Loc. CANNOBIO - LOMBARDIA
41 Km from YOLKIPALKI
Altitude: 211 mt. a.s.l. Area Cannero Riviera, Maccagno con Pino e Veddasca, Luino
Cannobio (Canobi in the local Western Lombard dialect) is an Italian town of 5,181 inhabitants in the province of Verbania. It is located on the northwestern shore of Lake Maggiore and at the mouth of the Valley Cannobina; the extension of the joint is very high, about 51 square kilometers, due to the number of fractions distributed in the area. In the years 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2007, 2010, 2011, 2012 and 2013 he was awarded the prestigious environmental recognition of the FEE, the Blue Flag, thanks to great service water purification and a precise plan of separate collection of waste. The town has been awarded since 2011, the orange flag from the Italian Touring Club. Cannobio is a director of international connection, the State road 34 of Lake Maggiore from Gravellona Toce (VB) reaches the state border of Piaggio Valmara, where you enter in Switzerland. From Cannobio also part of the Provincial Road 75 Valley Cannobina former Highway 631 Valley Cannobina leading in the Valley from which you can reach via the Highway 337 Vigezzo Valley, the so-called Valley of the painters, the Shrine of King and Domodossola . The town is also connected with the rest of Lake Maggiore through lines of hydrofoils and ferries that are often used for summer cruises to Switzerland (Locarno, Ascona) or down the lake (Borromean Islands, Santa Caterina del Sasso, etc.). The town has ancient origins, perhaps pre-Roman; prove some cremation burials, came to light between the XVI and XVII century near the present via Campo Recio. After the annexation to the Roman Empire in northern Italy and the Alpine valleys (first century BC), Cannobio was certainly a mall and strategic and home to a lake fleet. The Roman origin of the village can be found by identifying, today difficult, the thistle and the decumanus, typical of the Roman camp, the streets Giovanola Antonio Recio and Field, the site of the residence of the commander of the garrison. There is no precise information on the change of the country during the collapse of the empire, but it is thought that the area was not touched by the big barbarian invasions from the north, as opposed to other Italian areas.
Certain facts about the existence of the village we find them in the tenth century: in 929 you know for sure that it was the seat of a curtis regia. The Middle Ages was undoubtedly very prosperous, especially in terms of manufacturing and trade, and in 1207 Cannobio held the title of Borgo. Officially since 1992, but actually from 1994, Cannobio is part of the Province of Verbano-Cusio-Ossola, spun off from the Province of Novara. Since 2006, Cannobio, by virtue of his vocation tourist-economic, had the official recognition of the status of the city.
(In the picture: The main street named after A. Giovanola). The late medieval period was characterized by the historical link with the city of Milan, also in the diocesan and ecclesiastical: by virtue of this bond Cannobio and some neighboring towns used and still use the Ambrosian rite for liturgical functions, unlike other centers of the Piedmont side of the lake, always linked to the Roman rite. In 1817 it was decreed the passage of Cannobio and of other towns of Lake Maggiore by the Archdiocese of Milan to the diocese of Novara, while maintaining the Ambrosian rite. This decision led, in later years, to some friction with some bishops of the chair Gaudenzian, likely to eliminate the Ambrosian rite in place of the Roman one. The most avid supporter of this change was the cardinal, bishop of Novara, Giuseppe Morozzo Della Rocca, who changed his mind only during a pastoral visit to Cannobio in 1824, after he realized the determination of the local population not to accept the change of rite . Throughout the period of the Wars of Independence (1818-1860), Cannobio was part of Piedmont and Savoy was an important center of the border (the eastern shore of Lake was Austrian); the Cannobio proudly recall the famous defense against an attack via Austrian lake, which was rejected, on the night of 27 to 28 May 1859. The end of the nineteenth century was marked by the introduction of numerous industries, now disappeared, which characterized the history of the country: the silk factory, tanneries, paper mills, etc. During the two world wars, Cannobio sent many of his men as soldiers at the front, and many of them never returned. It has recently been made a Memory Park (in a little-used) with tombstones and monuments that recall the fallen Cannobio the two wars, moving the monument to the fallen, originally placed at the center of the lake. The postwar period was characterized by a strong immigration of people who came from southern Italy, Sardinia and Veneto due to the proximity of the village with Switzerland that guaranteed various job prospects; even then, in fact, local industries were in crisis and ended up being closed in a matter of thirty years (the last, SA Metallic Oxides, in 1989). The country's economy is based mainly on summer tourism from Germany, Switzerland, the Netherlands and France, and on the movements of frontier workers.