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luminoso - excursions points of interest attractions in s.croce camerina



Excursions, points of interest and attractions close to S.CROCE CAMERINA Punta Secca Ragusa Modica


Loc. MODICA - SICILIA  Navigatore
26 Km from LUMINOSO
Altitude: 379 mt. a.s.l.  Area Ragusa, Zappulla, Ispica
The Church of St. George, located between the upper part and the lower part of the city, in a scenic location with the prospect facing the west is the most impressive architecture of the city and the entire south-eastern Sicily. The singularity of the work, in addition to its intrinsic beauty, is its urban location, in the middle of a city built in shelves connected by stairways and irregular winding climbs with wide open spaces, even in the eighteenth century, were to be used in gardens and orchards terraced. The present appearance of the church is the result of several centuries of changes, additions and completions with more substantial interventions that fall in between the seventeenth and nineteenth centuries. The first source that speaks of the existence of the church is since 1150 a papal bull by Pope Eugene III in which the church was placed under the protection of the Monastery of Miletus in Calabria. According to tradition, the church was founded by Count Roger, and in memory of this event, inside, above the main door is facing the armor of Count Roger de Hauteville, the leader of the Normans and the legendary founder of St. George. In 1643, the collapse of a pillar of the transept and the concern of the collapse of the arches near the door to a radical intervention in the church. After consulting several architects and experts factory from various cities of the Kingdom, it was decided to sfabricare the previous building and give the job to a new model and plant to Friar Minor of Marcello from Palermo Reformed St. Francis. Most likely it was not a total rebuild but a transformation. Among other things, the great polyptych Bernardino Niger had made in 1573, located in the wall of the apse of the central nave is to be quoted as a reference point of the previous structure of the church and, in fact, influenced the subsequent renovation projects. In 1660 the historian Rocco Pirri provides information on the church citing it as the oldest and most famous of the County of Modica. Had, at the time, had 13,000 souls and seventy priests between canons and chaplains. The Pirri recalled that it was the second to other Sicilian churches for paintings and statues, were inside superbissimas iconas, a large silver chest and a beautiful tabernacle. The Pirri also recalls the decisive economic contribution of the Counts of Modica for the reconstruction of the building. Very little remains of that moment in history between 1643 and the reconstruction of the earthquake of 1693. Only a few works dating from the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries: in addition to the altarpiece Bernardino Niger (1573), the canvas of the painter of the Assumption Tuscan Filippo Paladini, dated 1610, and a work of Cicalesius must be mentioned Our Lady of the Snow, a Renaissance sculpture in marble, wooden painted a coat of arms with the theme of St. George and the Dragon dating back to 1576, an anonymous seventeenth-century painting depicting a deposition preserved in sacristy and two sarcophagi of the seventeenth century preserved in the transept and manufactured according to the technique of working with variegated marbles forming reasons polygonal technique widely used in the seventeenth century. The earthquake of 1693 affect the building damaging many structures, there are many reports on the damage suffered by the church drawn from various foremen.


Loc. RAGUSA, ITALY - SICILIA  Navigatore
25 Km from LUMINOSO
  Area Modica, Giarratana, Zappulla

Ragusa e' una delle province della regione Sicilia e si trova sul versante meridionale dei Monti Iblei costeggiata dai fiumi Irminio e Ippari. Storicamente Ragusa ha delle origini antichissime in quanto si attesta la presenza umana gia dal III millennio a.c. Divenne nucleo cittadino con la conquista dei Siculi e successivamente dei Greci, dei Cartaginesi, dei Romani e dei Bizantini. Divento nel IX secolo un''importamnte centro economico saraceno e tra l''XI ed il XII secolo fu sotto il dominio dei Normanni ed in seguito dei signori locali Chiromonte grazie ai quali si strutturo come citta medievale. Nel 1693 vi fu un terribile terremoto che distrusse completamente la citta (Ibla) che venne interamente ricostruita parallelamente alla nuova citta (Ragusa) posta su un rilievo adiacente alla vecchia. Il XVIII secolo fu caratterizzato da duri contrasti tra i due nucle urbani: dopo l''Unita d''Italia vennero costituiti due comuni distinti che poi vennero unificati nel 1926. Da vedere: Il Palazzo Zacco: si tratta di un bellissimo palazzo gentilizio in stile barocco che sulla facciata presenta un enorme stemma della famiglia ed uno splendido portale d''ingresso con colonne adornate con capitelli corinzi. Queste colonne sostengono un balcone chiuso da una ringhiera decorata con fiori in ferro. Gli altri balconi del palazzo sono molto eleganti in quanto decorati da maschere che rappresentano scene di vita quotidiana. Uno di questi balconi e' decorato da una sirena accompagnata da suonatori a ricordare le sfarzose feste e banchettiche venivano tenuti nel palazzo. Modica: questa cittadina dista circa 15 km da Ragusa ed e' una delle citta piu pittoresche di tutta la Sicilia. Modica si trova nella parte meridionale dei Monti Iblei ed e' divisa in Modica Alta e Modica Bassa. L''aspetto di questa citta e' tardo barocco e risale quasi interamente a dopo il terremoto del 1693: della citta precedente il terremoto rimane ben poco. Modica e' ua citta pittoresca ed affscinante per il suo aspetto tipicamente barocco, per le sue stradine e vecchie botteghe. Di particolare da vedere c''e' il Museo Ibleo delle Arti e delle Tradizioni Popolari in cui sono conservate strumenti, attrezzature delle botteghe antiche e degli artigiani. Cattedrale di Ragusa: questa chiesa e' stata costruita nel XVIII secolo si trova in una bellissima terrazza pensile sostenuta da un loggiato, nella piazza centrale della citta. Possiede un''elegante e raffinata facciata ed una bellissima cupola in stile neoclassico. All''interno e' strutturata su una base a croce latina con tre navate con bellissime vetrate con cui si raffigura il martirio di San Giorgio. All''interno sono conservate alcune tele di Vito d''Anna, un reliquario d''argento.


Loc. PUNTA SECCA - SICILIA  Navigatore
4 Km from LUMINOSO
  Area Modica, Scicli, Ragusa
La Casa di Montalbano is the house of the notorial best seller of Cammilleri in Sicily


36 Km from LUMINOSO
  Area Mazzarrone, Niscemi, San Cono
The Natural Reserve of Bosco di Santo Pietro, about 20 km from Caltagirone, is one of the most lush and extensive green areas Calatino. The vegetation of the Bosco di Santo Pietro is extremely diverse, thanks to the vast expanse of the reserve, which includes landscapes and environments very different from each other. The fauna of the Bosco di Santo Pietro is rich in species belonging to both invertebrates to vertebrates.


37 Km from LUMINOSO
Altitude: 532 mt. a.s.l.  Area Buccheri, Palazzolo Acreide, Ragusa
In the district Calaforno between Monterosso Almo and Ragusa, has been ongoing for some years an intensive reforestation project that has transformed the barren hilly landscape in a fresh and welcoming pine forest. In an area about 600 meters above sea level, extends, therefore, the Calaforno Forest Park, a wooded area that takes its name from a series of caves that are located further downstream: the cave Calaforno, a series of 35 small rooms, originally used as graves, then transformed over the centuries into homes. The park consists of a green hillside sloping down to the sea, which has a tree cover represented basically by Aleppo pines and along the trails, some oriental plane trees reminiscent of the old riparian vegetation cover and give the area a striking appearance. The area, as mentioned above, has been the subject of a major reforestation plan, which has turned into a real green lung, but surrounded by rocky terrain and arid. For the beauty of the area it is hoped that the park would soon become a protected region, even if the process for this to happen, has not yet been completed. Starting from Giarratana, you can reach the forest and follow the signs for the restaurant 'Two Palms', and along a dirt road that begins at the end of the village. After several twists and turns, running through farmland, forest encounter a gate marked 'Area equipped Calaforno'. Passing through the gate and continue for two miles, through the woods, you begin to see the infrastructure of the typical picnic areas, located first on the right of the road, over a stream, and then to the left, near an old mill water. The building, abandoned but fully functional, was acquired by the forest and partly restored so that it can be visited. In Equipped With several facilities that are well integrated into the environment because all made of wood. Tables and benches for more than 250 seats, many litter bins and a small playground for children, who can spend a leisurely day in a pristine environment. Beware, though: here it is forbidden to light fires so that the area is not equipped with hotplates. Adjacent to the area was made a wildlife area with deer and wild boar, bred for experimental purposes


35 Km from LUMINOSO
  Area Niscemi, Licata, San Cono
According to Thucydides, the foundation of Gela (ancient Lindioi) was the work of Rhodium-Cretans led by Antifemo and Entimo we are in the year 689 BC The first inhabitants, after fierce battles with pre-existing populations, began to penetrate into the interior. Going across the river Gela began the process of Hellenization who later involved other nearby villages (Ariaiton, Maktorion and Omphake, the current Butera). Gela reached its peak between the sixth and fifth centuries BC emerged as a dominant center greek. Under the tyrants Cleander, Hippocrates and Gelon assuming an important political and military, in opposition to block the Carthaginian who ruled western Sicily. With the revolt of 450 BC for autonomy from Greece, Gela began to take the road of decline. After a period of stagnation, was finally destroyed by the Carthaginians and the Agrigentini around 280 BC Gela in the neighborhood are many archaeological sites, evidence of a long period of time from the Age of the copper comes to the Middle Ages. The Hill Molino a Vento is a Neolithic necropolis with graves round. Of particular interest is the acropolis of the Greek city, with its sacred buildings, the walls of the sixth century BC, the dwellings. Return Sopranos you can see the walls of the fort, built by Timoleon in the fourth century BC To the outside world, outside the city walls, shrines dedicated to the gods Demeter and Kore and the Hellenistic quarter of the fourth century BC with public toilets. Bitalemi and Piano Notaro buildings are tombs and the ruins of suburban sanctuaries. Finally, we must mention Manfria, presenting evidence of the Bronze Age, stages of rhodium-Cretans and the Middle Ages (the same name is famous lookout tower). The specimens collected during this century in the various archaeological sites mentioned above, are kept in the Archaeological Museum of Molino a Vento. Very well known are the Corinthian vases of the seventh and sixth centuries BC, the antefixes mask sileniche and Gorgon, the sacred statues depicting Demeter and Kore, the fragments of Attic pottery. Very interesting is the Horsehead fifth century BC, forming a decorative acroterial. Several are also objects of gold and silver, as a fan earrings and other jewelry found in large quantities in various buildings tomb.


45 Km from LUMINOSO
Altitude: 982 mt. a.s.l.  Area Giarratana, Palazzolo Acreide, Sortino
  Brochure PDF
The Consortium D.O.P. Monti Iblei was created to protect and disseminate quality Extra Virgin Olive Oil produced in the Monti Iblei, limited to the provinces of Ragusa, Siracusa and Catania, or in the eastern part of Sicily, the southernmost known as Val di Noto: from this ancient land come oils characteristic for their harmonious taste fruity medium-intense, the green-gold color, fruity with hints of herbs, green tomato and artichoke, with notes of bitter and spicy harmoniously balanced between them. The PDO MONTI IBLEI, is the official recognition of the valuable characteristics of the oil obtained in the homogeneous area of the Iblei Mountains. The initials PDO, protected designation of origin, in fact means that the quality and characteristics of these precious oils are derived essentially from the geographical environment in which they are grown and processed olives. The Consortium has established itself immediately as an operational tool essential for the enhancement of extra virgin olive oil. It is a living organism for the oil sector, which operates in the service of olive eastern Sicily, and in particular the three provinces with strong rural, Ragusa, Siracusa and Catania. The Consortium is the primary interface to the consumer of olive oil. It is the body that protects the quality and genuineness of the product, and therefore, protect the health of consumers, ensuring ongoing compliance by the producers, the rules laid down in the product specification, quality requirements and parameters of organoleptic and qualitative covered in the production standards. The Consortium represents and protects producers that adhere to the specification, promoting and enhancing the product, making it recognizable and distinguishable territory of origin through operations targeted promotion and sponsoring the marketing of the product in new domestic and international markets.


31 Km from LUMINOSO
Altitude: 278 mt. a.s.l.  Area Niscemi, Caltagirone, Giarratana
  Brochure PDF
Mazzarrone is a horticultural product in Italian Protected Geographical Indication. It means the grapes produced in the area between the municipalities of Mazzarrone, Caltagirone, Licodia Euboea (in the province of Catania) and Achates, Chiaramonte Gulfi and Comiso (in the province of Ragusa). The grapes produced in the types white, red and black, and for each, the production regulations shall determine the quality requirements must possess: bunch, berry, color, maturity, amount per hectare. The Consortium is based in Mazzarrone. The Mazzarrone PGI berries spherical-ellipsoidal peel black, red or white, from the firm flesh of sweet and tasty. The size of the cluster must be a minimum of 350-400 grams depending on the variety. The production area of the relevant geographic area includes several municipalities between the provinces of Catania and Ragusa. You have the first traces of vineyards nell'areale Mazzarrone between late 1800 and early 1900, thanks to the discovery of some public acts of sale entered into at that time. Another testimony of us is from the book The civilization of the vine in Sicily by Bruno Pastena, which shows that at the end of the nineteenth century the production of table grapes represent 5% of the wine production of District of Caltagirone. Today, the Mazzarrone plays a leading role in the local agricultural economy, being able to cross national borders to reach not only the most important markets in Europe, but also those of some countries outside Europe. In addition to the eye-catching, the bunches of these are also particularly resistant: Uva di Mazzarrone may in fact be stored for more than a month in the environment at very low temperature and with a high rate of humidity. In addition to fresh consumption, enters as an ingredient in desserts, jams and juices. Off the table, is used in cosmetics: its juice has power to soften and lighten the skin. Disinfectant and antiviral, diuretic and laxative, grapes fully expresses its beneficial properties for the body if consumed in the morning on an empty stomach.


Loc. RAGUSA - SICILIA  Navigatore
6 Km from LUMINOSO
  Area Punta Secca, Mazzarrone, Niscemi
Kamarina, in greek , (also known by some in the shape of Italianate Camarina), according to Strabo, whose name means Inhabited after much effort, was an important colony of Syracuse, founded and built by the Syracusans at the mouth of the river Ippari in the south of Sicily. Today it not only ruins remain and important archaeological finds, mainly Cammarana on the hill in the municipality of Ragusa. Kamarina was founded in the early sixth century BC (598 BC - 597 BC) by the ancient Greek Doric Syracuse, on the fertile promontory bordered by the rivers Ippari Oanis north and south. The purpose of the new settlement was to create a garrison along the African route and curb the southward expansion of Gela, who just eighteen years after merge to the north-west Akragas (580 BC). Quickly became an important agricultural center and reference for the flourishing commercial trade of the hinterland ibleo even the Sicilians, the colony soon came into conflict with the city-madre.Kamarina was later defeated by the Syracusans and their allies in 552 BC Sources say that the population camarinense was exiled; However, the excavation of the settlement totaled an unbroken continuity of life throughout the entire sixth century BC During the advance of Hannibal in 403-401 B.C. Kamarina was again sacked and destroyed by his army. He went back into the orbit of Syracuse during the reign of Dionysius I the great and took part in the simmachia of Dion of Syracuse in 357 BC when he and his army marched to the conquest of Syracuse. The actual remains are of great archaeological interest, and testify to the vastness of the ancient site. Remain archaic tombs (VII century BC) and insignificant ruins of a temple dedicated to Minerva. Along the Ippari you can recognize the layout of the ancient port channel. The city is still recognizable in its original area by the remains of houses and pavements. The area surrounding the Passo Marinaro are still the graves of a cemetery in the V - IV century BC Excavations conducted by Paolo Orsi Kamarina 1896-1911, have provided abundant archaeological material that is located at the Museum of Syracuse.


Loc. ZAPPULLA - SICILIA  Navigatore
28 Km from LUMINOSO
  Area Modica, Ispica, Scicli
The church is a church of San Matteo in Scicli ( Ragusa ) , situated on the hill of the same name . It is the symbol of citta'.Una church already existed in the Middle Ages at the same point of the present building , which was represented by paintings and engravings preserved in various churches in Scicli depicting the hill of St. Matthew, with the church and the soaring bell tower located along the apses . In 1404, according to tradition, was buried there hermit St. William , in the Chapel of the Counts of Modica. The present church is the result of an eighteenth-century reconstruction after the earthquake of 1693 the Val di Noto . The church was the city's cathedral until 1874 , the year of the displacement of the mother church in the Jesuit church of St. Ignatius . The building was left abandoned was subject to rapid degradation , being totally private shell ( and sometimes roof). In the nineties, was subjected to restoration, with the realization of a reinforced concrete cover in form of time , which determined static problems because of the heavy weight and the different response to the stresses of the materials used.To construction of the building , placed on the slope of a rocky hill , it was necessary to build a terrace in support of the structures : the spaces below the church were used to crypt used for burials . The plant is a basilica with three aisles of five bays , ending with the transect at the bottom of which there are three rectangular apses . On the four arches that frame the presbytery you set the ring of the dome. The bell tower is integrated into the structures of the right transept . The front two rows , left unfinished , shows the salient features of Sicilian Baroque . Especially in the central party you may notice a usage model of the wall surface and a strong dialogue of tensions between free elements (columns) and volumes ( continuous wall surfaces ) .


41 Km from LUMINOSO
  Area Ispica, Scicli, Zappulla
Santa Maria del Focallo, is a beautiful and extensive beach of the town of Ispica, with crystal clear water and the underwater dream. It stretches for thousands of feet, also characterized by a lush strip of natural vegetation consists mainly of Acacia. Has always been used by local people for day trips outside the city or simply to spend a Sunday at sea. It houses one of the resorts of the circuit Great Journeys called Marispica. In 2011 he obtained, for the first time, the Blue Flag, reconfirmed in subsequent years. The Blue Flag award is the result of a process related to the preservation and enhancement of the coastal zone. The clean sea, the beauty of the beaches, the presence of green areas, the quality of tourism infrastructure and services present in the area prepared by the City for the use of the beaches, have made that received the deserved recognition. It remains in the stories of the elderly, the story of Operation Husky on 10 July 1943, which led to the landing of Canadian soldiers, as witnessed by the plaque near the border with the territory of Pachino.


26 Km from LUMINOSO
  Area Modica, Giarratana, Zappulla
  Brochure PDF
Ragusano, historically called caciocavallo (in Sicilian Cosacavaddu), is an Italian cheese PDO (Protected Designation of Origin). This dairy excellence, in 1955, was recognized as a typical product from DPR n. Of 30 October 1269, in 1995 he obtained the designation of origin (Decree of May 2) and, the following year, it acquired the Community recognition of the PDO, losing the historic designation of Caciocavallo. The name apparently derives from the ancient habit of hanging forms riding a stick placed horizontally. Is produced in the province of Ragusa and in the province of Syracuse with the towns of Rosolini, Noto and Palazzolo Acreide, with milk from cows of the breed Modica. Ragusano is a semi-hard cheese made of spun paste made exclusively with milk from cows. Manufactured in compliance with the rules of production (measure of 29 July 2003 of the Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry). The cheese is shaped like a parallelepiped with a square section with rounded corners. The weight of each shape is between 10 and 16 kilograms. The crust is thin, smooth, sharp straw color. The forms can be surface treated with substances transparent, free of dyes. The paste is homogeneous compact with slight holes, white or pale yellow load outside and less load inside. The taste is aromatic, pleasant, fuse in the mouth, usually mild and sweet when the cheese is young, becoming spicy advanced maturity. The content of fat in the dry matter is not less than 38%


43 Km from LUMINOSO
  Area Ispica, Portopalo di capo Passero, Pachino
The island of Leek is an island of Italy, located in the channel of Malta, Sicily. Administratively it belongs to the territory of Ispica Italian town in the province of Ragusa. It is located in front of the village of Santa Maria del Focallo. 150 m wide and 125 m long, is made for more than three rocks. The biggest rock has a size of just over a hundred meters per side. Due to the small, vegetation is almost non-existent and the only way this plant is made up of leek (Allium ampeloprasum) from where he assumed its current name. Along with the forest on the coast and marshes has recently protected as an area of Integral Reserve. Every year is a destination for scuba diving. The testimony of some of the elders said that this island, the early twentieth century was an area where hunting is practiced, and that he had already started to shrink because of the tides in the later period; According to some reconstructions, it is thought that at one time the island was at one with the coast, and that, precisely because of the currents and seismic movements, breaking away from the coast and has gone to shrink more and piu'.Nel 1989 were found several skeletons of men who were dated around the tenth century. It is thought that they are the remains of the family of Allah Ziyadat III, one of the last emirs Aglabite in Tunisia in 903, fearing a conspiracy against him, he ed his father, uncle and thirty other members of the court, and made the corpses to the island of leeks. The identification of the place called island of Leek in Arabic sources, however, a degree of uncertainty due to a namesake island, which is located on the coast of Tunisia.


Loc. ISPICA - SICILIA  Navigatore
38 Km from LUMINOSO
  Area Santa Maria del Focallo, Zappulla, Modica
In the early 80s, a period of maximum production of 'Carota Novella di Ispica, the surfaces of the district came to meet with productions from 3500-4000 has 1,500,000 to 2,000,000 carrots. During the last years remaining surfaces have been reduced in the area around 1300-1500 ha with an average production in good years that are around 650,000-750,000 to quintal of ISTAT data are highly variable, with regard to the production, in relation to the climate. The production of the area bounded represents approximately 90% of the production of Sicily. The companies that have come together to protect and enhance the production of the 'Carota Novella di Ispica represent, in terms of area, production and marketing of 55-60% of the operators who insist area, constituting the representative part of the producers of Carota Novella di Ispica of the territory bounded. Today it is cultivated in about 1500 hectares with a total production of over 75,000 tons. As regards the cultivation of carrot growing areas are in Italy has 12,664, of which 3,390 in Sicily, 26.8% of the total quantity harvested (587,319 tons in Italy, including 128,585 in Sicily, at 21, 9%), and there is a given export amounted to 1.2% of national production, while increasing the share of imported product: over 9,400 tons. In this context, the carrot News of Ispica potential plays a key role in what is the first carrot of quality to enter the market just at the moment of maximum level of imports. The documented origins of Carota Novella di Ispica date back to 1955 and the 50s, its cultivation has gradually enlarged, thanks to great commercial success on the domestic and foreign markets, mainly due to the unique characteristics such as early ripening, the crunchiness, fragrance, color and flavor, as well as the wealth of carotene and glucose. The import-export trade of Italy show an increase in exports of carrots against imports remain broadly stable. In Sicily, the primacy of the production of the core responsibility of the province of Ragusa, which alone accounts for 59% (80,000 ton - ISTAT data) of regional production, followed by the province of Syracuse with 32% (44,200 tons, Istat data). This production, as already said, is characterized by its production cycle and its quality.


32 Km from LUMINOSO
  Area Mazzarrone, Gela, Caltagirone
In the cork Niscemi, along with holm oaks, are represented evergreen shrubs typically Mediterranean scrub-forest. The magnificent forest is now a thing of the past, but are still interesting environments where there are mastic trees, carob, wild olive, myrtle, arbutus, phillyrea and the dwarf palm. The undergrowth is rich and bright populated by a diverse fauna that includes wild cats and foxes; mice and dormice dormouse. Small warblers nest in the woods, the great spotted woodpecker and the hoopoe.


Loc. MODICA - SICILIA  Navigatore
26 Km from LUMINOSO
  Area Ragusa, Zappulla, Ispica
After the era of the first Sicilian settlements , colonization by the Greeks to which the ancient inhabitants were assimilated in the uses and customs, and the occupation by the Romans, the Byzantines went to Modica , leaving the remains of their presence especially in the necropolis both within the city or in the vicinity immemdiate , both in Cava d'Ispica . After these centuries dark during which the whole island suffered the domination by the Barbarians : Vandals, Heruli , the Goths and the beginning of the ninth century the Saracens come forward . Sicily was a fertile land and very attractive for commercial reasons placed in one of the most favorable of all the Mediterranean Basin , the heart of trade era. Modica was conquered around 844-845 , by an army of Saracens led by Al Hamdani and the FADN ibn Gafar was under the Arabs that the city divene a major agricultural and commercial center with the name of Mohac . After two centuries of Arab domination the city , as well as all of Sicily was conquered by the Normans. The liberation of the Arab domination of Sicily took place from 1061 to 1091 . Gualtieri , one of the captains in the service of Roger de Hauteville , the head of the Normans , was given the title of Count of Modica. Even his sons Godfrey , Rinaldo , and Walter Aquino were called Counts of Modica until he was in life William the Good, then broke out a fierce struggle for the succession to the throne. They formed two parties , one national that he wanted to bring to the throne Tancred of Lecce , the son of Roger of Calabria and the other that he wanted Henry to the throne , Emperor of Swabia and husband of Constance, daughter of King Roger of Altavilla. Tancredi got the better but , following his death , the party prevailed Henry of Swabia, who took possession of the throne of Sicily and took revenge on those who had opposed him , among them there were the Counts of Modica who were stripped of their assets. Modica was for a time a fief of the State Property state , then passed to the Angevins and remained there until the Sicilian Vespers which resulted in the expulsion of the hated French and their tyrannical power from all over Sicily . Even in Modica , as well as in many other cities , there was a violent rebellion against the Angevins who were expelled and citizenship appointed as Governor Frederick Moscow. The potera was , at this time, held by the Aragonese , the island had become one of the kingdoms of the Spanish crown . In 1296 , following the marriage between Moscow and Isabella Manfredi Chiaramonte , the district went to Chiaramonte . The Chiaramonte tender County for nearly a century until the last discendende male of the family was beheaded in the Steri of Palermo for plotting against the king. The period of Chiaramonte was undoubtedly the most vibrant in the entire history of the County , the Counts in fact, with the pageantry of their court competition often made to the Royal Court .


Loc. SCICLI - SICILIA  Navigatore
28 Km from LUMINOSO
Altitude: 7 mt. a.s.l.  Area Zappulla, Santa Maria del Focallo, Ispica
La Fornace Penna is a monument of industrial archeology and is located in the district Pisciotto Sampieri , in the municipality of Scicli in the province of Ragusa.La Fornace Penna was built between 1909 and 1912 the project of Ignatius Emmolo , who graduated in mathematics and civil engineering in Catania to Naples in 1895. Creating the company with the support of Baron William Pen, chose the site of Punta Pisciotto close to the sea , for the following reasons : the bottom deep enough to allow the berthing of vessels, the presence of the railroad, the nearby clay quarry , about 200 meters , for the raw material , the availability of abundant water from a local karst spring . The factory produced bricks that were exported in many Mediterranean countries : most of Tripoli ( Libya) after the war of 1911 was built with bricks of Pisciotto . We worked from six in the morning till dusk, from May to September, with the first rains of the Fornace Penna was closed . We have found employment in a hundred workers between the ages of 16 and 18 . The termination of an establishment took place during the night of January 26, 1924 , due to an arson that destroyed it in a few hours . A letter attributed the gesture abandoned the Socialists , while another hypothesis overshadows the suspicion of a revenge inside the fascist ranks . As evidence of that past production remained only ruins ' or Pisciuottu , so it is called the old establishment by the locals , and the inexorable passage of time, disintegrating quietly and discreetly , La Fornace Penna awaits his fate . Since this building has always been at the center of great controversy and debate : among the proposals to change it in the hotel or the ones to do it become a cultural place , or simply to put in place a restoration of maintenance . In recent years , thanks to the charm of its ruins, Fornace Penna has been used as a film set , The Pasture , was nominated as the location where the factory is located in an episode of the television series Inspector Montalbano .



Sicily is the largest Italian Island, separated from the continent by the Strait of Messina and lapped by the Ionian, the Tyrrhenian and the Mediterranean Seas. It is one of the pearls of Southern Italy and can be discovered, understood and experienced through a series of itineraries dedicated to all tastes ranging from nature to history and tradition. Nature seems to have endowed all of its wonders to this land: mountains, hills and above all the Mediterranean Sea, with its incredible colours, its crystal-clear water and the beauty of its seabeds, in no way inferior to those of other seas. Here, the Mediterranean Sea, with its many little islands scattered around the coasts of Sicily, offers unique and intense sceneries, scents and flavours of an uncontaminated nature. Last but not least, are the great volcanoes, symbols of the irresistible exuberance of this incredibly charming region. The fascination of this region grows with the precious archeological vestiges that tell the story of the ancient origins of Trinacria (ancient name for Sicily). The provinces of the region are: Palermo (regional capital), Agrigento, Catania, Caltanissetta, Enna, Messina, Ragusa, Siracusa and Trapani.