km from IL PICCOLO ATTICO
  Area Punta Secca, Mazzarrone, Niscemi
Kamarina, in greek , (also known by some in the shape of Italianate Camarina), according to Strabo, whose name means Inhabited after much effort, was an important colony of Syracuse, founded and built by the Syracusans at the mouth of the river Ippari in the south of Sicily. Today it not only ruins remain and important archaeological finds, mainly Cammarana on the hill in the municipality of Ragusa. Kamarina was founded in the early sixth century BC (598 BC - 597 BC) by the ancient Greek Doric Syracuse, on the fertile promontory bordered by the rivers Ippari Oanis north and south. The purpose of the new settlement was to create a garrison along the African route and curb the southward expansion of Gela, who just eighteen years after merge to the north-west Akragas (580 BC). Quickly became an important agricultural center and reference for the flourishing commercial trade of the hinterland ibleo even the Sicilians, the colony soon came into conflict with the city-madre.Kamarina was later defeated by the Syracusans and their allies in 552 BC Sources say that the population camarinense was exiled; However, the excavation of the settlement totaled an unbroken continuity of life throughout the entire sixth century BC During the advance of Hannibal in 403-401 B.C. Kamarina was again sacked and destroyed by his army. He went back into the orbit of Syracuse during the reign of Dionysius I the great and took part in the simmachia of Dion of Syracuse in 357 BC when he and his army marched to the conquest of Syracuse. The actual remains are of great archaeological interest, and testify to the vastness of the ancient site. Remain archaic tombs (VII century BC) and insignificant ruins of a temple dedicated to Minerva. Along the Ippari you can recognize the layout of the ancient port channel. The city is still recognizable in its original area by the remains of houses and pavements. The area surrounding the Passo Marinaro are still the graves of a cemetery in the V - IV century BC Excavations conducted by Paolo Orsi Kamarina 1896-1911, have provided abundant archaeological material that is located at the Museum of Syracuse.

Excursions and attractions in SICILIA close to CALTAGIRONE San Cono Niscemi Mazzarrone: 'VILLA DEL CASALE'   'FICODINDIA DI SAN CONO D.O.P.'   'PIAZZA ARMERINA'   'RAGUSANO DOP'   'SITO ARCHEOLOGICO DI GELA'   'RISERVA NATURALE ORIENTATA PANTALICA, VALLE DELL'ANAPO, TORRENTE CAVA GRANDE'   'RISERVA NATURALE ORIENTATA SUGHERETA DI NISCEMI'   'MONTI IBLEI DOP'   'PARCO FLUVIALE DELL'ALCANTARA'   'RAGUSA'   'PIETRAPERZIA'   'ENNA'   'UVA DA TAVOLA DI MAZZARRONE IGP'   'CALAFORNO'   'SCALA DI S. MARIA DEL MONTE'   'LA MORGANTINA'   'RISERVA NATURALE ORIENTATA BOSCO DI SANTO PIETRO'   'PANTALICA, SIRACUSA'   'CALTAGIRONE'   'AKRAI'   'SITO ARCHEOLOGICO DI KAMARINA'  

SICILIA


Sicily is the largest Italian Island, separated from the continent by the Strait of Messina and lapped by the Ionian, the Tyrrhenian and the Mediterranean Seas. It is one of the pearls of Southern Italy and can be discovered, understood and experienced through a series of itineraries dedicated to all tastes ranging from nature to history and tradition. Nature seems to have endowed all of its wonders to this land: mountains, hills and above all the Mediterranean Sea, with its incredible colours, its crystal-clear water and the beauty of its seabeds, in no way inferior to those of other seas. Here, the Mediterranean Sea, with its many little islands scattered around the coasts of Sicily, offers unique and intense sceneries, scents and flavours of an uncontaminated nature. Last but not least, are the great volcanoes, symbols of the irresistible exuberance of this incredibly charming region. The fascination of this region grows with the precious archeological vestiges that tell the story of the ancient origins of Trinacria (ancient name for Sicily). The provinces of the region are: Palermo (regional capital), Agrigento, Catania, Caltanissetta, Enna, Messina, Ragusa, Siracusa and Trapani.