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b&b villa dante - excursions points of interest attractions in messina

 BED AND BREAKFAST B&B VILLA DANTE

BED AND BREAKFAST
B&B VILLA DANTE

Excursions, points of interest and attractions close to MESSINA Reggio Calabria Fiumedinisi Santo Stefano in Aspromonte

FONTANA DEL NETTUNO

FONTANA DEL NETTUNO  Apri
Loc. MESSINA - SICILIA  Navigatore
4 Km from B&B VILLA DANTE
  Area Reggio Calabria, Santo Stefano in Aspromonte, Fiumedinisi
The Fountain of Neptune is a monumental fountain of the city of Messina. This is the second work carried out in the city (in 1557) by Giovanni Angelo Montorsoli, in which the author expresses creative genius with the powerful style of Michelangelo. The original position of the Neptune Fountain in front of the Palazzata was on the docks, with their backs to the sea, symbolizing the God who blesses Neptune, the richness of its sea, the city of Messina. Today, however, the Neptune fountain was moved further north, and rotated to the front of the sea, changing the symbology. In the original position, the Fountain of Neptune was perfectly aligned with the other two works by Montorsoli, the Fountain of Orion and the lantern of St. Ranieri (the lighthouse of the port).

SANTO STEFANO IN APROMONTE

SANTO STEFANO IN APROMONTE  Apri
Loc. SANTO STEFANO IN ASPROMONTE REGGIO CALABRIA, ITALY - CALABRIA  Navigatore
22 Km from B&B VILLA DANTE
Altitude: 864 mt. a.s.l.  Area Reggio Calabria, Messina, Bova
Santo Stefano in Aspromonte is a nice mountain village perched on a rocky outcrop of the broad stream of Gaul, on the Tyrrhenian side of the harsh mountainous province of Reggio Calabria. The territory, a distinctly tourist vocation, is particularly interesting from the point of view of landscape and environment, both at lower altitudes, predominantly rural, both at the higher ones, the most populated and particularly suited to the summer and winter holidays. The vegetation consists mainly of olive trees and chestnut trees, up to a thousand meters above sea level, above which prevail beech, pine and fir trees. At an altitude of 1300 meters there is a winter and summer resort of Gambarie, part of the municipality of Santo Stefano. The country shows the typical features of the mountain villages: neat and clean streets, many ladders, crisp air, wood sheds. The old town is full of interesting corners: steep steps, noble buildings well preserved, features fountains, terraced houses built and narrow alleys from which you can admire landscapes of great charm. The town, which lies in the area of Aspromonte National Park is renowned for its natural beauty and is visited by many tourists throughout the year. In Santo Stefano in Aspromonte you can also visit the remains of the ancient abbey of St. Basilian John and Castaneto in the cave of S. Sylvester. The center is renowned for the production of oil, grains and fruits, among its dense forests, you can finally pick up, in autumn, excellent mushrooms and tasty chestnuts.

BOVA MARINA

BOVA MARINA  Apri
Loc. BOVA MARINA RC, ITALIA - CALABRIA  Navigatore
43 Km from B&B VILLA DANTE
  Area Bova, Casignana, San Luca
Bova Marina was founded by Monsignor Dalmatius D'Andrea, bishop of Reggio-Bova, when in 1870, bought by the Royal Property, a strip of land Siderone coasting the river and in the middle of the deserted countryside. D'Andrea divided the land acquired by the state, and gave it to the peasants who wanted to get down the mountain, forming a small conurbation. Bova Marina, located on ancient Jewish settlements, Byzantine and grecanici, whose remains are still visible in surrounding areas. In 1908, a Royal Decree was d an independent municipality. In those same years, the railway came. Since the early years of its history, Bova Marina was an attractive business: every month held a big and important trade show of livestock and products made by artisans. During the Second World War Bova Marina was heavily bombed by the Americans in search of Germans fleeing to the mountains. In the postwar period, with the flood that struck the area Bovesia many, especially the residents of Old Roghudi, Bova and other centers in the area, they left their countries and came down to settle in Bova Marina, which saw a significant population increase. In the sixties, was placed on the promontory of Capo San Giovanni d'Avalos, the statue of Our Lady of the Sea, by the sculptor Celestino Petrone (which counts among his works the high altar of the Church of Santa Maria delle Grazie in San Giovanni Rotondo) statue that is highly revered by the people. In 2008, in Bova Marina marks the centenary of the declaration of Common autonomo.Di particular importance, because of its rarity, it is a Jewish settlement, located in the valley of San Pasquale, where there are the remains of an ancient synagogue with a mosaic important ( fourth century AD). In the same area found a large Roman structure (I-IV century AD) and the Byzantine church of the Panagia (called the All-Holy). In places Apa'mbelo, on a hill accessible only by foot, insist the perimeter walls and the apse of the church, which is also the Byzantine St. Niceto the tenth century, with the remains of the Bronze Age and medieval monastic houses. In more recent times, from the Norman Conquest to the front (X-XII century AD), the most important center of the territory became Bova - Chora, perched on a massive cliff 900 meters above sea level, from which the current town in the Navy then again originated. The oldest part of Bova Marina, situated around the present village street, was developed in the nineteenth century, when the Bishop. Dalmazio D'Andrea bought by the state of the land in the vicinity of the River Siderone and granted them free of charge to farmers who agreed to move there.

PEPERONCINO DI CALABRIA

PEPERONCINO DI CALABRIA  Apri
Loc. REGGIO CALABRIA RC, ITALIA - CALABRIA  Navigatore
11 Km from B&B VILLA DANTE
  Area Messina, Santo Stefano in Aspromonte, Fiumedinisi
Hot pepper is a plant (and fruit) belonging to the genus Capsicum (the same bell peppers) of the family Solanaceae. According to some, the Latin name Capsicum is derived from capsa, which means box, and owes its name to the particular shape of the fruit that resembles just a box with the seeds. Others, however, it derives from the greek meaning kapto bite, with clear reference to the spicy bite the tongue when you eat. history The hot pepper was used as food since ancient times. From the testimony of archeology we know that as early as 5500 BC was known in Mexico, present in those areas as a cultivated plant, and it was the only spice used by Indians of Chile and Mexico. In Europe, the chili pepper arrived with Christopher Columbus who brought the Americas with his second voyage in 1493. Then introduced to Europe by the Spanish, was an instant success, but the gains that Spain was expected by the market of the product (such as that of other oriental spices) were disappointing, because the chili is well acclimated to the old continent, spreading in all southern regions in Africa and Asia, and was thus adopted as a spice as well as that part of the population that could not afford to buy cinnamon, nutmeg etc. The fruit was so named because of the similarity in taste (though not in appearance) with pepper. The name by which he was known throughout the New World was chili and so it has remained. species The most common species of chili peppers are: - Capsicum annuum, which includes many common varieties, including red pepper common in Italy, cayenne pepper, and the Mexican jalapeno - Capsicum frutescens, which includes among others the tabasco - Capsicum chinense, which includes the habanero, by the Guinness Book of Records as the hottest chilli in the world - Capsicum pubescens, which includes the South American rocoto - Aji pepper, which includes the so-called bishop's hat Although few species of chili pepper commonly used in Italy, there are many kinds of cultivated plants and many methods to prepare the peppers. Green and red bell, for example, are the same plant, but the greens are immature. The piantapeperoncino Calabria The Capsicum annuum is a perennial shrub that, in terms of climate, is grown as an annual. The plants are in the form of high bush 40 to 80 cm (depending on the species) leaves with light green color. The flowers are white star-shaped with 5-6 petals with pale yellow stamens. The peppers can be grown on a balcony, and is sown to February, while the fruit can be harvested in summer and autumn. Should be used immediately after harvest so that they do not lose their property, but they can also preserve oil or powder (after being dried in the sun). spiciness The main architect of the substance spiciness is the alkaloid capsaicin (8-methyl-N-vanillyl-6-nonenamide or C18H27NO3), together with 4 other related compounds, collectively called capsaicinoids. Capsacinoide Each has a different effect in the mouth, and a change in the proportions of these substances determines the different sensations produced by different varieties, as well as to their content. Capsaicin causes pain and inflammation if consumed in excess, and can even burn your skin if in contact with high concentrations (habanero chilies, for example, are collected with gloves). It is also the main ingredient in pepper spray, used as a non-lethal weapon The hotness of the chillies is measured empirically by the Scoville scale, in degrees from 0 to 10, and quantitatively in Scoville units, based in ppm weight / weight of capsaicin and diidrocapsaicina. The sweet peppers have zero Scoville units, for example, the jalapenos are about 3,000-6,000 Scoville, while the habanero arrive at 300,000 Scoville units. The record for the highest number of Scoville units in a chili pepper was assigned by Guinness Book of Records to 'Red Savina Habanero, measuring 577,000 units. But India came the news of a chili pepper called Naga jolokia should get to 855,000 Scoville units, even though they lack independent verification. The Pure capsaicin is about 16 million units. One of the best ways to relieve the burning sensation is to drink milk, eat yogurt or any dairy product. A substance found in dairy products known as casein acts as a detergent and remove capsaicin from nerve receptors. Capsaicin dissolves very well in fats and alcohol, and also fatty foods or alcoholic beverages help to remove the sensation of pain. At high concentrations, as nell'habanero Red Savina or various extracts, the most effective way is to use ice as an anesthetic.

SANTUARIO DI TINDARI

SANTUARIO DI TINDARI  Apri
Loc. SANTUARIO MARIA SS.MA DEL TINDARI, PATTI ME - SICILIA  Navigatore
43 Km from B&B VILLA DANTE
  Area Tindari, Fiumedinisi, Francavilla di Sicilia
The Sanctuary of Tindarys is located at the eastern end of the promontory, overlooking the sea, at the ancient acropolis, where a small church was built on the ruins of the abandoned city. The statue of the Black Madonna, carved cedar wood, I was placed in an unknown time, possibly from the East came here after the phenomenon of iconoclasm in the eighth and ninth centuries. The church was destroyed in 1544 by Algerian pirates, was rebuilt between 1552 and 1598, and the sanctuary was enlarged by Bishop Joseph Pullano with the construction of a new larger church was consecrated in 1979.La feast of the shrine is held annually between 7 and 8 September. At the base of the cape there is a sandy area with a series of small ponds, whose conformation is changed as a result of the movement of sand, driven by the storms. The beach is known as Marinello or the sea dry, and there are many legends related. According to one of the beach they would miraculously formed after the fall of a child from the terrace of the sanctuary, then found safe and well on the beach as soon as created by the retreat of the sea. The girl's mother, a pilgrim came from afar, after the miracle, the miracle would have changed my mind about the true nature of the sculpture, which he had doubted because dark complexion of the Virgin. Another legend tells of the death on this very beach of Pope Eusebius, on August 17, 310, a few months after his election, on 18 April, which would have been exiled to Sicily by Maxentius. Above the beach, on the ridge, it also opens up a cave, which according to local legend, was inhabited by a witch, who devoted himself to attract sailors with her singing and then devour them. When someone gave up because of the difficulty of being lured to the entrance of the cave, the sorceress vented anger his fingers digging into the wall: this should have small holes that open up many of the rock.

VALDEMONE DOP

VALDEMONE DOP  Apri
Loc. MESSINA ME, ITALIA - SICILIA  Navigatore
3 Km from B&B VILLA DANTE
Altitude: 18 mt. a.s.l.  Area Reggio Calabria, Santo Stefano in Aspromonte, Fiumedinisi
  Brochure PDF
The name of the extra virgin olive oil Valdemone PDO is reserved for the oil produced under the conditions defined in the designated area of the province of Messina, except the area of Floresta, Moio Alcantara and Malvern. For the production of extra virgin olive oil Valdemone PDO are used jointly or separately drupes produced from the following varieties considered major: Santagatese, Ogliarola Messina, Petite, Olivo Mandanici or Calabrese, Nocellara Messina, Ottobratica, Brandofino, Verdelho and S . Benedict variously at least 70% and other cultivars, including Cerasuola, Biancolilla, Nocellara Belice, Tonda Iblea, Nocellara Etna for the remaining 30%. The harvesting operation must be carried out in the period from October until January, with a maximum production of olives per hectare must not exceed 60 quintals in traditional tems, and 100 quintals per hectare in intensive tems. The maximum yield in olive oil may not exceed 20% except Ogliarola, Messina and Santagatese that can reach 25%. Olive oil Valdemone PDO shows an appearance clear to slightly hazy, a green color with shades from yellow to yellow oil, a medium-strong fruity taste reminiscent of ripe olives, a medium sweet aftertaste, sometimes slightly bitter, with hints of fresh or dried fruit, ripe and wild herbs. The extra virgin olive oil Valdemone PDO must be marketed in containers or bottles of not more than 5 liters. The label must bear the name of the Protected Designation of Origin Mount Etna and also must always be indicated the year of production of the olives from which the oil is obtained.

REGGIO CALABRIA

REGGIO CALABRIA  Apri
Loc. REGGIO CALABRIA, PROVINCE OF REGGIO CALABRIA, ITALY - CALABRIA  Navigatore
12 Km from B&B VILLA DANTE
  Area Messina, Santo Stefano in Aspromonte, Fiumedinisi
Reggio di Calabria, commonly known as Reggio Calabria or Reggio simply, in the South and before the unification of Italy, is an Italian town of 180728 inhabitants, capital of the province. It is the first town in the region in terms of population and the second surface. Unique City metropolitan rank in the region, being one of the 14 Italian metropolitan cities, the leader of an agglomeration of more than 260,000 inhabitants, is the largest functional pole of a polycentric metropolitan area has about 400,000 inhabitants and is part of the extensive and populous conurbation Sicilian and Calabrian Arc called Etna. There are strong historical, cultural and economic relations with the neighbor across the city of Messina. Reggio, along with Naples and Taranto, is home to one of the most important archaeological museums dedicated to Ancient Greece (which houses the famous Riace bronzes, rare example of Greek bronze sculpture, which became one of the symbols of the city), two young universities (the Mediterranean and Dante Alighieri) and the Regional Council of Calabria. It is the first city in the region despite its antiquity and ancient foundation - was an important and thriving colony of Magna Graecia - shows a modern urban layout, due to the catastrophic earthquake that December 28, 1908 destroyed most of the town. Its urban tem, forced to the east by the Strait of Messina and crowned from behind by the foothills of the Apennines, is one of the main economic and regional service but also one of the highest concentrations of nodes and equipment for transport and logistics natural structure the region to the southern coasts of the Mediterranean. The old town, mainly consisting of palaces lines liberty, has a linear development along the Calabrian coast of the strait with parallel streets to the waterfront dotted with magnolias, palms and rare or exotic

RISERVA NATURALE ORIENTATA FIUMEDINISI E MONTE SCUDERI

RISERVA NATURALE ORIENTATA FIUMEDINISI E MONTE SCUDERI  Apri
Loc. FIUMEDINISI - SICILIA  Navigatore
21 Km from B&B VILLA DANTE
  Area Castelmola, Messina, Taormina
This protected area reserve many surprises impassioned naturalist: beautiful specimens of heather, at the foot of Monte Scuderi, a counterpoint to the woods of all species of oak known in Sicily, which occupy the valleys and other low areas of the reserve. Then, the rivers: real laboratories geological outdoors where myriads of pebbles of different mineral tell the story of the bowels of the earth and the physical nature of Peloritans.

BOVA

BOVA  Apri
Loc. BOVA, REGGIO CALABRIA, ITALY - CALABRIA  Navigatore
39 Km from B&B VILLA DANTE
Altitude: 772 mt. a.s.l.  Area Bova Marina, Casignana, San Luca
The town of Bova (in greek Vu'a) has ancient origins. According to legend, an Armenian queen would have led his people on Mount Vu'a, whose name appears in a clear reference to the presence of the ox, in a land that is used for the grazing of cattle. Things to see From Bova, in a panoramic position 850 meters above sea level, it is possible to embrace with his eyes the whole coast. The village is one of the most important centers of Hellenistic island province of Reggio Calabria and has a long history of which there are many traces in the town. Ancient bishopric, has a cathedral whose original building dates back to the early centuries AD, certainly existed in the fifth, as documented by the signing of Lorenzo Bishop of Bova. Dedicated to Our Lady of the Presentation or Isodi'a, and the result of successive reconstructions and renovations, has a nave and two aisles of a basilica. The most notable works are the Chapel of the Sacrament, built by Sicilian craftsmen specialized in the manufacture of colored marbles inlaid, and the statue of the Madonna Isodi'a and Child, attributed to Rinaldo Bonanno (1584), placed on a marble bench that reproduces the coat of arms of Bova. The excavations have brought to light numerous tombs and the ancient Norman church. The Norman Castle (X-XI century), in ruins, stands on top of a rocky spur. The Norman Tower (XI) was guarding one of the four doors that allowed access to the city. The Church of St. Leo (XVII) has a single nave with side chapels, precious nineteenth-century stucco walls and a sumptuous high altar of the Baroque style polychrome niche in which is a statue of St. Leo the white marble, the work of Peter Bernini (1582). The saint holds an ax in his left hand resting on a route and rump octagonal marble on which is shown - even here - the coat of arms with the ox. Other baroque splendor in the Chapel of the Relics (1722). The Church of the Carmine (XVII) is a pretty chapel belonged to the family Mesiani. The main facade in late-Renaissance style is defined by tall pilasters supporting a cornice with triangular pediments. The stone portal built by local craftsmen place in line to the facade is surmounted by the coat of arms of the family of marble Mesiani. Inside is a fine marble altar.

TAORMINA

TAORMINA  Apri
Loc. TAORMINA PROVINCE OF MESSINA, ITALY - SICILIA  Navigatore
42 Km from B&B VILLA DANTE
Altitude: 214 mt. a.s.l.  Area Castelmola, Giardini Naxos, Francavilla di Sicilia
  Brochure PDF

Spectacularly located on a terrace of Monte Tauro with views westwards to Mt Etna, Taormina is a beautiful small town, reminiscent of Capri or an Amalfi coastal resort. Over the centuries, Taormina has seduced an exhaustive line of writers and artists, aristocrats and royalty, and these days it is host to a summer arts festival that packs the town with international visitors. Perched on its eyrie, Taormina is sophisticated, chic and comfortably cushioned by some serious wealth and very far removed from the banal economic realities of other Sicilian towns. But the charm is not manufactured. The capital of Byzantine Sicily in the 9th century, Taor-mina is an almost perfectly preserved medieval town, and if you can tear yourself away from the shopping and sunbathing, it has a wealth of small but perfect tourist sites. Taormina is also a popular resort with gay men. Be warned that in July and August the town is choked with tourists and the only space left on the beach may well be next to the rubbish bins.

SPIAGGIA DI BOVA MARINA

SPIAGGIA DI BOVA MARINA  Apri
Loc. BOVA MARINA RC, ITALIA - CALABRIA  Navigatore
43 Km from B&B VILLA DANTE
  Area Bova, Casignana, San Luca
The Beach of Bova Marina, located about 45 km from Reggio Calabria, is easily accessible along the SS 106 Ionian. It is a beautiful pebble beach clear mixed with sand, bathed by a beautiful crystal clear sea, thanks to the extraordinary transparency of a gravelly bottoms. The promontory of San Pasquale, near Bova Marina, makes the area even more attractive. Two sharp indentations carved into the rock close and reopen the spectacle of the sea and the landscape in the background is dominated by Bova Superiore, the capital of the perfect Greece Calabria, that even 14 kilometers away stands for the majesty of his medieval castle.

RIACE BRONZES

RIACE BRONZES  Apri
Loc. REGGIO CALABRIA - CALABRIA  Navigatore
11 Km from B&B VILLA DANTE
Altitude: 25 mt. a.s.l.  Area Messina, Santo Stefano in Aspromonte, Fiumedinisi

The Bronzi di Riace (Italian for Riace bronzes) are two famous full-size Greek bronzes of nude bearded warriors, about 460&430 BCE and currently housed by the Museo Nazionale della Magna Grecia in Reggio Calabria, Italy. The Riace Warriors are respectively termed A and B, where Riace Warrior A is thought to be a depiction of a younger man than that of Riace Warrior B. They were found by Stefano Mariottini, a chemist from Rome, Italy on a scuba diving vacation at Monasterace, on August 16, 1972, perhaps at the site of a shipwreck, off the coast of Riace, near Reggio Calabria. They are major additions to the surviving examples of ancient Greek sculpture (most Greek sculpture is known through later Roman copies in marble). The statues' eyes are inlaid with bone and glass, while the teeth are in silver and lips and nipples are in copper. Formerly they held spears and shields.

CASTELMOLA

CASTELMOLA  Apri
Loc. CASTELMOLA ME, ITALIA - SICILIA  Navigatore
42 Km from B&B VILLA DANTE
  Area Taormina, Giardini Naxos, Francavilla di Sicilia
From the top of its impressive rocky pedestal , Castelmola if it is suspended between the sky and the sea, a few kilometers from the beautiful Taormina and especially a few steps from the Ionian coast , which is shown in front of the viewpoint as a long ribbon of sand and rocks . We are in the province of Messina, in the land of sailors, pirates and warlords illustrious which is the Sicilian : here lies a village that over the centuries has preserved the magic of the Middle Ages. Little more than a thousand inhabitants and a genuine heart , imbued with timeless traditions : these are the ingredients that make Castelmola so welcoming , along with the soothing song of crickets and waves. The Mediterranean landscape drunken tourists of scents and colors : the salty breeze teases the stain , and makes the smells of fresh pine trees and shrubs rise up in the air. The brush strokes of fuchsia bougainvillea make the earth less harsh , and the gulls trace routes silent in the deep blue of the sky seem the sentinels of the village, hovering over the rooftops and winding little streets , the square and St. Anthony on the ruins of the castle. Castelmola has been d one of the most beautiful villages in Italy . The reason you have to find out for yourself , and each can make some assumptions : perhaps for the transparency of the sea, to the appearance of scenic cliffs , or perhaps to the picturesque labyrinth of narrow streets and stairways ? Certainly the medieval urban structure, so well preserved, with a unique charm to the small Sicilian town . At one time, to tell the truth , the village was even more impressive, with a fairy-tale entrance consists of a long staircase carved into the rock, step by step , guests Castelmola arrived at the foot of the castle , looking forward immediately the beauty of the citadel. Even today, the Municipal Auditorium , there is an exhibition of photographs showing the arched entrance with staircase, now lost : it was 1928 when the port was modified , replaced by its modern . But the most ancient testimonies resist , giving Castelmola that unique and genuine flavor . Resist certain houses, with doors and windows finished in Taormina stone , and the walls stained the color of the earth ; resistant roofs ' Sicilian ' , with the tiles on the slopes pendants, but above all resist the more points you live in the city. As the central square, with a mosaic floor made of lava stone : here is the former church of St. Anthony , which today constitutes the aforementioned Auditorium. The building, ancient , is flanked by other interesting buildings such as the Casa Sterrantino and the eighteenth-century Caffe' San Giorgio , founded by monks and is now used as an inn .

PARCO ARCHEOLOGICO DELLE EOLIE

PARCO ARCHEOLOGICO DELLE EOLIE  Apri
Loc. PARCO ARCHEOLOGICO DELLE EOLIE, VIA TEATRO GRECO, PATTI ME, ITALIA - SICILIA  Navigatore
43 Km from B&B VILLA DANTE
  Area Patti, Fiumedinisi, Francavilla di Sicilia
Archaeological site of Tindarys, ancient greek-roman city founded by Dionysius of Syracuse in 397-6 BC as a fortress and military outpost. Occupied by the Carthaginians led by Hannibal in 264 BC, the Romans conquered ten years later, has the end of his time to a landslide first, then an earthquake around 365 AD, and finally the destruction of the Arabs in 836 AD. You can visit the greek-roman theater built with sandstone blocks from the Greeks in the third century BC, the Romans modified to adapt it to the circus games, part of the urban plan of the city, the theater propylaeum monument built by the Romans with large sandstone basilica2pietre and intended to Basilica for public meetings, or Gymnasium for conducting athletic exercises; the remains of Cyclopean walls, built by Dionysius; a tower (XVI - XVII c.), situated close to the theater. It 'also planned to visit the Antiquarium, located at the entrance of the excavations, which sets out the marble statues of characters who are judges, a head of the Emperor Augustus, a Corinthian capital, pottery from the Bronze Age, Roman lamps old Republican -imperiale, tools and many other historical artifacts found on the site.

TEATRO ANTICO DI TAORMINA

TEATRO ANTICO DI TAORMINA  Apri
Loc. VIA TEATRO GRECO, 1, TAORMINA MESSINA, ITALY - SICILIA  Navigatore
42 Km from B&B VILLA DANTE
Altitude: 219 mt. a.s.l.  Area Castelmola, Giardini Naxos, Francavilla di Sicilia
The ancient theater of Taormina is the second center of classical theater in Sicily in size after the greek theater of Syracuse. The theater Tauromenion would Hellenistic origin - on the basis of the few archaeological documents could be the third century BC but it looks totally Roman in its appearance visible today. The original structure was tied to a small shrine which still stand on the belvedere overlooking the auditorium . A first reconstruction of the building took place in the Republican age or First Empire , perhaps under Augustus , later to be expanded in the first half of the second century BC in the forms known today . The building reached the maximum diameter of 109 meters , with an orchestra with a diameter of 35 meters, with a capacity of about 10,000 spectators. In the middle and late Empire , the building was adapted to accommodate venationes (shows the fight between gladiators and wild beasts ) , turning into a genuine amphitheater : the orchestra was changed in the arena replacing the lower tiers with a vaulted corridor that connected to an underground in the center of the clearing , where the stage machinery allowed the special effects of the fight. Finally, in late antiquity , was built on the porch behind the scene . His departure is likely to be attributed with the siege of the Vandals and the consequent decay of the Empire. During the Middle Ages , the stage building and the two turris Scalae were reused in order to obtain a private palace. During the Grand Tour fame grew romantic building, a fallen monument , surrounded by lush vegetation with an unusual view of Mount Etna , this visual for anything existing at the time of its greatest extent , as covered by the stage buildings in masonry.

Excursions and attractions in SICILIA close to MESSINA Reggio Calabria Fiumedinisi Santo Stefano in Aspromonte: 'FONTANA DEL NETTUNO'   'SANTO STEFANO IN APROMONTE'   'BOVA MARINA'   'PEPERONCINO DI CALABRIA'   'SANTUARIO DI TINDARI'   'VALDEMONE DOP'   'REGGIO CALABRIA'   'RISERVA NATURALE ORIENTATA FIUMEDINISI E MONTE SCUDERI'   'BOVA'   'TAORMINA'   'SPIAGGIA DI BOVA MARINA'   'RIACE BRONZES'   'CASTELMOLA'   'PARCO ARCHEOLOGICO DELLE EOLIE'   'TEATRO ANTICO DI TAORMINA'  

SICILIA


Sicily is the largest Italian Island, separated from the continent by the Strait of Messina and lapped by the Ionian, the Tyrrhenian and the Mediterranean Seas. It is one of the pearls of Southern Italy and can be discovered, understood and experienced through a series of itineraries dedicated to all tastes ranging from nature to history and tradition. Nature seems to have endowed all of its wonders to this land: mountains, hills and above all the Mediterranean Sea, with its incredible colours, its crystal-clear water and the beauty of its seabeds, in no way inferior to those of other seas. Here, the Mediterranean Sea, with its many little islands scattered around the coasts of Sicily, offers unique and intense sceneries, scents and flavours of an uncontaminated nature. Last but not least, are the great volcanoes, symbols of the irresistible exuberance of this incredibly charming region. The fascination of this region grows with the precious archeological vestiges that tell the story of the ancient origins of Trinacria (ancient name for Sicily). The provinces of the region are: Palermo (regional capital), Agrigento, Catania, Caltanissetta, Enna, Messina, Ragusa, Siracusa and Trapani.