The Gurfa Caves, near Alia, are a vast monument and a rare example of rock-cut architecture, realised along a wall of red sandstone.
Their history and intended use remain a mystery even today. Recent studies have dated them to the fifth century BC; the most striking of them is certainly the large bell-shaped cave & referred to as a tholos & a grand hall evocative of propitiatory myths and ancestral beliefs.
Also unique is its acoustic effect & even a whisper inside the cave can be heard in the cave upstairs.
The Gurfa Caves can be reached easily from Villa Dafne on foot, by mountain bike or on horseback; it is, in fact, just 4 km away.
Soluntum is an ancient Hellenistic city on the northern coast of Sicily, on Mount Catalfano, about 2 kilometers from Santa Flavia, in front of Capo Zafferano, near Palermo. Preceded setting up maritime Punic KFR (about VIII century BC) located on the headland near Solanto, the city was founded in the fourth century BC by the Carthaginians, who remained in control for more than a century. During this time it became a center of maritime traffic, rivaling Palermo and Mozia.Nella new city willing to Hippodomean Pattern Catalfano settled on the mountain (307 BC), with the approval of the Carthaginians, a group of Greek mercenaries abandoned by Agathocles in Africa after bankruptcy of his expedition. The presence of a strong core Greece is, moreover, confirmed not only by the very nature of their construction and decoration, by the presence of inions in greek, and the type of the judiciary and of the priesthoods in to be remembered: the Zeus of Amphipolis Olympian and hiero'thytai. In 254 BC, during the First Punic War, the city fell to the Romans, as Iatai, Tindari and others. We know from Cicero that it was part of the civitates decumanae. The news later is derived from the only Latin inion discovered in Soluntum, a dedication of the res publica Soluntinorum Plautilla Fulvia, wife of Caracalla. Judging from archaeological materials seems that the site, in the semi-desert and decay since the first century, it was finally abandoned shortly thereafter. The excavations began in 1825 due to the interest of the Commission of Antiquities and Fine Arts, and on this occasion it was found a statue of Zeus enthroned now housed in the Regional Archaeological Museum Antonio Salinas; it is characterized by the body carved in limestone and the local head of white marble, while the throne is decorated with reliefs depicting crowned by Nike Ares, Aphrodite, Eros and the Graces. The excavation continued in 1836 and in 1863, releasing a part of the city, but they were resumed in 1952 and continued in subsequent years. It is thus brought to light a significant sector of the urban fabric, which allows us to reconstruct the structure fully reorganized around the middle of the fourth century BC The city occupies the plateau of Mount Catalfano, which slopes from west to east, and is partly collapsed on the north side. The area originally was to be about 18 acres, and was divided regularly - according to the dictates of urban Hippodamus from Miletus - a series of streets oriented north-east to south-west, intersected by minor axes perpendicular, which, being willing perpendicular to the slope, are mostly made up of stairs.
Loc. PARCO NATURALE REGIONALE DELLE MADONIE, PALERMO, ITALIA - SICILIA
31 Km from VILLA DAFNE
Area Montemaggiore Belsito, Caccamo, Alia
The flora is the main character of the Park. This botanical paradise and its peaks reaching 1,979 meters above sea level, is home to more than half of the 2,600 species found in Sicily and about 150 of the 200 endemic species. The most representative is the 'Abies Nebrodensis with 29 specimens. The fauna is characterized by 65% of the nesting birds and all mammals in Sicily. Very important are also the geological and landscape. In many ways it is possible to observe extraordinary landscapes including Mount Etna, Nebrodis and the Aeolian Islands, the sunrises and sunsets tinged with gorgeous colors giving it an almost unreal.
RISERVA NATURALE ORIENTATA MONTE SAN CALOGERO Apri
Loc. RISERVA NATURALE ORIENTATA MONTE SAN CALOGERO, PALERMO, ITALIA - SICILIA
20 Km from VILLA DAFNE
Area Casteldaccia, Montemaggiore Belsito, Alia
Monte San Calogero geologically is a large anticline (folded portion of the earth's crust by tectonic forces that do emerge) that sinks in E-SE direction. More than a mount would be more correct to call it mountain of San Calogero tem looks like a mighty massif composed of limestone and dolomite originated from the Mesozoic onwards, siliceous layers and the so-called Numidian flysch (of sedimentary).
Ficuzza , 682 m above sea level, is a hamlet of the town of Corleone in the province of Palermo. The small residential enclave of the vast municipality of Monreale, is located in the center of the state-owned forest omonimo.La birth is due to the Bourbon king Ferdinand III of Sicily that here he built a hunting lodge in 1799 , called the Real Casina di Caccia, after purchasing the feuds racks , Wolf and Ficuzza , before belonging to the clergy . The king's passion for hunting led thus the birth of the first nucleus of the Real borgata.La hunting lodge was built in the grounds of Ficuzza , starting in 1799 , King Ferdinand III of Sicily , and is characterized by its rectangular facade and strict. The design of the building was drawn up by the architect Carlo royal Chenchi with changes made by the architect Joseph Venantius Marvuglia . The building has a rectangular table with neoclassical lines of the Sicilian , dominated by the group of sculptures of the god Pan and the goddess Diana with the coat of arms Bourbon . Along with the building were built smaller buildings and the central square . Around it grew over time the small town .
In 1871 he was entrusted Ficuzza Forestry Administration , who will administer the woods, the building , the township and the residents .
The building was reopened to the public in April 2009
In winter, the best way to combat the ills of the season is to do plenty of vitamin C. This is known. But few know, however, that there is a fruit in particular that contains more than others, as much as 40%. And 'the PGI Red Orange of Sicily.
This characteristic is due to the presence in its pulp pigments, called anthocyanins, which give it the red color, and a remarkable concentration of antioxidants (ascorbic acid addition to the aforementioned flavonoids), which help fight free radicals, responsible for the 'aging. Making the body more resistant to various diseases of various kinds including bronchitis, cardiovascular disease, headaches and rheumatism.
Rich in water (87%), low in fat (34 calories per 100 grams) and protein, the PGI Red Orange of Sicily contains many minerals like calcium, phosphorus, potassium, iron, selenium, and especially different vitamins including, in addition to vitamin C, A, B1, and B2.
But that's not all. Improves the respiratory tem facilitates the deposition of calcium and phosphorus in bones and teeth, it is indicated in the diet of pregnant women and menopause. Moreover carotenes are pres of vitamin A good allies of the visual tem and fight infection of various nature.
The area of production is between the provinces of Enna, Catania and Siracusa. The Red Orange of Sicily is an example of the close link between climatic factors and product characteristics; the same varieties of orange, in fact, grown in other climates do not have the particular color and specific organoleptic characteristics that made them famous in the world.
The PGI Red Orange of Sicily, the fruit with a sweet taste and characteristic, is commercially available in three varieties: Tarocco, Moro and Sanguinello. Thanks to the valuable nutritional properties and juiciness is to be preferred to the other oranges. And it is good to consume especially at this time of year, because in these months the fruit expresses the best of its beneficial qualities in terms of taste and flavor.
Juice or wedges, the Red Orange of Sicily is the closest ally of our health and tasty.
The picnic area Savochello-Monte Cammarata is located in a beautiful pine forest with a recreational area for children, which can accommodate up to 300 visitors. To get there, follow the road that leads from Santo Stefano di Quisquina Cammarata. Once at the forest domain called Ledera, marked by specific signs, we must take the only road that leads to the top of the mountain. The area is also equipped with toilets, cooking areas, bike paths and nature trails.
Any cheese is produced from sheep's milk and through the same production techniques. Why, then, the Pecorino Siciliano DOP is a unique and unrepeatable excellence from outside of the source? The quality of the cheese depends on the breed and type of feeding sheep, these factors determine the amount of fat in milk. The pastures from which the flock is fed heavily branded milk product, nutrition grazing spontaneously moved to milk all the flavors and all the perfumes of the territory. Contrary to the dynamics of territoriality and tradition are the industrial processes. Feeding animals with feed and pasteurizing milk, all the aromas present in the raw material. Are obtained in this way the cheese flavor common, approved and without personality. The Sicilian pecorino DOP is made exclusively from whole sheep's milk, fresh and coagulated with lamb rennet. The milk to make cheese comes from sheep raised on pasture spontaneous. Salting is applied manually on each shape. The aging is performed in ventilated rooms naturally and is not less than 4 months. Only in this way the Sicilian pecorino DOP acquires its own personality, keeping itself all the flavors of Sicily.
RISERVA NATURALE ORIENTATA PIZZO CANE, PIZZO TRIGNA E GROTTA MAZZAMUTO
RISERVA NATURALE ORIENTATA PIZZO CANE, PIZZO TRIGNA E GROTTA MAZZAMUTO Apri
Loc. RISERVA NATURALE ORIENTATA PIZZO CANE, PIZZO TRIGNA E GROTTA MAZZAMUTO, PALERMO, ITALIA - SICILIA
26 Km from VILLA DAFNE
Area Caccamo, Santa Flavia, Mezzojuso
This mountain range has not only limestone due to sedimentation of the shells and skeletons of animals in the depths of the ancient sea Mesozoic era, but also the presence of silica walls, arranged in parallel lamellae to mixed incoherent elements (shale) formed by the 'slow and steady accumulation over the centuries from the husks of micro-organisms (diatoms and radiolarians) and siliceous sponges in the seabed. Not only on Pizzo Cane, inside limestones, there are intrusions of volcanic rocks that come to surface.
Caltanissetta e' una delle province della regione Sicilia. Si trova nella parte interna dell''isola ai piedi del monte San Giuliano. Questa sua posizione geografica ha favorito notevolmente l''insediamento di varie popolazioni tra cui i Siculi, i Sicani e soprattutto i Greci. In seguito nell''829 venne conquistata dagli Arabi e prese il nome di Kastra-Nissa. Successivamente venne dominata dai Normanni, dagli Svevi, dagli Angioini e dagli Aragonesi e poi da alcune signorie siciliane. Nel 1860 venne poi annessa al Regno d''Italia dopo un lungo dominio di Spagnoli e Borboni. Questa grande storia eterogenea ha lasciato tracce indelebili sul territorio nisseno: si trovano infatti bellissimi siti archeologici, castelli medievali con torri di avvistamento, palazzi e bellissime chiese di vari comuni, impianti minerari (solfare) ed i forni di arricchimento dello zolfo (gills) oggi rimasti come testimonianza dell''industria solfifera siciliana. Da vedere: Castello di Falconara: originariamente questo castello era una torre di avvistamento. Questa costruzione sorge sulla costa a ovest di Gela e nel corso dei secoli ha subito numerose modifiche che gli hanno conferito l''aspetto di un vero e proprio maniero medievale. Nei primi anni del XIX secolo divenne proprieta di Giorgio Wilding che fece aggiungere alla costruzione originaria un salone ed un grande terrazzo a picco sul mare. Successivamente il castello passo ai Chiaramonte che impreziosirono le stanze con quadri, ceramiche e mobili antichi di grande pregio. Abbazia di Santo Spirito: questa e' probabilmente la chiesa piu antica di Caltanissetta. E'' stata costruita prima dell''anno Mille, e' in stile romanico e possiede tre absidi. Nel corso dei secoli ha subito numerose modifche e al suo interno sono conservati dipinti ed opere di grande valore, tra cui antichi testi sacri ed una bellissima fonte battesimale ottenuta da un''urna cineraria romana. Cattedrale: questa chiesa venne edificata tra il 1570 ed il 1622: e' in stile neoclassico ed la pianta a croce latina con tre navate separate da due ordini di colonne. Le navate laterali presentano bellissime nicchie con Statue della Vergine, di gesu Risorto e di alcuni Santi. All''interno della chiesa vi sono anche splendidi affreschi di Guglielmo Borremans (1720) che decorano le colonne, gli altari e la volta. Di notevole pregio sono anche l''organo in stiile barocco e la statua di San Michele Arcangelo (patrono della citta) delXVII secolo (opera di Stefano Li Volsi). La cattedrale ha subito recentamente nuovi restauri. Chiesa di San Sebastiano: questa bellissima chiesa si trova in Piazza Garibaldi accanto alla cattedrale. E''stata costruita nel XVI secolo come dono a San Sebastiano da parte del popolo della citta per ringraziarlo della liberazione dalla pesta bubbonica. Nel corso dei secoli questa chiesa ha subito ingrandimenti, rimaneggiamenti e restauri: la nuova facciata che possiede ricchi elementi architettonici risale ai primi anni del XIX secolo e venne realizzata dall''architetto Pasquale Saetta.
RISERVA NATURALE ORIENTATA BOSCO DI FAVARA E BOSCO GRANZA
RISERVA NATURALE ORIENTATA BOSCO DI FAVARA E BOSCO GRANZA Apri
Loc. RISERVA NATURALE ORIENTATA BOSCO DI FAVARA E BOSCO GRANZA, PALERMO, ITALIA - SICILIA
11 Km from VILLA DAFNE
Area Alia, Caccamo, Petralia Sottana
The forests of the reserve are dominated by cork trees that are associated with oak, flowering ash and oak trees. The shrubs of the undergrowth is rich and reflects the spread of the species typically Sicilian in the woods, such as blackthorn, hawthorn, crab apple, asparagus thorny, butcher's broom, but Mandorlini or bushes by the rich blooms of golden laburnum trifloro, a plant similar to the broom. The lawns in the undergrowth, are tinged with colors in it we find the spring cyclamen, flowering carpet, the saffron branching.
RISERVA NATURALE ORIENTATA BOSCO DELLA FICUZZA Apri
Loc. GODRANO - SICILIA
29 Km from VILLA DAFNE
Area Mezzojuso, Casteldaccia, Roccamena
There are many and varied natural environments of this reserve: one can speak of a real mosaic of vegetation that among his weave includes the oak forest, the cork wood, the wood of deciduous oaks, the Cerreto, shrubs and bushes , rocky areas and semirupestri, wetlands (rivers and lakes), grasslands and scrubland pasture. So much environmental diversity involves a rich overview of species: more than 1,000 plant species.
RISERVA NATURALE ORIENTATA MONTI DI PALAZZO ADRIANO E VALLE DEL SOSIO
RISERVA NATURALE ORIENTATA MONTI DI PALAZZO ADRIANO E VALLE DEL SOSIO Apri
Loc. RISERVA NATURALE ORIENTATA MONTI DI PALAZZO ADRIANO E VALLE DEL SOSIO, ITALIA - SICILIA
35 Km from VILLA DAFNE
Area Contessa Entellina, Ribera, Cammarata
Here reside the oldest fossils and precious of Sicily, and have built up stratified since the Permian and that go to make up the limestone cliffs. These foraminifera, sponges, bryozoans, brachiopods, ammonites, trilobites and ostracods, all marine animals lived in one arm of the archaic Tethys Ocean, the ancestor of the Mediterranean current, which is wedged in the continent of Pangaea before it was fragmented into the current continents .
Nocellara del Belice is a horticultural product Italian with two designations of origin (PDO). It is an olive particularly big and tasty, which is produced in the province of Trapani, mainly in the triangle between Castelvetrano, Partanna and Campobello di Mazara. Being an olive dual attitude is also produced excellent table olive. Collection by the end of September, produces an oil smell and taste particularly interesting understood and full-bodied, fruity with hints of tomato, the Valle del Belice DOP (at least 70%) and the Valleys Trapanesi DOP. It is recommended for roasts and side dishes of vegetables, both raw and cooked. It is the only product in Europe to have two PDO for the same variety: Valle del Belice for oil (OJ L 273, 21:08:04) and Nocellara del Belice for the table olive (OJ L . 15 of 21/01/98). The olive Nocellara del Belice is used for the production of Belicino, a cheese product recognized agroalmentare Traditional (PAT) Sicilian.
Caccamo (Ca'ccamu in Sicilian) is an Italian town of 8,526 inhabitants in the province of Palermo in Sicily. Are uncertain about the origins and history of the country, given that very few historical documents to draw on for information on the origins. It is assumed that the first layout was made by the Carthaginians, refugees in the country after Himera (in the vicinity of the Termini Imerese) was destroyed by Gelon, tyrant of Syracuse. But have also been found traces of Byzantine and later also some names of neighborhoods and districts in circumstances indicate the presence of a nucleus buckwheat (the same name Caccamo could be of Arabic origin). Later, in 1094, Caccamo was entrusted to the Normans, which was granted in fief to Godfrey de Sageyo. The town is a medieval town dominated by its castle high on a hill in the oldest part of the country. A Caccamo was born architect and Mannerist painter Nicasio Azzarello (Contino and Mantia, 1998), disciple and son of the architect, painter and cartographer Palermo Antonino Spatafora, brother of the architect and painter termitano Vincenzo La Barbera. The Azzarello worked, as an architect at the Quattro Canti (octagon Piazza Villena) of Palermo. His only known painting, as recently documented Contino and Mantia (2001), is the Annunciation Church of the Monastery of Termini Imerese, carried out together with the disciple, the termitano Francesco La Quaraisima.
Excursions and attractions in SICILIA close to ALIA Montemaggiore Belsito Cammarata Caccamo:
'GROTTE DELLA GURFA'
'PARCO NATURALE REGIONALE DELLE MADONIE'
'RISERVA NATURALE ORIENTATA MONTE SAN CALOGERO'
'REAL CASINA DI CACCIA DI FICUZZA'
'ARANCIA ROSSA DI SICILIA'
'RISERVA NATURALE ORIENTATA MONTE CAMMARATA'
'PECORINO SICILIANO DOP'
'RISERVA NATURALE ORIENTATA PIZZO CANE, PIZZO TRIGNA E GROTTA MAZZAMUTO'
'RISERVA NATURALE ORIENTATA BOSCO DI FAVARA E BOSCO GRANZA'
'RISERVA NATURALE ORIENTATA BOSCO DELLA FICUZZA'
'RISERVA NATURALE ORIENTATA MONTI DI PALAZZO ADRIANO E VALLE DEL SOSIO'
'OLIVA NOCELLARA DEL BELICE DOP'
Sicily is the largest Italian Island, separated from the continent by the Strait of Messina and lapped by the Ionian, the Tyrrhenian and the Mediterranean Seas.
It is one of the pearls of Southern Italy and can be discovered, understood and experienced through a series of itineraries dedicated to all tastes ranging from nature to history and tradition.
Nature seems to have endowed all of its wonders to this land: mountains, hills and above all the Mediterranean Sea, with its incredible colours, its crystal-clear water and the beauty of its seabeds, in no way inferior to those of other seas.
Here, the Mediterranean Sea, with its many little islands scattered around the coasts of Sicily, offers unique and intense sceneries, scents and flavours of an uncontaminated nature. Last but not least, are the great volcanoes, symbols of the irresistible exuberance of this incredibly charming region. The fascination of this region grows with the precious archeological vestiges that tell the story of the ancient origins of Trinacria (ancient name for Sicily).
The provinces of the region are: Palermo (regional capital), Agrigento, Catania, Caltanissetta, Enna, Messina, Ragusa, Siracusa and Trapani.
IdeasForTravels Id: 341JSI2OG9RDQPNA
C/DA COZZO DI CICERO
90021 - ALIA - SICILIA - ITALIA
Area Montemaggiore Belsito Cammarata Caccamo
VAT Code 05966740820
villa dafne - agritourism farmhouse - alia - excursions - attractions - points of interest - montemaggiore belsito cammarata caccamo - sicilia - italia