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b-bdionisio - excursions points of interest attractions in siracusa



Excursions, points of interest and attractions close to SIRACUSA Avola Carrozziere Belvedere


13 Km from B-BDIONISIO
  Area Carrozziere, Belvedere, Augusta
  Brochure PDF
The Fountain of Arethusa is a body of water on the island of Ortigia, in the oldest part of the Sicilian city , a meeting place between reality and legend , one of the most beautiful monuments of Syracuse. Its origin is the development of one of the many outlets of the water table which is located in the Syracuse area , the aquifer that supplies the River Cyane on the opposite side of the harbor. It has a circular double , inside a circular structure , which is a double concentric circle . Over the centuries, the source has undergone several transformations , first outside the walls of the fortifications , it was possible to access the captive portal from the sea by a steep staircase where there was also a door , where it seems to have penetrated the Romans during the conquest of the city. In the sixteenth century the source was divided into several streams used for the tanning of hides : the rivulets formed a lake about 200 meters in diameter. In 1540 the source was incorporated into the fortifications when Charles V strengthened the military structures of Ortigia, to be freed in 1847 when the reservoir took its present shape . The lookout spot near the spring is what remains of the bastion , which was demolished in the second half of the nineteenth century . The source of Arethusa is now the heart of Ortigia , a meeting place and walk several times removed from the risk of drying out . Several earthquakes over the centuries have threatened the secular influx of water, until a few years ago when drought and perhaps even the construction of the third bridge , have reduced the flow of water at the source by putting at risk the health of the papyrus, which grows in ' inside of the pool . The Papireto of Syracuse , and the River Fiumefreddo , are the only papireti Europe.


15 Km from B-BDIONISIO
  Area Avola, Ispica, Pachino
After the restoration of the ceiling of the Cathedral , restoration and accommodation in the natural site of the mosaics of the Villa Romana del Tellaro, the Baroque capital of the Val di Noto adds another jewel to its unrivaled heritage found or rather restored . The return to public use of Nicolaci Palace is an event that overflows the provincial boundaries , reaching the highest levels of education . The palace of the principles is something spectacular and today, restored to its former splendor, gives the size of the wealth and opulence that the city has experienced in a long-gone era . In purely baroque style and with about 90 rooms, a design attributed to Rosario Gagliardi , dates back to the early decades of the 1700s, even if the work , which also participated Vincenzo Sinatra (student Gagliardi ) lasted until 1765. The building is born as a noble residence urban family Nicolaci which has retained ownership of a wing , the other cedendone to the City of Noto. The building is decorated with several balconies decorated beautifully made and closed by the sinuous curved railings . Among the figures of the decorations are mermaids, sphinxes, hippogriffs , winged horses , and more. All of these decorations give a special harmony in the whole building. A wing of the Palazzo Nicolaci welcomes the Public Library , founded by the Municipality in 1817 with the generosity of individuals , especially the Prince of Villadorata , and now filled with thousands of books and various Spanish and Latin manus to which is added a gallery of portraits distinguished of the men of Noto , a gift of Baron Smart . The Library is not that one of the bonds that Noto has with its cultural tradition. To give just one example, Ferdinand the Catholic in 1503 gave the city the title of ingenious , for the erudition of many of its citizens , but was also called the Famous and the Learned


Loc. PACHINO - SICILIA  Navigatore
30 Km from B-BDIONISIO
  Area Portopalo di capo Passero, Santa Maria del Focallo, Ispica
  Brochure PDF
The famous Pachino cherry tomato has many beneficial properties. And 'refreshing, thirst-quenching, has diuretic, rich in lycopene and carotenoids, substances that facilitate the proper functioning of the body and defend against free radicals. It contains a good dose of vitamin C, for repairing and regenerating action on all body cells. It 'also rich in minerals, with a balancing function and detoxification. The Cherry is also a PGI. NOT ONLY AND 'GOOD, BUT IS ALSO OK Several studies and surveys have shown the importance in the diet, the consumption of fruit and vegetables in order to protect human health and the physical well-being, preventing the occurrence of cardiovascular disease and some cancers. In recent years, great attention 'was paid to the tomato and its derivatives as the major sources of lycopene. Some authors have reported that an abundant consumption of tomato and its derivatives, and 'inversely correlated with the risk of cancer of the digestive tract and prostate. In addition, other investigations have been carried out regarding the health benefits of lycopene is in the context of infectious diseases, both in dermatological disorders.


Loc. AVOLA - SICILIA  Navigatore
  Area Noto, Carrozziere, Belvedere
At the intersection of Via Miramare and the way Old Navy , is the center of the coastal village of Avola ( 1600 ) . The Navy avolese had its greatest urban development with the construction of the trap on a permanent basis . In the thirties it constitutes an important stopover for maritime trade , and especially to the entire community. The tem included for tuna processing industries , distilleries of citrus and a mill for wheat processing . The tuna is made from malfaraggio , which includes the Lodge , the venue for the shelter of the boats and the factory for tuna processing . There are also the homes of fishermen , the warehouses and the seasonal home of the owner. From the architectural point of view , the owner of the palace reflects the style of the beginning of the last century. The downhill terrain creates the space for the small apartment where he was living in the host, which in the summer season he became a sailor. Follow the grandiose lodge , surrounded on three sides by the sea and expanded, in the summer, to a large enclosure with a thatched roof for drying the innards . Ancient structure, now , very little is left , like the great arch of the opposite side to the Lodge . From here the boats were beached for the winter season . High above the sea , there are a series of large rooms that were used as warehouses used to PRESERVED of long traps , or five miles of nets , buoys and anchors that were used to secure the equipment against the force of the winds. In ancient times , were lowered along the Sicilian coast many traps : those on the northern side were called race while the southern slope of return .


Loc. BUCCHERI - SICILIA  Navigatore
38 Km from B-BDIONISIO
Altitude: 982 mt. a.s.l.  Area Giarratana, Palazzolo Acreide, Sortino
  Brochure PDF
The Consortium D.O.P. Monti Iblei was created to protect and disseminate quality Extra Virgin Olive Oil produced in the Monti Iblei, limited to the provinces of Ragusa, Siracusa and Catania, or in the eastern part of Sicily, the southernmost known as Val di Noto: from this ancient land come oils characteristic for their harmonious taste fruity medium-intense, the green-gold color, fruity with hints of herbs, green tomato and artichoke, with notes of bitter and spicy harmoniously balanced between them. The PDO MONTI IBLEI, is the official recognition of the valuable characteristics of the oil obtained in the homogeneous area of the Iblei Mountains. The initials PDO, protected designation of origin, in fact means that the quality and characteristics of these precious oils are derived essentially from the geographical environment in which they are grown and processed olives. The Consortium has established itself immediately as an operational tool essential for the enhancement of extra virgin olive oil. It is a living organism for the oil sector, which operates in the service of olive eastern Sicily, and in particular the three provinces with strong rural, Ragusa, Siracusa and Catania. The Consortium is the primary interface to the consumer of olive oil. It is the body that protects the quality and genuineness of the product, and therefore, protect the health of consumers, ensuring ongoing compliance by the producers, the rules laid down in the product specification, quality requirements and parameters of organoleptic and qualitative covered in the production standards. The Consortium represents and protects producers that adhere to the specification, promoting and enhancing the product, making it recognizable and distinguishable territory of origin through operations targeted promotion and sponsoring the marketing of the product in new domestic and international markets.


Loc. SIRACUSA - SICILIA  Navigatore
14 Km from B-BDIONISIO
Altitude: 33 mt. a.s.l.  Area Carrozziere, Belvedere, Augusta
The church of St. John the catacombs of Syracuse still retains traces of the charm that drove the travelers of the '700 and '800 to visit it. For a long time this church has been recognized as an ancient cathedral of Siracusa , built in Acradina , outside the city walls , in the region of the Catacombs , the place where , according to tradition, was buried the first bishop of Syracuse , St. Marcian , who was martyred under Gallienus and Valerian ( mid-third century ) ; recent studies , however, have undermined this hypothesis. The south facade of the church which can be seen, destroyed by the earthquake of 1693 ( it ruined the Great Basilica ) , and the reconstructed one in 700 with significant changes to the same facade and portico were used for the reconstruction of which elements fifteenth . On the left we see instead the ancient Norman facade marked by the rosette and decorated by the portal . In this place there was the same age in a classical Greek latomia , which was installed in the late Hellenistic pottery workshop relevant to an area pagan worship . While in the late- imperial area became a Christian cemetery in use until at least 423 . Around the middle of the sixth century (perhaps in relation to the residence of Pope Vigilius in Syracuse), the burial ground was tampered with to make way for the crypt of St. Marciano who was to receive the sarcophagus with the relics of the saint. Well above the crypt was built the church apse , with three naves , divided by 12 Doric columns of type (with reference to the apostles ) , so that the burial of the saint was in line with 1'altare , placed at the center of the nave , limited by a balustrade . After the ravages of age are likely Arabic , the church underwent innovations with the reconstruction of the perimeter walls , the extension with half of the pillars of the apse and facade , reducing to 10 the number of columns and the floor tilting in the direction of the facade. Particularly important is the crypt under the church of San Marciano , who welcomed the first bishop of the body due until the Arab invasion were transferred to Gaeta. The crypt is still frequented by both Catholics as a religious place by both Orthodox.


Loc. NOTO - SICILIA  Navigatore
14 Km from B-BDIONISIO
Altitude: 160 mt. a.s.l.  Area Avola, Ispica, Pachino
Chlorine ( in greek and Helorus in Latin) is an archaeological site located on a hill overlooking the Ionian Sea, near the city of Noto, near Syracuse, at the mouth of the river Tellaro (then with the same name of the city). The city was founded by the Corinthians in the eighth century BC, in the direction of the later way Elorina, which connected the Greek colonies of Syracuse, Gela Kamarina. The upper course of the river Tellaro, near the city Hippocrates, tyrant of Gela, defeated in battle in 493 BC Syracusan forces, while in the course of the Peloponnesian War, the Athenians were defeated in 413 BC In 263 B.C. was part of the possessions recognized by the Romans to Hiero II of Syracuse in 213 BC It was then conquered by the Romans, led by consul Claudius Marcellus in 214 BC The city was flourishing during the Byzantine era, but was almost completely destroyed by the arrival of the Arabs. The most important sanctuary was located outside the walls: it was dedicated to Demeter and Kore and takes maybe an older cult indigenous Sicilian. It was located outside the walls and consisted of different environments. The first plant dates back to the sixth century BC, but was used until the third century BC, as evidenced by votive preserved in the Archaeological Museum of Noto. Later he was transferred to the sanctuary within the city as a small temple in antis, and surrounded by a colonnade (stoa), three-arm, Doric facade and two aisles. The arcade was also connected with the agora, which are only visible cisterns dug into the rock to collect rainwater. From the square, a street headed for the sea to the south-east: along with another street in a north-south axis called the urban structure of the city. A shrine dedicated to the god Asclepius (Asklepios in greek and Aesculapius - Aesculapius in Latin), the fourth century BC, it consisted of a courtyard surrounded by arcades, where the sick were standing waiting for the visit and slept in a dream of the god, which would bring to healing. Near there was a small thesaurds, which is a building shaped like a small temple in antis, to house votive offerings and dated to the second half of the fourth century. To the south, on the slopes of the hill, there is a greek theater, partly carved into the rock and partly built, from the end of IV - beginning of III century BC, partly affected by a drainage canal built in the thirties.


42 Km from B-BDIONISIO
  Area Modica, Giarratana, Zappulla
  Brochure PDF
Ragusano, historically called caciocavallo (in Sicilian Cosacavaddu), is an Italian cheese PDO (Protected Designation of Origin). This dairy excellence, in 1955, was recognized as a typical product from DPR n. Of 30 October 1269, in 1995 he obtained the designation of origin (Decree of May 2) and, the following year, it acquired the Community recognition of the PDO, losing the historic designation of Caciocavallo. The name apparently derives from the ancient habit of hanging forms riding a stick placed horizontally. Is produced in the province of Ragusa and in the province of Syracuse with the towns of Rosolini, Noto and Palazzolo Acreide, with milk from cows of the breed Modica. Ragusano is a semi-hard cheese made of spun paste made exclusively with milk from cows. Manufactured in compliance with the rules of production (measure of 29 July 2003 of the Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry). The cheese is shaped like a parallelepiped with a square section with rounded corners. The weight of each shape is between 10 and 16 kilograms. The crust is thin, smooth, sharp straw color. The forms can be surface treated with substances transparent, free of dyes. The paste is homogeneous compact with slight holes, white or pale yellow load outside and less load inside. The taste is aromatic, pleasant, fuse in the mouth, usually mild and sweet when the cheese is young, becoming spicy advanced maturity. The content of fat in the dry matter is not less than 38%


Loc. MODICA - SICILIA  Navigatore
40 Km from B-BDIONISIO
Altitude: 379 mt. a.s.l.  Area Ragusa, Zappulla, Ispica
The Church of St. George, located between the upper part and the lower part of the city, in a scenic location with the prospect facing the west is the most impressive architecture of the city and the entire south-eastern Sicily. The singularity of the work, in addition to its intrinsic beauty, is its urban location, in the middle of a city built in shelves connected by stairways and irregular winding climbs with wide open spaces, even in the eighteenth century, were to be used in gardens and orchards terraced. The present appearance of the church is the result of several centuries of changes, additions and completions with more substantial interventions that fall in between the seventeenth and nineteenth centuries. The first source that speaks of the existence of the church is since 1150 a papal bull by Pope Eugene III in which the church was placed under the protection of the Monastery of Miletus in Calabria. According to tradition, the church was founded by Count Roger, and in memory of this event, inside, above the main door is facing the armor of Count Roger de Hauteville, the leader of the Normans and the legendary founder of St. George. In 1643, the collapse of a pillar of the transept and the concern of the collapse of the arches near the door to a radical intervention in the church. After consulting several architects and experts factory from various cities of the Kingdom, it was decided to sfabricare the previous building and give the job to a new model and plant to Friar Minor of Marcello from Palermo Reformed St. Francis. Most likely it was not a total rebuild but a transformation. Among other things, the great polyptych Bernardino Niger had made in 1573, located in the wall of the apse of the central nave is to be quoted as a reference point of the previous structure of the church and, in fact, influenced the subsequent renovation projects. In 1660 the historian Rocco Pirri provides information on the church citing it as the oldest and most famous of the County of Modica. Had, at the time, had 13,000 souls and seventy priests between canons and chaplains. The Pirri recalled that it was the second to other Sicilian churches for paintings and statues, were inside superbissimas iconas, a large silver chest and a beautiful tabernacle. The Pirri also recalls the decisive economic contribution of the Counts of Modica for the reconstruction of the building. Very little remains of that moment in history between 1643 and the reconstruction of the earthquake of 1693. Only a few works dating from the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries: in addition to the altarpiece Bernardino Niger (1573), the canvas of the painter of the Assumption Tuscan Filippo Paladini, dated 1610, and a work of Cicalesius must be mentioned Our Lady of the Snow, a Renaissance sculpture in marble, wooden painted a coat of arms with the theme of St. George and the Dragon dating back to 1576, an anonymous seventeenth-century painting depicting a deposition preserved in sacristy and two sarcophagi of the seventeenth century preserved in the transept and manufactured according to the technique of working with variegated marbles forming reasons polygonal technique widely used in the seventeenth century. The earthquake of 1693 affect the building damaging many structures, there are many reports on the damage suffered by the church drawn from various foremen.


Loc. SIRACUSA - SICILIA  Navigatore
  Area Avola, Noto, Carrozziere
On the banks of the river for a few tens of meters you will be immersed in the cool of riparian forest, where pedicellati willows, poplars whites and blacks, tamarisk and common ash trees in the South are the natural companions of the magnificent oriental plane trees, whose specimens have antiquated diameter logs about a meter and a half. There are points of the river in which this type of vegetation is to form a real gallery. On the banks, the oleanders by the blooms stand out with bright green foliage on the whiteness of the limestone rock.


40 Km from B-BDIONISIO
  Area Ragusa, Zappulla, Ispica
After the era of the first Sicilian settlements , colonization by the Greeks to which the ancient inhabitants were assimilated in the uses and customs, and the occupation by the Romans, the Byzantines went to Modica , leaving the remains of their presence especially in the necropolis both within the city or in the vicinity immemdiate , both in Cava d'Ispica . After these centuries dark during which the whole island suffered the domination by the Barbarians : Vandals, Heruli , the Goths and the beginning of the ninth century the Saracens come forward . Sicily was a fertile land and very attractive for commercial reasons placed in one of the most favorable of all the Mediterranean Basin , the heart of trade era. Modica was conquered around 844-845 , by an army of Saracens led by Al Hamdani and the FADN ibn Gafar was under the Arabs that the city divene a major agricultural and commercial center with the name of Mohac . After two centuries of Arab domination the city , as well as all of Sicily was conquered by the Normans. The liberation of the Arab domination of Sicily took place from 1061 to 1091 . Gualtieri , one of the captains in the service of Roger de Hauteville , the head of the Normans , was given the title of Count of Modica. Even his sons Godfrey , Rinaldo , and Walter Aquino were called Counts of Modica until he was in life William the Good, then broke out a fierce struggle for the succession to the throne. They formed two parties , one national that he wanted to bring to the throne Tancred of Lecce , the son of Roger of Calabria and the other that he wanted Henry to the throne , Emperor of Swabia and husband of Constance, daughter of King Roger of Altavilla. Tancredi got the better but , following his death , the party prevailed Henry of Swabia, who took possession of the throne of Sicily and took revenge on those who had opposed him , among them there were the Counts of Modica who were stripped of their assets. Modica was for a time a fief of the State Property state , then passed to the Angevins and remained there until the Sicilian Vespers which resulted in the expulsion of the hated French and their tyrannical power from all over Sicily . Even in Modica , as well as in many other cities , there was a violent rebellion against the Angevins who were expelled and citizenship appointed as Governor Frederick Moscow. The potera was , at this time, held by the Aragonese , the island had become one of the kingdoms of the Spanish crown . In 1296 , following the marriage between Moscow and Isabella Manfredi Chiaramonte , the district went to Chiaramonte . The Chiaramonte tender County for nearly a century until the last discendende male of the family was beheaded in the Steri of Palermo for plotting against the king. The period of Chiaramonte was undoubtedly the most vibrant in the entire history of the County , the Counts in fact, with the pageantry of their court competition often made to the Royal Court .


11 Km from B-BDIONISIO
  Area Carrozziere, Belvedere, Avola
The extraordinary underwater beds are rich in every marine species that inhabits the Mediterranean. But the marine area is not only the sea. All around, in a maquis dominated by the presence of the dwarf palm, a proliferation of life. And then Syracuse is home and birthplace of the culture of Ancient Greece, which is in everything: architecture, theater, gastronomy, in its people. Nature, culture, myths and stories here find their natural nourishment and placement.


11 Km from B-BDIONISIO
  Area Siracusa, Belvedere, Avola
The natural reserve of Saline River Cyane and Syracuse is a regional nature reserve of Sicily which includes the River Cyane and the wetland of Salt at the outskirts of the city of Syracuse. The reserve is managed by the homonymous province. The reserve was established by decree dell'assessorato Territory Environment of the Sicilian Region in 1984 , and is oriented to the preservation of papyrus along the banks of the River Cyane and environmental preservation of the Saline . Located close to the city , including a marshy environment , flat, sometimes a slightly lower level than that of the sea , ideal for the mining of salt. The salt formed from the seventeenth century an economic resource of great interest ; remained in business until the eighties and were later abandoned for the crisis in the sector. Currently you come twice a year to refresh and migratory birds stop. However, it is relied upon for years a better site management, and maintenance of the levees of the Cyane , and the recovery of salt. There are several projects that have not yet seen the creation . The reserve is characterized by a lush riparian vegetation with species such as papyrus ( Cyperus papyrus) , the common reed ( Phragmites australis) and aquatic iris (Iris pseudacorus ) . The site attracts a interessantre birdlife which includes , among others , the knight of Italy ( stilt stilt ) , moorhen ( Gallinula chloropus ) and the bittern ( Ixobrychus minutus ) .


Loc. SIRACUSA - SICILIA  Navigatore
15 Km from B-BDIONISIO
  Area Carrozziere, Belvedere, Augusta

Siracusa e' uno dei capoluoghi di provincia della regione Sicilia, e' situata nella parte sud-orientale dell''isola e si estende in parte nella piccola isola dell''Ortigia. Siracusa e' di origine greca, fondata dai Corinzi nel 734 a.c. e divenne una delle maggiori potenze della Sicilia. Venne dominata da una serie di tiranni tra cui Gelone, Gerone I e Dionisio I che favorirono lo sviluppo dei commercio, vinsero numerose battaglie e arricchirono la citta con templi, teatri, sculture e terme. Siracusa fu terra natia di Archimede (il famoso matematico) ed ospito poeti illustri dell''epoca (V secolo a.c.) come Pindaro ed Eschilo. Successivamente fu conquistata dai Romani ed inizio cosi per questa citta un lungo periodo di decadenza. Subi numerose invasioni barbariche e poi dominata da bizantini, arabi, normanni, svevi, aragonesi e angioini, spagnoli ed infine dai Borboni. Dopo il terremoto del 1693 l''architettura della citta fu prevalentemente in stile barocco. Da vedere: Buscemi: Buscemi e' un paese in provincia di Siracusa e dista circa 40 km dalla sua citta di provincia. E'' situata in cima ad un colle e domina la Valle dell''Anapo. Nel 1988 il paese e' diventato un museo in quanto ha proposto le abitazioni e le strutture lavorative di un tempo. Si possono ammirare la bottega del fabbro, la cantina dove veniva pigiata l''uva, la casa del massaro (casa tipica contadina), la bottega del falegname, il frantoio e la bottega del calzolaio. L''orecchio di Dionigi: tra le varie bellezze che si possono ammirare visitando la citta di Siracusa, si possono vedere le caratteristiche ''latomie'', cave di pietra da cui si estraeva il materiale per costruire gli edifici della citta greca. La piu vasta tra queste e' detta del Paradiso ed e' famosa per la presenza della grotta chiamata ''Orecchio di Dionisio'' a causa della sua forma. Il nome di questa grotta venne dato da Caravaggio in seguito ad una leggenda. Secondo questa leggenda il tiranno Dionigi fece costruire questa grotta per rinchiuderci i suoi prigionieri ed ascoltare le loro conversazioni da un''apertura che si trovava in alto in quanto le parole si udivano meglio perche' amplificate dalla eco. Castello Eurialo: si tratta di una costruzione imponente di periodo greco munita di larghi fossati, torri di avvistamento, ponte levatoio e trincee sotterranee. Fu edificato per volere di Dionigio il Vecchio tra il 402 ed il 397 a.c. (periodo in cui Siracusa era in contrasto con Cartagine). L''entrata di questo maniero e' protetta da ben tre fossati. All''interno del castello vi e' tutta una serie di gallerie che rendeva facile lo spostamento di soldati senza essere visti.


24 Km from B-BDIONISIO
  Area Palazzolo Acreide, Augusta, Belvedere
Pantalica, or rather the ancient center of Syracuse, is a place archeological nature of the province of Syracuse. It is one of the most important prehistoric sites in Sicily, useful to understand the moment of transition from the Bronze Age to the Iron Age in the island. In 2005 the site was awarded, along with the city of Syracuse, as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO for its high historical, archaeological, caving and landscape. The location of Pantalica gave its name to a famous story by Vincenzo Consolo, stones Pantalica, where the plateau becomes a metaphor for the human journey. Giarranauti is a large wood at the top of the plateau Pantalica. This area as well as being suggestive of the presence of a forest is also rich in the past, especially in the Byzantine period. Following the paths in the park are the remains of a Byzantine village (we are talking about the sixth and eighth centuries AD), tanneries and mills carved into the rock.


Loc. SP41, RAGUSA, ITALY - SICILIA  Navigatore
41 Km from B-BDIONISIO
  Area Modica, Ispica, Scicli
The church is a church of San Matteo in Scicli ( Ragusa ) , situated on the hill of the same name . It is the symbol of citta'.Una church already existed in the Middle Ages at the same point of the present building , which was represented by paintings and engravings preserved in various churches in Scicli depicting the hill of St. Matthew, with the church and the soaring bell tower located along the apses . In 1404, according to tradition, was buried there hermit St. William , in the Chapel of the Counts of Modica. The present church is the result of an eighteenth-century reconstruction after the earthquake of 1693 the Val di Noto . The church was the city's cathedral until 1874 , the year of the displacement of the mother church in the Jesuit church of St. Ignatius . The building was left abandoned was subject to rapid degradation , being totally private shell ( and sometimes roof). In the nineties, was subjected to restoration, with the realization of a reinforced concrete cover in form of time , which determined static problems because of the heavy weight and the different response to the stresses of the materials used.To construction of the building , placed on the slope of a rocky hill , it was necessary to build a terrace in support of the structures : the spaces below the church were used to crypt used for burials . The plant is a basilica with three aisles of five bays , ending with the transect at the bottom of which there are three rectangular apses . On the four arches that frame the presbytery you set the ring of the dome. The bell tower is integrated into the structures of the right transept . The front two rows , left unfinished , shows the salient features of Sicilian Baroque . Especially in the central party you may notice a usage model of the wall surface and a strong dialogue of tensions between free elements (columns) and volumes ( continuous wall surfaces ) .


Loc. RAGUSA - SICILIA  Navigatore
42 Km from B-BDIONISIO
  Area Modica, Giarratana, Zappulla

Ragusa e' una delle province della regione Sicilia e si trova sul versante meridionale dei Monti Iblei costeggiata dai fiumi Irminio e Ippari. Storicamente Ragusa ha delle origini antichissime in quanto si attesta la presenza umana gia dal III millennio a.c. Divenne nucleo cittadino con la conquista dei Siculi e successivamente dei Greci, dei Cartaginesi, dei Romani e dei Bizantini. Divento nel IX secolo un''importamnte centro economico saraceno e tra l''XI ed il XII secolo fu sotto il dominio dei Normanni ed in seguito dei signori locali Chiromonte grazie ai quali si strutturo come citta medievale. Nel 1693 vi fu un terribile terremoto che distrusse completamente la citta (Ibla) che venne interamente ricostruita parallelamente alla nuova citta (Ragusa) posta su un rilievo adiacente alla vecchia. Il XVIII secolo fu caratterizzato da duri contrasti tra i due nucle urbani: dopo l''Unita d''Italia vennero costituiti due comuni distinti che poi vennero unificati nel 1926. Da vedere: Il Palazzo Zacco: si tratta di un bellissimo palazzo gentilizio in stile barocco che sulla facciata presenta un enorme stemma della famiglia ed uno splendido portale d''ingresso con colonne adornate con capitelli corinzi. Queste colonne sostengono un balcone chiuso da una ringhiera decorata con fiori in ferro. Gli altri balconi del palazzo sono molto eleganti in quanto decorati da maschere che rappresentano scene di vita quotidiana. Uno di questi balconi e' decorato da una sirena accompagnata da suonatori a ricordare le sfarzose feste e banchettiche venivano tenuti nel palazzo. Modica: questa cittadina dista circa 15 km da Ragusa ed e' una delle citta piu pittoresche di tutta la Sicilia. Modica si trova nella parte meridionale dei Monti Iblei ed e' divisa in Modica Alta e Modica Bassa. L''aspetto di questa citta e' tardo barocco e risale quasi interamente a dopo il terremoto del 1693: della citta precedente il terremoto rimane ben poco. Modica e' ua citta pittoresca ed affscinante per il suo aspetto tipicamente barocco, per le sue stradine e vecchie botteghe. Di particolare da vedere c''e' il Museo Ibleo delle Arti e delle Tradizioni Popolari in cui sono conservate strumenti, attrezzature delle botteghe antiche e degli artigiani. Cattedrale di Ragusa: questa chiesa e' stata costruita nel XVIII secolo si trova in una bellissima terrazza pensile sostenuta da un loggiato, nella piazza centrale della citta. Possiede un''elegante e raffinata facciata ed una bellissima cupola in stile neoclassico. All''interno e' strutturata su una base a croce latina con tre navate con bellissime vetrate con cui si raffigura il martirio di San Giorgio. All''interno sono conservate alcune tele di Vito d''Anna, un reliquario d''argento.


21 Km from B-BDIONISIO
  Area Pachino, Avola, Ispica
The resounding success ecological Vendicari is due to the multiplicity of its habitat distributed in different habitats: rocky, sandy coast, Mediterranean, marshes (brackish and freshwater), salt marshes, scrubland and cultivated areas. The fauna in the area is rich in bird and varies according to the seasons and the physiology of the animals themselves.


37 Km from B-BDIONISIO
  Area Ispica, Scicli, Zappulla
Santa Maria del Focallo, is a beautiful and extensive beach of the town of Ispica, with crystal clear water and the underwater dream. It stretches for thousands of feet, also characterized by a lush strip of natural vegetation consists mainly of Acacia. Has always been used by local people for day trips outside the city or simply to spend a Sunday at sea. It houses one of the resorts of the circuit Great Journeys called Marispica. In 2011 he obtained, for the first time, the Blue Flag, reconfirmed in subsequent years. The Blue Flag award is the result of a process related to the preservation and enhancement of the coastal zone. The clean sea, the beauty of the beaches, the presence of green areas, the quality of tourism infrastructure and services present in the area prepared by the City for the use of the beaches, have made that received the deserved recognition. It remains in the stories of the elderly, the story of Operation Husky on 10 July 1943, which led to the landing of Canadian soldiers, as witnessed by the plaque near the border with the territory of Pachino.


Loc. AUGUSTA - SICILIA  Navigatore
27 Km from B-BDIONISIO
  Area Belvedere, Siracusa, Sortino
Megara Hyblaea is the Latin name of Megara Hybla'ia ( ), an ancient Greek colony in Sicily, situated near Augusta. It was founded in 728 B.C. by colonists from Megara, who previously had settled near Trotilon (the current Brucoli), to Leontini and Thapsos. Thucydides tells us that it was founded by the oecist Lamis, from Megara Nisea who died in the nearby Thapsos. According to tradition, the megaresi obtained the land on which to establish the colony from the Sicilian king Iblone. In gratitude the new city also assumed the title of the UNESCO. About a hundred years later, the iblei, probably in search of new land for their development, founded Selinunte. It has never seemed to be a city of great importance and has never drawn any advantage from his position. It was destroyed by Gelon in 481 B.C. around and it seems that its walls were razed. In the Athenian expedition against Syracuse (415-413 BC), Lamachus proposed (being then deserted) to make it a base of operations in the Athenian force; but his proposal was not taken into consideration until the Syracusans themselves do not fortified. In 309 B.C. was again fortified. During the Second Punic War it was destroyed by the troops of the consul Marcus Claudius Marcellus, who was besieging Syracuse. The city was never rebuilt, and in later times only isolated farms settled on its territory. According to some authors he was the birthplace of the playwright Epicarmo. The city is in some way linked to the evolution that led the singing spree (komos) to evolve into farcical mime to outline a new literary genre, the Greek comedy.


Loc. SIRACUSA - SICILIA  Navigatore
14 Km from B-BDIONISIO
Altitude: 42 mt. a.s.l.  Area Carrozziere, Belvedere, Augusta
  Brochure PDF
The Ear of Dionysius (or Ear of Dionysius ) is an artificial cave that is located in the ancient quarry called latomia of Heaven, not far from the Greek Theatre in Siracusa.Scavata high limestone cave is about 23 meters wide by 5 to 11 m, and grows to 65 m in depth , with a trend to S. According to legend, his particular form of donkey ear minted to the painter Caravaggio , who went into the city aretusea in 1608 in the company of the historic Syracuse Vincenzo Mirabella , the expression Ear of Dionysius . According to tradition, in fact, the tyrant Dionysius dug the cave where the prisoners locked up , and lurking inside a hollow upper listened to their speeches. Due to its shape , the Ear of Dionysius has acoustic characteristics such as to amplify sounds up to 16 times . According to some, the presence of the cavity underneath the auditorium of the Greek Theatre , favors the acoustics of the theater . It has recently been proposed by the Platonic rename the Ear of Dionysius Plato's Cave , considering the fact that the Athenian philosopher was one of the prisoners of the tyrant of Syracuse , and that, in the central books of the Republic , the myth of the cave is evoked with images that recall from the quarry near Syracuse.


14 Km from B-BDIONISIO
  Area Carrozziere, Belvedere, Augusta
The Shrine of Our Lady of Tears was erected in memory of the miraculous tearing of plaster effigy depicting the Immaculate Heart of Mary, placed at the head of the spouses Iannuso at their humble home on Via degli Orti in Syracuse, in 1953. This miraculous event was repeated from 29 August to 1 September 1953 in the general emotion of an immense multitude of the faithful , in the house of the spouses Iannuso . Collect the tears were subjected to scientific analysis that would be tear fluid . The devotion that followed was of enormous proportions . The small image of Our Lady of Tears, first provisionally admitted in the nearby Piazza Euripides, was placed inside the Sanctuary . The work was designed in 1957 by French architects Michel and Pierre Parat Andrault following an international competition . The construction began in 1966 , due to the extreme modernity of the project from the beginning there were a lot of controversy from the citizens and believes that he considered the work a monster of concrete that was to weigh further on a ' urban area already heavily compromised, these diatribes he delayed much the realization that ended only in 1994. During the excavation of the foundations was found an area housing the sixth century BC and brought to light a piece of road. This road was the main street of the neighborhood Akradina . Construction was completed after about 28 years and the sanctuary was inaugurated on 6 November 1994 by Pope John Paul II.


37 Km from B-BDIONISIO
Altitude: 532 mt. a.s.l.  Area Buccheri, Palazzolo Acreide, Ragusa
In the district Calaforno between Monterosso Almo and Ragusa, has been ongoing for some years an intensive reforestation project that has transformed the barren hilly landscape in a fresh and welcoming pine forest. In an area about 600 meters above sea level, extends, therefore, the Calaforno Forest Park, a wooded area that takes its name from a series of caves that are located further downstream: the cave Calaforno, a series of 35 small rooms, originally used as graves, then transformed over the centuries into homes. The park consists of a green hillside sloping down to the sea, which has a tree cover represented basically by Aleppo pines and along the trails, some oriental plane trees reminiscent of the old riparian vegetation cover and give the area a striking appearance. The area, as mentioned above, has been the subject of a major reforestation plan, which has turned into a real green lung, but surrounded by rocky terrain and arid. For the beauty of the area it is hoped that the park would soon become a protected region, even if the process for this to happen, has not yet been completed. Starting from Giarratana, you can reach the forest and follow the signs for the restaurant 'Two Palms', and along a dirt road that begins at the end of the village. After several twists and turns, running through farmland, forest encounter a gate marked 'Area equipped Calaforno'. Passing through the gate and continue for two miles, through the woods, you begin to see the infrastructure of the typical picnic areas, located first on the right of the road, over a stream, and then to the left, near an old mill water. The building, abandoned but fully functional, was acquired by the forest and partly restored so that it can be visited. In Equipped With several facilities that are well integrated into the environment because all made of wood. Tables and benches for more than 250 seats, many litter bins and a small playground for children, who can spend a leisurely day in a pristine environment. Beware, though: here it is forbidden to light fires so that the area is not equipped with hotplates. Adjacent to the area was made a wildlife area with deer and wild boar, bred for experimental purposes


Loc. SIRACUSA - SICILIA  Navigatore
14 Km from B-BDIONISIO
  Area Carrozziere, Belvedere, Augusta
The church of Saint Lucia and near the Holy Sepulchre outside the city walls were considered as isolated from the remainder of Syracuse , and are located in the district of Saint Lucia . The church, already documented in 1100 , was probably built in the same place where there was a Byzantine basilica was destroyed by the Arabs. Plant age Norman basilica plan , enclosed by apses , preserve the facade , the little portal with characteristic capitals and the first two orders of the bell tower . Subsequent additions and alterations have changed the appearance starting from the fourteenth century, and which traced the rose window of the facade. Other interventions were made in the course of 600, perhaps by John Vermexio , who built shortly after the nearby Church of the Holy Sepulchre (1629) , while not risultandone certain documentation . In the hope of being able to locate the remains of Saint Lucia in a place worthy of his sanctity, and pulled in the seventeenth century of the proceeds of taxes by a more substantial time with which they started the work of the octagonal temple basement , where he was commissioned architect John Vermexio . The factory was interrupted when it appeared at the highest military authorities , in the person of the Duke of Albuquerque, that the building could represent a view of the military citadel , the possible location of artillery , in case of siege . After the war, the baptismal font was installed above the bas-relief of St. John the Baptist carved by Salvo Monica.


Loc. SIRACUSA - SICILIA  Navigatore
14 Km from B-BDIONISIO
  Area Carrozziere, Belvedere, Augusta
Ortigia ( The dialect Ottiggia in Syracuse , Ortygia , in ancient greek ) is the name of the island which is the oldest part of the city of Syracuse portraying their respective constituency , the ninth and last in the city area . Its name derives from the ancient greek ortyx ( ) meaning quail . The extension does not exceed 1 km and its population amounts to about 4,500 inhabitants. Ortygia is an island , situated in the east coast of Sicily. Its geological structure is composed of a rock with natural fractures , this type of rock lends itself to filter the water naturally this reason that explains why the island is connected hydrologically to the mainland Syracuse. The power of this ratio with water can be attributed to a deep aquifer located at a fault , currently inactive , full of water, which is compressed by the impermeable layer of Quaternary clays that lie in the lower valley of ' anapo and around the island of Ortigia and the Plemmirio.


33 Km from B-BDIONISIO
  Area Santa Maria del Focallo, Zappulla, Modica
In the early 80s, a period of maximum production of 'Carota Novella di Ispica, the surfaces of the district came to meet with productions from 3500-4000 has 1,500,000 to 2,000,000 carrots. During the last years remaining surfaces have been reduced in the area around 1300-1500 ha with an average production in good years that are around 650,000-750,000 to quintal of ISTAT data are highly variable, with regard to the production, in relation to the climate. The production of the area bounded represents approximately 90% of the production of Sicily. The companies that have come together to protect and enhance the production of the 'Carota Novella di Ispica represent, in terms of area, production and marketing of 55-60% of the operators who insist area, constituting the representative part of the producers of Carota Novella di Ispica of the territory bounded. Today it is cultivated in about 1500 hectares with a total production of over 75,000 tons. As regards the cultivation of carrot growing areas are in Italy has 12,664, of which 3,390 in Sicily, 26.8% of the total quantity harvested (587,319 tons in Italy, including 128,585 in Sicily, at 21, 9%), and there is a given export amounted to 1.2% of national production, while increasing the share of imported product: over 9,400 tons. In this context, the carrot News of Ispica potential plays a key role in what is the first carrot of quality to enter the market just at the moment of maximum level of imports. The documented origins of Carota Novella di Ispica date back to 1955 and the 50s, its cultivation has gradually enlarged, thanks to great commercial success on the domestic and foreign markets, mainly due to the unique characteristics such as early ripening, the crunchiness, fragrance, color and flavor, as well as the wealth of carotene and glucose. The import-export trade of Italy show an increase in exports of carrots against imports remain broadly stable. In Sicily, the primacy of the production of the core responsibility of the province of Ragusa, which alone accounts for 59% (80,000 ton - ISTAT data) of regional production, followed by the province of Syracuse with 32% (44,200 tons, Istat data). This production, as already said, is characterized by its production cycle and its quality.


38 Km from B-BDIONISIO
  Area Pachino, Santa Maria del Focallo, Ispica
Sicily offers unique places , beautiful and unforgettable , and Pachino is particularly striking for its long and beautiful sandy coastline , the island of Capo Passero , once joined to the mainland , and now easily reached by swimming , or with pedal boats, and especially for the exciting Isola delle Correnti , symbolic watershed between the Ionian Sea and the Mediterranean Sea , with an abandoned military post , a beacon of a beautiful cliff. The ' Island of the Currents ( from the Latin insula Currentium ) , is a small island of Sicily on the Ionian coast , in the municipality of Pachino , with an area of 10,000 square meters . and , with a maximum height of four meters above sea level . It was connected to the mainland by an artificial arm , which was destroyed several times by storms . At low tide , the island is transformed into a peninsula , and only at that moment is the extreme south of the island of Sicily. On the island stands a lighthouse, once inhabited by the lighthouse keeper and his family . We grow seedlings of wild leeks , capers and other shrubs typical of the Mediterranean , and in 1987 the island was included in the master plan of parks and nature reserves, for the presence of salt-tolerant coastal vegetation with biotic and psammophilous relict .


Loc. BELVEDERE - SICILIA  Navigatore
14 Km from B-BDIONISIO
  Area Carrozziere, Siracusa, Augusta
The Euryalus Castle , situated near the village of Belvedere is the culmination of the fortification of the city of Syracuse, whose name seems to allude to that of greek Euryelo ( nail head ) . Wanted by Dionysius , tyrant of Syracuse , stands on the highest point (120 m asl) on the terrace of the neighborhood Epipoli about 7 km from Siracusa , in the direction of the village of Belvedere . The construction of this massive military work dating was built between 402 and 397 BC with the aim of protecting the city from any military operations of siege or attack. The entrance to the castle is protected by three ditches. The smallest prime is 6 m long 4 m deep , while the second 86 m from the first, is about 50 m long defense of advanced work behind which is the third 17m wide moat 9 m deep . Following this path we find a fence and the tower, which has a trapezoidal shape , defended by five large towers. Beyond the tower there is a large enclosure where there was the front door to the castle opened to a wall thickness of about 5 m . The whole construction of the strategic elements that had served to surprise the possible assailants as , for example, the intricate sussegursi of tunnels that gave him a chance to move troops from one point to another of the fortress without being seen or the door invited ( work pincer ), located in the northern section of the walls , where those who had attempted to enter it would have been under attack by militia surrounded the castle. Inside the building will also feature the various service environments for soldiers such as kitchens housing warehouses tanks and so on. After the Roman conquest of the city in 212 BC by the Consul Marcellus , the great military dell'Eurialo was modified until the Byzantine era when it was rebuilt using a portion of the materials taken from other parts ruined .


40 Km from B-BDIONISIO
  Area Ispica, Portopalo di capo Passero, Pachino
The island of Leek is an island of Italy, located in the channel of Malta, Sicily. Administratively it belongs to the territory of Ispica Italian town in the province of Ragusa. It is located in front of the village of Santa Maria del Focallo. 150 m wide and 125 m long, is made for more than three rocks. The biggest rock has a size of just over a hundred meters per side. Due to the small, vegetation is almost non-existent and the only way this plant is made up of leek (Allium ampeloprasum) from where he assumed its current name. Along with the forest on the coast and marshes has recently protected as an area of Integral Reserve. Every year is a destination for scuba diving. The testimony of some of the elders said that this island, the early twentieth century was an area where hunting is practiced, and that he had already started to shrink because of the tides in the later period; According to some reconstructions, it is thought that at one time the island was at one with the coast, and that, precisely because of the currents and seismic movements, breaking away from the coast and has gone to shrink more and piu'.Nel 1989 were found several skeletons of men who were dated around the tenth century. It is thought that they are the remains of the family of Allah Ziyadat III, one of the last emirs Aglabite in Tunisia in 903, fearing a conspiracy against him, he ed his father, uncle and thirty other members of the court, and made the corpses to the island of leeks. The identification of the place called island of Leek in Arabic sources, however, a degree of uncertainty due to a namesake island, which is located on the coast of Tunisia.


28 Km from B-BDIONISIO
  Area Buccheri, Giarratana, Sortino
Akrai was among the first colonies of Syracuse founded by the Corinthians arrived in the Sicilian regions: Akrai near Pantalica Casmene (military outpost on Mount Laurel, in 643), Akrillai on the way to Gela and Kamarina, the most distant colonies, in 598. Built on top of a hill, Akrai was difficult to attack, and at the same time was an ideal spot to watch over the surrounding territories. Due to the importance of its strategic location, the city grew to reach its peak during the reign of Hiero II (275 BC-215 BC). Faithful in Syracuse, however, had political, administrative and military self, to the point that his army intercepted one of Nicias (421 BC) in the Noto Valley or Valley dell'Anapo and contributed to his defeat. In 211 BC, after the fall of Syracuse, became part of the Roman province taking the Latin name of Acre. The city then passed under Byzantine rule until the Arab invasion. The town was completely destroyed by the Arabs in 827, and the site was abandoned, was slowly covered with soil and vegetation out of sight and being forgotten for nearly eight centuries. One of the first scholars who chose the site of the lost city was the Sicilian scholar Thomas Fazello; later others will be interested and in particular Palazzolo, Gabriel Baron Judica, which in the early part of the nineteenth century undertook the first archaeological excavations at the site of Akrai and described his research in his book Antiquities of Acre published in 1819. The subsequent excavations of the ancient city unearthed the theater, small but in excellent condition. On the back there are two quarries, stone quarries, called Carved and Intagliatella the mid-fourth century BC On the plateau above the latomia Intagliata are the basic building blocks dell'Aphrodision, the Temple of Aphrodite built in the sixth century BC On the western side lies the Bouleuterion where the city council met. To the east of the hill there are the Ferali temples dedicated to the worship of the dead.


26 Km from B-BDIONISIO
  Area Palazzolo Acreide, Buccheri, Augusta
The site is diversified and offers diverse ecological environments that allow the expression of a very significant biodiversity. In addition to the aquatic biotope, we can distinguish the riparian environment, one of the walls of the valley, the plains and caves. In the crystal clear waters of the river, thanks to the torrential nature, are ideal dwelling trout and brown trout in Sicily. On the bottom is around tench. You can also find eels and crayfish.



Sicily is the largest Italian Island, separated from the continent by the Strait of Messina and lapped by the Ionian, the Tyrrhenian and the Mediterranean Seas. It is one of the pearls of Southern Italy and can be discovered, understood and experienced through a series of itineraries dedicated to all tastes ranging from nature to history and tradition. Nature seems to have endowed all of its wonders to this land: mountains, hills and above all the Mediterranean Sea, with its incredible colours, its crystal-clear water and the beauty of its seabeds, in no way inferior to those of other seas. Here, the Mediterranean Sea, with its many little islands scattered around the coasts of Sicily, offers unique and intense sceneries, scents and flavours of an uncontaminated nature. Last but not least, are the great volcanoes, symbols of the irresistible exuberance of this incredibly charming region. The fascination of this region grows with the precious archeological vestiges that tell the story of the ancient origins of Trinacria (ancient name for Sicily). The provinces of the region are: Palermo (regional capital), Agrigento, Catania, Caltanissetta, Enna, Messina, Ragusa, Siracusa and Trapani.