AREA ARCHEOLOGICA DI FRANCAVILLA MARITTIMA Apri
Loc. FRANCAVILLA MARITTIMA CS, ITALIA - CALABRIA
18 Km from THURIUM
Area Corigliano Calabro, Cersosimo, Oriolo
In 1879, while working on the construction of the road SS 92, which was to connect the Ionian coast in the Pollino, in the territory of Francavilla of findings emerged that the inspector MG Gallo linked with the ancient city of Lagaria.Successivamente in the thirties of the twentieth century dr. De Santis' picked with loving care what the peasants of the time they brought him or segnalavano.Nel 1959, when he built the aqueduct dell'Eiano crossing the territory of Francavilla there were great discoveries that mostly went after dispersi.Solo this looting of a hidden wealth, there was a little attention to the territory of Francavilla, with brief excavations, more profitable, under the guidance of the famous archeologist bell Paola Zancani Montuoro. This little attention was cut short in 1969 when he became the predominant discovery of Sybaris.
In the following years were conducted brief excavations, certainly not with the necessary continuity allavalorizzazione a site unique in its kind, the results were always excellent. These small actions served to stop or at least curb the phenomenon of so-called grave robbers, who in those years made enormous fortune by selling artifacts looted, major museums around the world. In the early 90s of the last century, with the extraordinary intervention of the Law 64/86 is implemented the first step of the design in this area. The award goes to the Mountain Community High Ionian pointed in those years, the promotion of cultural heritage. I spent the other years, other interventions were made to make it accessible to visitors and a fortified area, which rises majestically on the plain of Sybaris, unfortunately, the Archaeological Park of Francavilla, still is not open to the public. Of course, the authorities of the Archaeological Superintendence, scholars, lovers of archeology, university professors, Italian and foreign students have studied, excavated and published their studies, or their dissertations, getting satisfaction from their efforts and their lavoro.Altri as grave robbers, got rich by taking handfuls from the immense treasure that was found in the basement francavillese. At Sybaris was made the National Archaeological Museum of Sybaris. The Ministry for Cultural Heritage and Activities - General Direction for Archaeological Heritage - The Atlas of Archaeology, accessible on the internet, describes the National Archaeological Museum of Sybaris: The site of Francavilla Marittima from which almost all of the materials stored the museum is actually very interesting as one of the most important indigenous settlements (Enotri) pre-colonial, the abundant life, a rich necropolis (loc. Macchiabate) which provided a large number of bronze objects of personal adornment worn by the deceased, and even a Phoenician bronze bowl in the first half of the eighth century. BC, witnessed perhaps the contacts between these people (or perhaps, however, brought by the Greeks). The abrupt cessation of life in the village (loc. Timpone della Motta) and the destruction of the around 730 BC is what leads us to believe that the arrival of the Greek colonists founding of Sybaris has led to a reduction of the premises in a state of servitude; and indeed revealing in this respect is the building of a temple to Athena on the remains of the destroyed village of Timpone della Motta. The sanctuary of Athena, by the way, most of the ancient city, which for the known events there are only a few traces, is in fact the main witness on the archaic phase of the Greek presence in the area, and returned most of the material of this period due to Sybaris in the Museum. Standing out among the materials a votive terracotta of the seventh century. B.C. depicting a female figure with a richly embroidered garment on which are depicted mythological scenes; fragments of ceramic grain imported from various Greek cities; numerous vessels proto; bronze warrior and maiden; a bronze plate by posting the sixth century. B.C. bearing the dedication of votive newsstand to Athena by Kleombrotos son Dexilawos winner at Olympia, as stated in the text.