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l'angolo bello - excursions points of interest attractions in lucignano



Excursions, points of interest and attractions close to LUCIGNANO Bettolle Montefollonico Montepulciano


Loc. SIENA - TOSCANA  Navigatore
  Area Monteriggioni, Poggibonsi, Radda in Chianti
Orange Flag and most beautiful Italian village in the extreme south of the province of Siena, San Casciano dei Bagni is an open-air theater that does not deny the popular tradition and gastronomy . Celle sul Rigo , a hamlet of the village (and for some years the home of the poet Carducci) , is the cradle of one of the emblems of Tuscan cuisine, pici , a delicious type of pasta , similar to spaghetti but with a diameter much larger , rigorously handmade and topped with meat sauce, crumbs and all ' aglione ( garlic and tomato sauce ) . Even San Casciano dei Bagni is a Oil City , a City of Wine and a Town of Chianina . Great is the fame of this small town on the slopes of Mount Cetona , thanks to the spa Fonteverde , considered among the most beautiful and elegant in the world , which can boast some 42 springs . But it is simplistic to stop here. San Casciano dei Bagni is very active on the cultural front , often chosen by artists and intellectuals as a back to its essential representations : here was set , for example, Do not Move Sergio Castellitto. The history of San Casciano dei Bagni is intimately tied to its hot springs, probably appreciated by the Etruscans to the Romans, although it must be their most intense exploitation . It seems that the emperor Octavian Augustus came to be cured at this location. The area has a population of less than 42 thermal springs that flow at 42 ° C temperature. And ' the volume of water that impresses the visitors since the total flow of the springs reaches 5.5 million cubic meters of water , a value that makes San Casciano dei Bagni the third location in Europe for flow medicinal thermal baths . The success PSSO alternation between periods and golden decadence , but recently the interest in the therapeutic properties of these historic waters is returning to its former glory after the creation of the famous Thermal Spa Fonteverde . The Spa Centre Fonteverde was obtained from an elegant portico Medici , which had been built early in the 17th century by the Grand Duke Ferdinand. Now the site is one of the 5 star spa resorts in the most important in the world. The waters contain a source of healthy minerals such as magnesium, calcium, fluorine and sulfur-containing , to assimilate all of the complex in the various basins or along the unique path Bioaquam . The other springs of San Casciano dei Bagni Bath Ficoncella is considered one of the most important historical sources . It ' adorned with a beautiful portico built by Grand Duke of Tuscany Ferdeninando I. The bathroom was also called Big Eddy for the great force with which the water comes out hot from this source , the most abundant of all. Not far away is the famous Bath Cartridge for the healing properties of the water on the burn injury. Finally, it is important to remember the Shower Head has always been one of the most famous springs by the locals who considered it one of the most famous in the area.


  Area Montefollonico, Bettolle, Pienza
  Brochure PDF
Of ancient and long history, Montepulciano has origins from the Etruscans from the fourth century BC He notoriety also for the wealth of excellent vineyards from where we get the Vino Nobile di Montepulciano DOCG. The most frequent image is that of a landscape graced by a meticulous man who is in harmony with the natural environment. The rural urbanization coexists with urban centers overflowing with historical memories and wonderful works of art, all set in an agricultural landscape, often highly specialized. Our thoughts turn naturally to the rolling hills covered with olive groves and vineyards, in the Val di Chiana, recovered again by the great works of restoration of the Grand Duke. In this area of Tuscany south-east, are mixed forests of pines, oaks and chestnut trees, with sandy-storey sandstone cultivated, undulating clay plains of former marshland. A holiday suspended well-being and culture of innovation and tradition Montepulciano town of Etruscan origin , is an area rich in history and culture , surrounded by a landscape rich in color shades . In this context, there is the spa complex avant-garde for its modern specialized care centers . The thermal baths of Montepulciano born in 1966 to exploit the therapeutic properties of water in the subsurface of the plant. The proposed programs are integrated with the global obiettibo to restore health to the patient's life , along with a range of services that exploiting the natural treatment addresses the needs of users of all ages , giovando to health, but also to the beauty . E ' can choose between different paths , including specific treatments or let themselves be led by the pleasure of massages, mud baths, steam , whirlpools or gym sessions . The proximity to places of historical interest, gives you the opportunity to combine a relaxing excursions to art and culture. Of note Montalcino , a town not only famous for its Brunello DOC but also for the beauty of the medieval old town where time seems to stand still , Pienza, a UNESCO World Heritage Site for its Renaissance architecture , and Siena, the city of the Palio is known throughout the world.


  Area Pienza, Montalcino, Abbadia San Salvatore
It seems that the sky is upside down at the bottom, soft in the countryside of Tuscany, and the rustic houses of a village are gathered around it, curious to see this strip of blue down to earth . They are the homes of Bagno Vignoni , gathered around a pool of water that acts as a mirror to the sky , with its changing lights , let the clouds and constellations . We are one of the most beautiful cities of Tuscany could be in a picture , but it's in the heart of Val d'Orcia , including in the town of San Quirico d' Orcia , in the province of Siena. For enhancing the beauty of the surrounding landscape is , that as a garland weaves lush rows of vines , rows of silvery olive groves , sunflower fields and pastures green fragrant. But the most precious treasure guarded by Bagno Vignoni are the baths , which give the town a very special aspect : the hot springs , known since Roman times , flowing from the volcanic soil and emerge in a large tub in the open. Around it, a mirror vain , gathered houses, inns and shops in the country. As a square, but made of water , the spa tub is the centerpiece of the town, and around the place the most important moments of village life. Because the thermal activity of the place became famous it was not until the Middle Ages , though the first evidence in this regard are the oldest . Gradually , over time , many historical figures have spent time in Bagno Vignoni , such as Catherine of Siena, Pope Pius II Piccolomini and Lorenzo the Maginifico . The authorities and institutions from time to time have dominated the territory they occupied the spa with care and love, and we can still benefit from cozy and comfortable facilities . Compared to the original spa , today it is not possible to swim directly into the Square of sources , but the modern facilities are just outside the center : Here you find the swimming pools fed by the same water, and you have the chance to make mud , inhalations and irrigations . The hyperthermal waters , with a temperature of 52 ° C, are sulfate - bicarbonate- alkaline-earthy . Although the baths of today constitute the main tourist attraction of the country, the most characteristic of Bagno Vignoni is the old town, with an old bathtub , the stone-built houses , and a fascinating maze of little streets cobbled streets. Next to the water , bright pearl in the center , stands the church of San Giovanni Battista , a beautiful sacred to nave, with a facade simple and straightforward. Inside you can admire some works of art , including a painting of the Sienese school of St. Catherine of Siena, Bagno Vignoni with the background , built in the eighteenth century. Outside, however, on the front porch , there is a small chapel dedicated to the same saint , built in 1660 and containing in origin, a fresco of the risen Christ , now moved to the church of San Giovanni Battista.



Loc. AREZZO, ITALY - TOSCANA  Navigatore
  Area Sansepolcro, San Giustino, Piantravigne
Arezzo is one of the provincial capitals of the region of Tuscany and is located in the southern part of a valley of the Arno Valley and the Val di Chiana. Arezzo is a city of art in the green (its territory is mostly mountainous / hilly). It was originally an Etruscan city (with the name of Arretium) and then became a Roman municipality. In the first century BC became particularly famous for the production of precious ceramics. In the following centuries it became a bishopric and was then under the dominion of Florence. In this city were born many famous people of art and reading including Giorgio Vasari, Francesco Petrarca


  Area Monteriggioni, Radda in Chianti, Poggibonsi
Pici (or terriers) are the first course of Sienese gastronomy: thick noodles made with wheat flour, instead of the durum wheat semolina. It was a typical dish of the poor peasants, because the ingredients are limited to flour and water. They can be handmade, coarse and irregular, or car, with a constant diameter of 3-4 mm. They are produced by many of the 20 pasta factories in the provinces of Siena and Grosseto, where you can buy fresh pici directly in bulk, but some provide the packaging and distribution of food stores in the area. The farmers were content to toss with a little olive oil and chopped onion, but you can taste better with cheese and pepper ragout dwarf (is the name Tuscan duck), with sausage gravy and mushrooms or sausage, potatoes and beans, or with condiments packages to the bread crumbs and garlic sauce, made with tomatoes, carrots, celery, onion, and much, much garlic. Here are a few of the ingredients that make pici one of the most typical dishes of Tuscany and Siena: water, flour and salt, mixed by hand to form rough twines and then cooked in salted water for 5 minutes. To prepare handmade Pici, knead vigorously for 10 minutes wheat flour type 0 (1 kg), warm water (half a liter) and a pinch of salt. Most important is the quality of the flour, which must be one suitable for fresh pasta, or with low elasticity (we must not make bread) and especially low ash content (which cause a rapid browning of the dough). There are those who add an egg for every pound of flour, in order to give some color and get un'impasto less hard. There are also those who use wheat flour (flour milled), in the proportion of 1 part of wheat flour and 3 parts of wheat. You could also add the extra virgin olive oil. After allowing the mixture to stand for half an hour, it lies in a kind of dough an inch high, which are derived from the small strips that are processed in the hands spinning the Picio more thin and uniform as possible. The paste thus formed Pici is spread on a cloth and dusted with durum wheat flour or cornmeal to prevent sticking. Pici is a dish seasoned with various types of dressing: the classic with cheese and pepper, or with tomato and garlic (garlic Pici) with bread crumbs (Pici crumbs), but also with duck sauce or gravy sausage, potatoes and beans. Pici pasta with cheese and pepper: merge 2 knobs of butter in a pan, adding black pepper. Once cooked pici put them in a pan with a tablespoon of the cooking water. Stir over a low heat and add the grated Pecorino Toscano at large scales. Use other pecorino cheese for garnish. Nothing to do with certain restaurants that use dressings made of cheese. Preparation time: 5 minutes. Pici all'Aglione: 4 crushed cloves of garlic and fry in olive oil over low heat. When the garlic is gilded, add red pepper and chopped 4 tomatoes, cut into cubes, taking care to remove as much as possible the seeds, salt and cook until the sauce is well flavored and dense. Just pici are cooked, drain and pour into the pan with the garlic sauce and toss lightly. Preparation time: 20 minutes. Pici crumbs: chopped 100g breadcrumbs undressed and shake it with the mixer. Heat 3 tablespoons of olive oil in a pan and fry over a very sweet 2 cloves of crushed garlic and a little pepper, then raised a little 'heat and add the breadcrumbs to fry until lightly colored. Preparation time: 5 minutes.


  Area Montefollonico, Montepulciano, Pienza
The town's origins are ancient , evidenced by the numerous Etruscan finds in history. The origin of the name is uncertain , due , according to some , in the presence of a forest of birches (Betula ) , according to others from the Etruscan name of person Petui ( later transformed into Bettonula , then Bettona and finally Bettola ) . In the medieval period , the Emperor Henry II granted to the abbot of the village of Farneta Bettole , calling him by the nickname of Villa Bettolle in 1014 . Church of St. Christopher Bettolle later became a fief of the Cacciaconti , gentlemen of Sinalugna , and later, around 1266, the Government of the Republic of Siena sent a mayor in charge of the castle, even if the family Cacciaconti continued to maintain a strong influence in the place . After 1515 it was under the control of the influential Cardinal Silvio Passerini , very close to the Florentine Medici family , who built a villa . Like other countries in the area, in 1554 , the troops of the Florentine Medici family, allied with the army of Charles V, finally conquered Bettole . The feud was abolished in 1749, since 1778 the country was annexed to the City of Sinalugna , while the Emperor Leopold II, who was Grand Duke of the Grand Duchy of Tuscany by the name of Peter Leopold I , completed the reclamation of Val di Chiana .


  Area Isola Maggiore, Castiglione del Lago, Chiusi
  Brochure PDF

Situated on the northern hills of Lake Trasimeno, where it joins the rocky foothills, Passignano is a happy combination of nature and history, art and folklore, peace and vitality. More than a thousand years of art and architecture frame this holiday resort which offers all kinds of water-sports, tennis, horse-riding, trekking. There are also concerts in the Auditorium and the famous Palio delle Barche (the traditional boat race). There is a wide choice of restaurants serving unusual and interesting dishes of fish from the lake; if you are lucky enough to be here during the Fish Festival you caneat fish from the biggest frying-pan in the world, measuring 4,30 meters in diameter! Those who like long walks are well served: the surrounding hills offer pleasant visits to the ruins of the Roman Villa of Quarantaia, or to the ancient fortress of Monteruffiano, or else a quiet afternoon spent bird-watching. Umbria, The green heart of Italy here takes on a variety of shades of blues, with spectacular red sunsets over the lake. Passignano is the headoffice of the Trasimeno Park Organization.


  Area Bagno Vignoni, Roccalbegna, Pienza
Mount Amiata, an unusual and precious corner of Tuscany. Included in the provinces of Grosseto and Siena, dominating from its 1738 meters the surrounding valleys (Val d'Orcia, Val di Paglia), the superb level of Maremma, the sweet and charming Sienese hills, the green depression of Lake Bolsena ll Monte Amiata, Tuscany massif, showing its profile sweet austere but also at a great distance. On a clear day you can see the hills of Chianti, Maremma and those traveling in the Tyrrhenian Sea, from the mountains of Lazio, the calm waters of Lake Trasimeno and Bolsena. A crisp, strong, emerging, like a gigantic cathedral, the vast surface of the rolling Tuscan hills. Surrounded and placed in the classic Tuscany, Umbria and Lazio Tuscia two steps, Amiata has been for millennia a territory with its own autonomous prerogatives geological, historic and scenic. The lush beech forests, rocks with unusual shapes, rich and fresh springs, mines (now relegated to the museum) and a stunted mountain agriculture have given to those who live on the slopes of the mountain the proud consciousness of diversity. The cycles of history and art have variously concerned and lapped over the centuries, the Amiata. But neither the Etruscans nor Romans, nor the Lombards nor the emperors of the West, nor the historical republics of Siena and Florence, nor the bustling modernity of nearby Grosseto, have never been able to alter the spirit, the character, the magic Amiata mountain, which made the symbiotic relationship between nature, landscape and man-made. Over the centuries, the Amiata he met and forged an economy on a human scale and nature, using the resources present in varying degrees, from the pastures of the hills and valleys to the gifts of the great mountain and forest products of a precious crafts Local, in a process of wide-ranging social, artistic and environmental. It 'the same route that we propose in these pages, without leaving the comfort represented (for the tourist of today) from the territory of the Amiata, and very near the center of gravity in relation to major historical and artistic centers and landscape of Tuscany and Umbria.


Loc. PIENZA - TOSCANA  Navigatore
  Area Bagno Vignoni, Montefollonico, Montepulciano
  Brochure PDF
This particular sheep's cheese takes its name from the ancient cities of Pienza, just a few kilometers from Montepulciano and is the most precious among the sheep of the Crete Senesi. This particular sheep's cheese takes its name from the ancient cities of Pienza, just a few kilometers from Montepulciano and is the most precious among the sheep of the Crete Senesi. The sheep farm in Tuscany, documented since Roman times Pliny the Elder, dates back even before the time in the Etruscan period. Pecorino di Pienza, a particular favorite of Lorenzo the Magnificent, is a cooked cheese made from raw whole milk of ewes of Sardinia (with some specimens of the breed and the Apennine Sopravvissana) reared in semi-wild forage exclusively with the territory. And it is the rare flora in the area of grassland clay of the Crete Senesi (wormwood, salsify, juniper, birdsfoot trefoil, burnet, ...) to give it a special flavor. The milk is processed immediately after milking. Coagulation occurs with the addition of rennet or oppression Of stamens of wild artichoke, marinated in vinegar and salt and left to dry and then placed in an infusion of warm water. The maturation of form occurs in cool cellars and very humid and periodically their surface, flavored with walnut leaves, is anointed before with Tuscan olive oil, then oil and tomato, then with sludge and ash. The shapes are round, with a diameter varying between 14 and 22 cm and a weight of 800 grams to two pounds. After 40-60 days or so is ready to be eaten fresh as a table cheese, with a sweet and mellow but slightly spicy. Left to mature for five to twelve or even eighteen months (great for grating), reaches 40% fat, with full flavor and lingering, not spicy, tannic taste and crumbly texture and mellow in the mouth. Perfect in conjunction with chestnut honey from Montalcino and wines of the region, Chianti and Montepulciano.


Altitude: 516 mt. a.s.l.  Area Isola Maggiore, Castiglione del Lago, Umbertide
  Brochure PDF
Located on the northern hills of the lake, where it meets the rock, Passignano, for over a century called La Perla del Trasimeno, is a happy combination of nature and history, art and floclore, peace and vitality. An age-old art and architecture is the setting for both the water and the practice of many sports as possible, all those water in the first place, but also tennis, horseback riding and hiking, maybe you can stop to attend a concert in the Auditorium, or passionate with residents of the spectacular Palio of the Boats. The catering particularly well led to interesting elaborations of the kitchen of the lake, but if you are lucky you can even eat the fried fish in the world's largest frying pan. Hiking enthusiasts can use the many paths organizzatidelle surrounding hills, visit the ancient Roman villa of Rivine Quarantaie, or the keep of Monteruffiano, but also to relax in a quiet and interesting bird-watching. And 'offices of the Park of Lake Trasimeno and the Service Navigation of the lake. Almost certainly the first inhabitants of the country saw as the Umbrians, then rejected by the Etruscans beyond the Tiber. With the Romans, had a Passignano before military structure and possibly a tower, which controlled the di Monteruffiano with that famous passage towards the north, only connection to centuries between the north and the center, which is presumably the name of the country: Passinianum, ie place of the step. Another theory is that it derives from the gross Passinius oPassenius. He was helpless witness of the famous trap in 217 BC cost the life of Roman consul Flaminius and 15,000 for the work of Hannibal. The fortress was built in the Lombard period between the fifth and sixth century., to which were later added to the square walls.


  Area Reggello, Radda in Chianti, Montefioralle
Located on the slopes of Pratomagno Valdarno, between the river Resco north-west and south-east Ciuffenna river, on a surface belonging to four different municipalities, the protected area is intended to protect an important geomorphological emergency. The geological nature of the area - fluvial-lacustrine deposits varies in size and polygenic conglomerates - in fact over the centuries has allowed the formation of particular forms of erosion areas such as ravines, cliffs and pillars of erosion, so as to constitute a characteristic morphology of great scenic and environmental. The part of the territory, which is referred to as Upper Valdarno, between the Arno river and hill formations that form the prelude to Pratomagno, is characterized by geological structures of particular interest and beauty, consisting of sands, clays and gravels stratified as high as a hundred meters and succession of different forms, interspersed with deep canyons. These structures, called Ruffles are the result, at present, the dismantling of ancient sediments caused by atmospheric agents, but also marked by the presence, in time, man.



  Area Sansepolcro, San Giustino, Piantravigne
is located on the highest part of the hill of Arezzo, near the Medici Fortress, from which it is separated by the Meadow. Because of its location and because of its imposing size, is visible from all sides. It was built following the design of Margaritone the end of the thirteenth century., For want of Guglielmino Ubertini, Bishop of Arezzo. The construction was completed only in the sixteenth century. due to numerous interruptions, while the facade of the twentieth century. The bell tower, initially sailing, was taken to the tower in 1858 and finally completed the spire in 1935. The Gothic church houses precious works of art, such as stained glass windows by William Marcillat, the Magdalene by Piero della Francesca, the tomb of Bishop Guido Tarlati (1276, Agostino di Giovanni and Agnolo di Ventura), the High Altar the construction of which would take part Giovanni Pisano, as claimed by Giorgio Vasari. In the Cathedral you will find the image of Our Lady of Consolation, patroness of the city.


Loc. SIENA - TOSCANA  Navigatore
  Area Monteriggioni, Radda in Chianti, Poggibonsi
  Brochure PDF
The Palio of Siena is the soul , the essence of the spirit of belonging to the city. It comes from a very old tradition : the first embryo of the event dates back to the Battle of Montaperti in 1260, when the tournament final for the ceremonies of the Assumption of Independence became the symbol of Siena under the protection of the Virgin. Since that time, the custom is renewed every year in the traditional Palio , which takes place July 2 (Day of the Madonna of Provenzano ) and August 16 (the day of the Assumption ) . Even today, the Palio refers to the regulation of 1656 , which marks the official birth of the Palio of the Piazza del Campo and as the location of the Palio. The protagonists of the Palio, the 17 city districts : Caterpillar, Eagle, Owl , Snail , Dragon , Giraffe , Porcupine, Unicorn , Lupa , the Shell , Goose, Wave, Pantera, Selva, Tortoise, Tower and Ram . Every year , however, are only the 10 districts that can participate in the race: the 7 districts excluding the previous year and 3 randomly ed . The crucial moment of the Palio is without a doubt the move when the starter rope lowers to start the race . It is the moment in which the whole town holds its breath . It is , in fact, the only race in the world where everything is allowed at the start : low blows , barriers to competitors , changes its position. Each share of the jockeys during the move is planned and willed it is the most decisive moment of the competition and determines the outcome of the entire race . The move may last from a few minutes to over an hour , only the starter has to decide the right time to lower the couches and start the race. the race of the Palio di Siena The mossiere , a key figure of the Palio, is appointed by the Town Council on a proposal from the Captains . To win you have to make three laps of the field , winning the historical risk curves of the House and St. Martin . The jockeys ride bareback , that is, without a saddle and also apply victories on horseback shaken (with a fallen knight ) . For tourists it is an amazing sight , but it is even more so for the Sienese . It's a party in which citizens take very long and memorable , which give their time , conviction and evidence. So, if you happen to visit the city during the Palio , do not forget to bring respect to the event, full breathing that surreal atmosphere of tension and joy that reigns in the city!


  Area Bagno Vignoni, Roccalbegna, Pienza
Centre for summer and winter holidays, the most important and best equipped of the area of Mount Amiata. Dell'Abbazia S. Savior, who for about a millennium had to radiate its power throughout the eastern Amiata area, only the church and the crypt. From history and legend, we learn that this monastery, Benedictine and Cistercian first, was born around 750 at the behest of the Lombard king Rachis, who used it initially to control the Via Francigena, which ran along the valley immediately below. Subsequently, the temporal power of this abbey, although very often clashing with Aldobrandeschis, the powerful nobles whose territories included the entire western side of Amiata, is great evidence in the history of Tuscany and in the relations between the Papacy and the Emperors. In this context, the historic environment, has a significant interest in the medieval town, which is preserved almost intact with narrow picturesque streets. Abbey S. Salvatore has experienced in the last two centuries the positive aspects (which were derived for the induced loss) and with negative (for the working conditions of the miners) an important mining development linked to the production of mercury, whose mines are all closed today . What's Near Abbey Chapel dell'Ermeta, cicondata by dense bush. Not far from the town city, the old area of the mine, one of the most productive of cinnabar, to witness an economic activity that is no longer current, so that it became the subject of a redevelopment of urban settlements with craft and with an interesting museum mining, which opened in January 2001, housed in the building of the Clock Tower. Mine Abbey, whose story is now the subject of this mining museum, went over about a century after the pioneering phase of the research phases of large productive use (30s-40), to that of the gradual downsizing , due to the abandonment of mercury in various industrial applications in which that metal was used. Completely closed the mine Abbey about twenty years ago, and with it also the other fields of the Amiata, remains today the testimony of a museum exhibition.


  Area Buonconvento, Bagno Vignoni, Pienza
  Brochure PDF
Montalcino is located in the heart of southern Tuscany . In the Middle Ages the territory of Montalcino was divided among four ecclesiastical districts : Arezzo, Chiusi , Grosseto and Siena. This subdivision was consistent with that of antiquity , in fact here we met the territories of the major important Etruscan cities of Arezzo , Chiusi , Roselle (Grosseto), and perhaps also of Volterra. Many of the findings of this era are still preserved in the Archaeological Museum of Montalcino. The medieval history of the area has many obscure points , as all documentation relating destroyed was preserved in the archives of the Abbey of St. Antimo , which depended on the castle itself . Also the fact that the Via Francigena passed to the east of the village, at today's weigh Torrenieri not helped us find historical antecedents to the second half of 1100. The news depart from the end of the twelfth century, with Montalcino already autonomous municipality of Siena ally during the war, lost against Florence in 1176. Montalcino soon found himself having to fight the expansionist ambitions of Siena and the alliance was broken, even in 1200 the castle was destroyed by the Sienese , momentarily truce with the Florentine , also pledged to eliminate the obstacle of similar Semifonte. The resumption of the war with Florence to Siena prevented him from completing the conquest of Montalcino. The castle , however, remained under the protection of the Church and the City of Siena . After a failed attempt to win back their independence, in 1232 , the castle was reoccupied and forced into a new alliance with Siena. After yet another revolt , the castle was again conquered by the Sienese in 1252 but lost soon after thanks to the intervention of Florence and Grosseto. A Montaperti the Montalcino had sided with Florence against Siena and the victory of the latter did nothing but take them to a new loss of autonomy. In 1269 he was again defeated Siena , Colle , Montalcino and free again. Only after the mid-fourteenth century Montalcino came under the control of Siena. From this period the construction of the fortress with a view to control the city center . Siena and Montalcino was now in the fifteenth century it became one of the most important centers of the territory of the Republic. In the following century the city and the castle withstood the siege Imperial Army and the Medici in 1553 during the war that led to the final capitulation of Siena in 1555. After the surrender reached Montalcino where many citizens of Siena , led by Piero Strozzi , revived in exile of the Republic. The city became the capital of the territories conquered by the Florentines and not yet resisted until 1559 when, now isolated from the fall of Telamon and Castiglione , was offered the yield and sworn allegiance to Cosimo de ' Medici. The castle is still virtually intact. As said its construction began in 1361 on the southern summit of preesitenti city walls in 1200, incorporating the tower of St. Martin , St. John the tower .


Altitude: 25 mt. a.s.l.  Area Isola Maggiore, Passignano Sul Trasimeno, Chiusi
Situated on a bluff overlooking Lake Trasimeno, Castiglione del Lago is one of the most beautiful villages in the area of Lake Trasimeno. Learn what to see in Castiglione del Lago on a day to not miss the best with our mini-guide! The village of Castiglione del Lago, one of the most important tourist centers of the Trasimeno which also includes Polvese Island, owes its footprint medieval lords Corgna become masters of the lake in the sixteenth century. What to see in Castiglione del Lago in one day? We recommend that you set me your itinerary from the Ducal Palace, also dettoPalazzo Corgna since its construction took place in 1563 at the behest diAscanio Corgna. The building, which was originally conceived as a small palace and hosted famous people such as Niccolo 'Machiavelli and Leonardo da Vinci, is now the seat of the Municipality. Very beautiful Salt interior decorated and frescoed by Pomarancio, among them stands the Hall of the Feats of Ascanio della Corgna, whose home and studio are located on the first floor. The Fortress and the Castle of the Lion are connected to the Palazzo della Corgna through a long and fascinating passage, forming a complex with it from the typically feudal. Built in 1247 by Frederick II of Swabia Castello del Leone, owes its name to its pentagonal shape, inspired by the constellation of Leo, which overlooks Lake Trasimeno, in one of his most beautiful views. In our guide of what to see in Castiglione del Lago on a day we're announcing Lachiesa of St. Dominic de Guzman in 1640, which houses the graves of family members Corgna; remarkable coffered wooden ceiling, the century. XVIII.


Loc. SIENA, ITALY - TOSCANA  Navigatore
  Area Monteriggioni, Radda in Chianti, Buonconvento
Siena is one of six provincial capitals of the region of Tuscany and is located in the hilly region between the Arbia and Elsa, on three hills covered with vineyards and olive groves typical of the Chianti countryside. And ''one of the most beautiful cities of Italy and the world thanks to its artistic and cultural heritage which is also guaranteed by events such as the famous Palio. Historically, Siena was founded by the Etruscans and became a Roman military colony by the name of Senio. In the fourteenth century under Guelph government, the city was enriched its monuments and at the end of the century was marked hard by a severe famine followed by the Black Plague. In the middle of the sixteenth century Siena was defeated by fiornetini and was assigned to the Medici. Later it was under the rule of Lorraine through which Siena was a period of economic recovery and having joined the Risorgimento, was the first city in Tuscany to vote for the Unification of Italy.


  Area Montefioralle, Monteriggioni, Poggibonsi
Few other areas of our country are able to give the visitor a deeper sense of contentment of the soul, deep peace of mind , as they can provide the magical hills of Chianti that follow each other with their sweet corrugated profiles in an alternating warm colors of iron oxide -rich soils and varied shades of green crops and stretches of vines that cover the sunny slopes between Siena and San Giovanni Valdarno . In this poem of landscape Radda in Chianti , a historic town of the Chianti region awaits you with its 530 m above sea level , a kind of natural balcony on the theory of valleys and hills, beautiful scenery where you can taste some excellent wines, among the best of all Tuscany . To get in Radda in Chianti , you can use the Autostrada del Sole A1 exit Valdarno . After the toll booth turn right onto the SP11 Poggialupi and right again on the SP 59, cross the Arno river and the roundabout in Montevarchi follow the SS408 ( Via Chiantigiana ) that climbs the mountains of Chianti in the direction of Cavriglia, Montegrossi , for then follow the SR429 leading up to Radda in Chianti. Alternatively, you can follow the Firenze Siena and exit San Donato follow the signs to Castellina in Chianti and then for Radda in Chianti. Radda in Chianti has a classic Tuscan climate , with hot summers and sunny , mitigated by the altitude factor and allows you to spend pleasant summer evenings in the countryside around , including songs of crickets and cicadas and the landscape becomes fantastic and mysterious moon nights full. The wettest period is autumn, while the most intense storms affecting the area during the spring. In general, however, the weather is sunny and is testimony to the excellence of the wine production area of Chianti.


  Area San Giustino, Pieve Santo Stefano, Cittą di Castello
Starting from the field to the Fair , an area once used as a cattle market where you can enjoy a splendid view over the whole valley of the Tiber, the tour starts with a visit to the Rectory of St. Maria delle Grazie, also called the Church of the Pit because it is located along the route of the ancient moat outside the walls : erected in the eighteenth century , the church is the most recent of those of the center. Leaving the church of Propositura we face the Campano , or the tower, where it is placed at the clock, built in the late sixteenth century. on the ruins of an older , continuing we can admire the walls that surround the country , consistent and almost unchanged in their traits thirteenth century , with the exception of the southern Bastion said the Vicar , designed in 1553 by Girolamo Magi appointment of Cosimo I de ' Medici. This area is also the Conventone , ie the fortress or keep, born from the transformation of the Camaldolese monastery of S. Bartholomew, who was one of the elements that once made up the ' castellum ' , around which formed the first nucleus of Anghiari. Conventone is located next to the Praetorian Palace , now the Town Hall . The descent from Piazza del Popolo to one of the charming medieval streets , you come across the Church of the Abbey, dedicated to St. Bartholomew: ancient origin, perhaps rock , the church was the first church in Anghiari. Rebuilt by Tarlati in the fourteenth century . , Was subsequently expanded in 1447 : characteristic is within its asymmetric structure . Just in front of the Church of the Abbey is the former church of Corpus Christi, building that dates from the first half of the sixteenth century , now houses the Museum of Mercy. Proceeding along the narrow streets of the village you come to the fifteenth district of Borghetto where Taglieschi Palace , seat of the State Museum which houses works of art from churches and historic buildings of the territory Tiber valley and artifacts representing the cultural traditions and economic of the community. In front of Palazzo Taglieschi you can admire Palazzo del Marzocco , home of the Museum of the Battle .



Loc. AREZZO - TOSCANA  Navigatore
  Area Sansepolcro, San Giustino, Piantravigne
The painter , sculptor and architect Giorgio Vasari was born in Arezzo in 1511 he bought this building whose renovation and decoration made with the help of students took charge from 1542 to 1548 . After her marriage to the fourteen Niccolosa Bacci, daughter of a wealthy merchant from Arezzo , the artist lived a few months in the house (1550) until new work commitments forced him to move to Rome and later ( 1554 ) in Florence. The residence Arezzo maintained , however, an important role because the artist went there collecting numerous works of art by contemporary maaestri along with sculptures and antique marbles , unfortunately gone missing. The building was purchased by the State in 1911 and allocated to the Museum and Archive Vasari . It ' was opened to the public after a long and complex process of restoration and exhibition design . The tour allows you to discover one of the few surviving examples of a house artist of the late Renaissance , arranged over three floors and equipped with roof garden . On the main floor is the apartment with the House of Fame and the Arts , the Chamber of the Muses , the House of Abraham and the Salone del Camino decorated with frescoes by Vasari and tempera and some of his students with allegorical subjects and celebratory . The halls are also accommodated fifty century paintings of medium and small size , from the deposits of the Florentine Galleries , documenting the work of some artists trained in the school Vasari and the environment in which the artist lived and worked . Of particular note in addition to the frescoes and paintings of Giorgio Vasari , those of other Mannerist painters as Cavalori Mirabello , Maso da San Friano , Francesco Morandini known as Poppi , John Stradano , Saints Tito , Alessandro Allori , Jacopo Zucchi .


  Area Castiglione del Lago, Montepulciano, Isola Maggiore
  Brochure PDF
WWF This oasis is located in the southern part of the lake of Chiusi. Includes part naturalistic most interesting part of this body of water, with an area of shallow waters , rich aquatic plants, and a hydric wood to willows and poplars. The Oasis is located within the municipality of Chiusi ( Si) . The area of 8 hectares, is a wetland that is home to one of the most important heronries central Italy. environment The Oasis , located in the southern part of the lake of Chiusi, includes the most interesting part of this naturalistic body of water , comprising an area of shallow waters , rich aquatic plants, and a hydric wood to willows and poplars that hosts heronries one of the most important central Italy. The area is estsa 8 hectares. The flora and fauna A good part of the Oasis is occupied by forest riparian willows and poplars, which is also very popular willow ash from bushy . Here is the heronry that makes Lake Chiusi an extremely important area for breeding Ardeidae : night herons nesting in fact , egrets , herons, egrets and red tuft , which build their nests on the willows, defended dall'intrico of vegetation and from perennially flooded soil . 1998 saw guests of the heronry also two pairs of Glossy Ibis and in 1999 there has also herons nested guardabuoi.Sul edge of the lake , to surround the heronry , is quite extensive in the reeds and reed marsh , near the shores and waters free, home to many rare aquatic plants , such as nannufaro , water chestnut , the utricolaria , Vallisneria spiralis and the beautiful white water lily . Refuge nest in the reeds of different pairs of Beardedand the marsh harrier . The lake of Chiusi is a strategic stopover point for migrating birds along the Apennines : in spring and autumn transiting the osprey , bittern , the bittern , the knight of Italy, black-tailed godwit , redshank and the fighter . In winter the lake is even more populated since arriving large numbers of wintering birds , such as egrets and herons , common gulls , lapwings , snipe, teal, dun , grebes maggiori.Oltre the birds , the lake of Chiusi also has an interesting population of invertebrates, with uncommon species such as aquatic gastropod Viviparus contectus and Planorbarius corneus , the butterfly zerinzia and the beautiful beetle beetles Carabus clathratus antonellii , who lives in the reeds . Still in the canebrake was recently reported the harvest mouse , a small rodent known before in Tuscany just for the Padule , in the province of Pistoia.


  Area Montalcino, Bagno Vignoni, Pienza
No coincidence that the name derives from the Latin bonus conventus , that happy place , community lucky. And if you add that recently has been included in the Club of the Most Beautiful Villages of Italy, the temptation is almost irresistible : the urge to go to Tuscany to stay in the province of Siena, in the heart of the Valley dell'Ombrone to discover buonconvento . Located at the confluence of the Arbia river Ombrone population of about 3000 inhabitants and ed into the Environment of the Crete Senesi along with four other municipalities Buonconvento is a charming medieval center that is based mainly on agriculture , notably the cultivation of lives, but also in an increasingly strong trade and tourism. To attract tourists, as well as the idyllic green landscape and embracing the village , there are many sights of great historical , architectural and artistic , from the massive fourteenth-century walls that testifies to the taste of the ancient buildings of Siena, and once enclosed inside all the houses of the village. There were no openings in the fort , with the exception of two doors with wooden frames and sturdy iron fittings: Porta Senese was the entrance on the north side , towards Siena, while Porta Romana looked to the south, but was destroyed by the retreating Germans in 1944 . The village has maintained for many centuries its original appearance , but during the nineteenth century has seen a remarkable evolution through the construction of new buildings behind the walls , including the beautiful theater of the Resurrected . Within the walls of the heart Buonconvento is cut into two parts by way Soncini , main street named after an ancient family of the place, which is overlooked by the palaces of power . As the Palace Podestarile , with the fourteenth-century tower with a rectangular plan and Gothic arches that agghindano the facade , enhanced by as many as 25 coats of stone corresponding to the same mayor. Not far away is the Town Hall, with its elegant brick facade , and even the Palazzo Taja , also made of brick in the second half of the eighteenth century by a noble family in town . Completing the exhibition Palazzo Borghesi , of the fourteenth century , all dolled up in arms , and the Palace of Glorione , once belonged to the Hospital of Santa Maria della Scala, now the Museum of the Brotherhood of Mercy.


Altitude: 501 mt. a.s.l.  Area Montefollonico, Pienza, Bettolle
  Brochure PDF
Millenary forests between Romagna and Tuscany A large protected area in the Tuscan-Romagna, including forests among the largest and best preserved in Italy, the guardian of a high floristic and fauna of great interest to note the wolf and the eagle among the large predators and other ungulate species. The forests and the numerous natural habitats are the setting of the signs of the presence of man: villages, mule tracks and above all two charming sanctuaries of Camaldoli and La Verna. The waterfall dell'Acquacheta The waters of the Fosso Acquacheta perform a jump of about 70 m slipping fast on the rock and, at times, falling from overhanging sandstone ledges. In the plateau upstream of the waterfall, which originated silting of an ancient lake, lies the village of Romiti, built in the fifteenth century on the ruins of the hermitage of the monastery of St. Benedetto in Alpe, where he had found refuge during Dante's exile from Florence (in the sixteenth canto of the Inferno is a famous deion of the waterfall). In the stretch from St. Benedict to the waterfall dell'Aquacheta was made a nature trail called Acquacheta - The valley and the waterfall of Dante. Ridracoli The town preserves a fine example of a humpbacked bridge that served a former palace, now a hotel. A Ridracoli is the Eco-Museum of Hydro Water Ridracoli, run by Atlantis. Going up the valley you can see, on a hill, the ruins of a medieval castle, you will reach the impressive dam, completed in 1982 to provide power and water to the towns of the Romagna plain. Today, the tem is run by Waters Romagna. Upstream of the dam basin, whose waters have flooded the three branches valley is framed by steep slopes incised by numerous valleys where sandstone outcrops are interspersed with wooded edges.


  Area Bagno Vignoni, Roccalbegna, Pienza
  Brochure PDF
The presence of the chestnut trees on Mount Amiata is historically documented and dates back to many centuries ago. It follows an ancient tradition of processing of chestnut carried out by the local populations of the villages. The method of collecting and processing of this valuable product is recalled even today in the popular festivals.


  Area Castiglione del Lago, Passignano Sul Trasimeno, Chiusi
  Brochure PDF
Picture lake and hilly with human activities that are proper and together irreplaceable staging area for migratory birds and home life of important fish species . It 's the unique historic landscape reproduced in the tables of many famous artists of the fifteenth century . Its delicate balance hydrological and biological imposed intervention always safeguard human need , even today, for the salvation of risorsa.L ' Trasimeno area is an area of Etruscan origin . Indeed, we find strong evidence such as urns and tombs , especially in the area of Castiglione del Lago Later, the territory , like the rest of Umbria , it was later conquered by the Romans . It is thought that it is just a Roman work building the first outlet of the lake , which had the function to regulate the water level . And it is precisely along these waters , in the area between Tuoro , the Lake and the surrounding hills , which occurred the famous Battle of Trasimeno which saw the Romans succumb to Hannibal in 217 BC It is thanks to the Romans , however, that the Trasimeno area has become a land of great economic interest generated by the development of agriculture and the wealth produced by the fertile fishing . The Roman presence is testified by many findings in Quarantaia , for example, came to light a Roman villa. The excavations have revealed the walls of a traditional country house dating back to the I - II century AD, some tanks and a furnace. Today, the settlement pattern is largely preserved in the Park with the medieval castles, towns surrounded by walls of Passignano , Monte del Lago and Castiglione del Lago Among the crumbling castles in large part , within the Park , a special mention goes to those of Polvese Island and Isola Maggiore, but the most important is to Castiglione del Lago, connected by a covered walkway along the Ducal Palace of Ascanio della Cornia , famous for the battle of Lepanto.


  Area Isola Maggiore, Castiglione del Lago, Perugia
Is the largest regional parks in Umbria. The territory extends along the perimeter of the lake Trasimeno and includes three islands : Polvese Island, the largest, owned by the Province of Perugia , which is used as a center for learning and study environment; Isola Maggiore , the second in order of magnitude , which is a pretty fishing village dating back to '400 , Isola Minore , private property. The natural aspect of the park is a wetland of great importance . The lake, nestled among the rolling hills of Umbria has always represented an important area for waterfowl wintering , resting and reproduction , and for a perfect habitat for fish species live and reproduce. The coastal centers , small fishing villages, mowing of reeds still done by hand , give a dimension outside of time of these places. Fishermen true character of Trasimeno , which have always animated and alive with their particular boats plowing the waters of the lake , challenging even the most terrible storms , are the true keepers of the secrets of this special natural treasure . Their dedication to these waters , generally handed down from father to son , their knowledge of lunar phases, has always made these mythical figures or particularly into the natural - lake . E ' can still enjoy the presence of the characters intent on repairing their nets and mowing the reeds . But we get to the three islands : Isola Maggiore , Isola Minore and Isola Polvese . The largest is the Polvese Island which is freely accessible and in addition to the beautiful views offers visitors three points of interest : the fortress , the ruins of the Church of San Secondo Olivetana and the Church of San Giuliano . Once landed on the island Maggiore, the only inhabited , there is a small square with two options to go right away in the direction of the 3 martyrs and from there go to the windmill or climbing via St. Michael the Archangel , go to the church of the same name . Things to see are different: the docking area with its palaces , the Church of San Salvatore, the ruins of the monastery church of the Sisters of St Leonard , the ruins of the Tower of the Roman era , the Church of St. Michael the Archangel Chapel St. Francis in the bed of the saint. The third island , Isola Minore , known as Islet , is private and not open to visitors . He is currently uninhabited .


Loc. PIENZA - TOSCANA  Navigatore
  Area Bagno Vignoni, Montefollonico, Montepulciano
The village that was the birthplace of Enea Silvio Piccolomini, who had to go and would not abbena sort Pienza, called Corsignano and was a stronghold of Siena. Some documents around the Mille us bear witness to its history of war events in major cities nearby . In 1251 the country was involved in the struggles between Guelphs and Ghibellines in 1269 and are some serious issues with a rich landowner named Berthold who had cut off food supplies to the inhabitants of the village. A document of 1393 gives us as the excise to be paid in Siena was changed from wax in order to make money a Palio . Corsignano few traces remain on the walls and in the street Gozzante and a Romanesque church with three kilometers from Pienza . Pienza is the only town in the vicinity of which can be clearly contemplate birth : it has been built on the plan, by Pope Pius II - Enea Silvio Piccolomini - not just ascended the papal throne in 1558 . Haute on the Orcia Valley , look to the east is the mountain which rises Cortona and the three lakes ( Trasimeno , Chiusi and Montepulciano) , and south of Mount Amiata and the Orcia valley surrounded dominates Torrita , Asciano , San Giovanni d'Asso and the hills Chianti . Pienza was built in just over three years, and was named by Pope Pius II. The Pope wished to give rise to the elegant town because it was a resting place for himself and his court : he was pleased with the work of the architect and she did not regret that he had presented a first estimate untrue and indeed, pleased writing to Rossellino , said: you have to lie to your Bernardo , if these noble palaces .... this church that the whole world admires ... - continued the Pope - could have fulfillment . Pius II also wanted to convey the waters of the Vivo, and download nell'Orcia to form a large artificial lake - as Campano biographer tells us the writer of this pontiff and his Court to create a fish hatchery and a defense against enemies. Just below Bagno Vignoni , where the Pope wanted to divert the waters , it seems that the Etruscans had already made some very wise and drainage works oppurtune . The lake that Pius II wanted to create , never saw the light. Pienza therefore welcomed the Court of prelates humanists and lovers of beauty and preserves the reflection of the Renaissance life that is lived in Rome . Because of its location , the town had a very important role in the wars that saw cross in Tuscany and Siena weapons Medici and the imperial with the French joined to the Republic of Siena in Montalcino ( 1550-60 ) and was sacked fifteen times. Passed under the Medici and followed the fate of the other cities in Tuscany . Also remember looting the treasures of Pienza suffered under the rule of Napoleon. Enea Silvio Piccolomini , who came to the papal dignity under the name of Pius II commissioned Bernardo Rossellini , architect and sculptor of Florence , a pupil of Leon Battista Alberti, to renew the urban poor and the ancient village of Corsignano in the Renaissance town of Pienza ; which , created between 1459 and 1562 , centered around the main square , the Serbian signs of the rapid and hasty bloom.


  Area San Giustino, Pieve Santo Stefano, Cittą di Castello
Anghiari : the diamond perched of the Tiber Its powerful thirteenth century walls made it , in the Middle Ages , a stronghold inviolable Anghiari Impregnable bastion with powerful thirteenth century walls , Anghiari had a great importance in the Middle Ages for its strategic location. Proud of its Tuscan , was finally consecrated ally and witness the Florentine civilization after the battle of June 29, 1440 that saw opposing armies of the Milanese and Florentines in the plain which opens under the walls of the country. The Battle of Anghiari was won by Florence and celebrated by Leonardo in the Palazzo Vecchio with the missing masterpiece still object of study and research . The squares and streets of the country are home to antique shops and furniture restoration workshops , palaces, churches and museums containing masterpieces of painting and sculpture. Surrounded by churches and castles , Anghiari emerges from the stunning scenery of the Upper Tiber Valley , a natural amphitheater rich in history and landscapes of incomparable beauty . Nature reserves protect ecotems of great value which can be visited on foot , horseback or mountain bike through a dense network of trails properly marked . To visit the Natural Reserve of the Mountains Rognosi and that of the Flood Plain of the Tevere.


  Area Montepulciano, Pienza, Bettolle
  Brochure PDF
Montefollonico is a village in the municipality of Torrita of Siena , in the province of Siena. The village sits on top of a hill ( 568 m asl) between the Valdichiana and the Val d'Orcia. A small country of traditions , colors and flavors A few kilometers from Torrita of Siena, perched on top of a hill between Val di Chiana and Val d' Orcia is Montefollonico, characteristic medieval village isolated and surrounded by century walls in brick and stone turned off. With its narrow streets and crooked , low houses and rustic , offering a glimpse of authentic and genuine Tuscany. The seasons transform a landscape that changes its appearance every day : silvery as the sky 's winter, bright and vibrant spring, warm and enveloping with the colors of ' autumn , dazzling summer 's when the grain is already high . L ' hiking, trekking know fortunes for increasing the desire to explore , to understand and appreciate the uniqueness of a place without slip down , just on the surface. Going on foot or on horseback is not there , not only captures the ' appearance, but you can savor its magic and its charms . The variety of points of interest , from the cultural to the ecological , natural, archaeological, architectural , does not bring about the unity of the ' attractiveness of a route. The charm of the area of Siena , the reasons of interest are such as to satisfy the most demanding travelers and a wide variety of curiosity . Places of great historical attraction , artistic , cultural and tourist that are often overlooked or because they barely touched by the great routes or why such well-known to ' ear to believe to know without ever having crossed the boundary wall . Conociuto as the village of Vin Santo , the world's most famous fortified wine from the exceptional flavor that goes well with the nooks , another specialty of Tuscany. An atmosphere where genuine paranormal powers , traditions and flavors come together. Wandering does not lack the opportunity to find the smoky tavern , rustic , or the old farmhouse , the farm , the crusher or a wine cellar, which has now become sought after temples of this authentic and unique tradition in telling the story of the places. A country kitchen in which the basic element is without a doubt the bread this in a thousand forms and flavors: from the strand to the wheel , from the focaccia croutons , from focaccia with rosemary oil to the pan , a tasty loaf flavored with raisins and rosemary.


Altitude: 494 mt. a.s.l.  Area Montefollonico, Pienza, Bettolle
Leaving Montepulciano via Port Grassi, following the road to Chianciano then right along the Avenue of Remembrance, is reached, the Temple of San Biagio in Montepulciano descent, the Sanctuary dedicated to the Madonna di San Biagio is located at the foot of the hill of Montepulciano. Exemplary construction of the sixteenth century Tuscan was built by Antonio da Sangallo the Elder on the ruins of the ancient church of San Biagio in 1518 - 1545 It has a central plant type, surmounted by a dome set on a terrace and a classic drum and semicircular apse. With this type of plant Antonio da Sangallo the Elder realizes one of the most interesting religious building, translating the lesson Renaissance Bramante in a compact masses of monumental architecture, for example to find rapid spread in environments of Tuscany. The plastic decorative solutions and reveal a tension and a freedom that are already mannered. The exterior is characterized entirely in travertine, to first order, by a tem of Doric pilasters at the corners and a pseudo-higher-order framing walls divided by mirrors. Above a triangular pediment with a central eye is repeated on all four sides. In the lower large portals are surmounted by triangular pediments strongly projecting. In the upper extensive use of moldings. The north-facing front is flanked by two towers isolated but close to the front, so as to find a place in the square of the arms of the cross: the bell tower on the right, unfinished, rises to the height of the capitals, the bell tower of the left presents very original and Renaissance forms in overlapping orders Doric, Ionic, Corinthian and Composite, applied to the first three shelves square, the fourth of octagon surmounted by an octagonal drum forever, on which you set the pyramidal spire.



Tuscany is located in central Italy and stretches from the Apennines to the Tyrrhenian Sea. Its landscape, artistic heritage and important cities, first of all Florence, make Tuscany an unquestioned protagonist of world tourism. In this region, nature has many different facets, starting from the coast that alternates long and sandy beaches, like the Versilia beach, with rocky cliffs and steep headlands. The islands of the Tuscan Archipelago, surrounded by Mediterranean vegetation, a crystal-clear sea and rich seabeds, are peerless. You can admire sceneries of uncontaminated nature in the Apuane Alps and in several protected areas, like Orbetello lagoon, which houses many species of migrant birds, including pink egrets. However, the most typical sceneries of the region are those that merge the beauty of nature with the millenary work of man. The amazing Gulf of Baratti and the sites of Vetulonia, Vulci and Pitigliano guard necropolis and vestiges of the Etruscan civilization, while Roselle and Cosa evoke memories of the Roman Age. Medieval villages, historical towns, castles and defence tems, rural churches (the so-called 'pievi') and beautiful abbeys, like the one of Sant'Antimo, are scattered all over the territory and their profiles stand out in the landscapes of the Crete Senesi, Orcia Valley, Garfagnana, Chianti and the Maremma. Finally, Tuscany is full of spas: Montecatini, Saturnia, Montepulciano, Monsummano and Bagno Vignoni, which offer relaxing holidays thanks to their thermal waters and well-equipped facilities for all types of treatment. The provinces of the region are: Florence (regional capital), Arezzo, Grosseto, Livorno, Lucca, Massa Carrara, Pisa, Pistoia, Prato and Siena.